Targeted drugs. As the genetic basis of diseases is discovered, drugs can be targeted for more specific purposes.
The Human Genome. Project (HGP) was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint.
No. It was a billion-dollar project to find out about the genes which humans have. The information has markedly increased our knowledge about the causes and treatments for human disease.
Understanding. This gives a baseline of the sequence of the genetic code. It does not tell what all the codes mean and there is still an incomplete understanding of how the codes translate to body structure and function. We can compare codes from different parts of the world and different races. Human migration can be traced with code. Stay tuned as there is much more to learn.
None. There are none.
Map of Human DNA. The Human Genome Project created a map of human DNA and was completed in 2003. Anonymous samples were donated by several people, but the majority of the "genome map" is from a single male donor from Buffalo, NY. The identity of this individual is not known by researchers who sequenced the DNA.
Incomplete versus. In 2000, the human genome project announced an assembled working draft of the sequence of the human genome. They assembled over lapping fragments covering 97% of the human genome. The draft was much more complete than they had expected--over 22.1 billion base pairs of raw sequence data totaling 7-fold sequence coverage. 24% was completely finished, and 50% in near-finished or better form.
Question is so broad. Can you be more specific about your q? this is such a broad/vague question that it's unlikely I'll answer what you are trying to ask w/o more info.
Complex issues. The human genome has been sequenced, which offers the potential to understand the genetics of many diseases. However, type 2 diabetes is determined by many genes/combinations of genes, and figuring this out has been very difficult. Also, the field of epigenetics suggests that our lifestyle can trigger genes that may have been dormant otherwise. More will come from this, but it is very complex.
Much, much more. The discovery of the genes associated with the diseases and how they cause them has caused a revolution in our approach to therapy, from chance testing to see if something helps. To understanding the primary problem and then being able to create a key that fits the keyhole of the problem.