Does no focal consolidation and no pleural effusion in xray rule out copd?

No not really. COPD is a functional diagnosis, meaning that it is diagnosed by doing a lung function test, also known as a pft. During this test, you do a serious of breathing maneuvers to determine if you have copd, which is basically inability to blow all the air out of your lungs. Having a chest xray with "no focal consolidation and no pleural effusion" means that it is clear. You could still have copd.
No. No focal consolidation means that there is nothing like pneumonia within the lungs, while no pleural effusion means that there is no fluid in between the two layers lining the lungs. COPD is a functional disorder where there is chronic obstruction of the pulmonary airways. Anatomically, one might see flattening of the diaphragms and hyperinflation on chest x-ray.
Xray findings. No. These are xray findsings associated with other chronic lung diseases, and also with acute pulmonary processes. If you are experiencing pulmonary problems, or have actually been diagnosed with COPD in its stage i, strong encouragement from me to seek the ongoing care of a pulmonary specialist who is current on the modern day treatments and theories of copd.
No... COPD is diagnosed by the presence of chronic airway obstruction. This is best demonstrated via pulmonary function testing, not chest x-ray or ct scan.

Related Questions

Do COPD or a pleural effusion typically cause "crackles". The crackles are apparently heard at the base of the lungs.

Lung moisture. "Crackles" (also called rales, pronounced "rahls") simply mean there is moisture in lung tissue. Neither pleural effusion nor COPD directly cause crackles. They can be due to pneumonia, heart failure, and other problems -- or maybe compression of lung by the effusion. But often it doesn't mean anything important. The doctor treating you will be able to explain the cause in your case. Good luck!
COPD exam findings. Yes both COPD and pleural effusion can cause crackles on physical exam among other findings.

I am guessing that if an elderly person (not me) has COPD & a pleural effusion (even if the person doesn't have a lung infection) then this would make it harder to survive sepsis. But if so, would either be likely to make a significant difference?

COPD is diagnosis. The pleural effusion is a SIGN or a symptom, not a "condition". In fact, by draining the effusion, doctors can run tests & perhaps figure out what is causing the problem. But it doesn't portend anything with regards to survival unless it becomes large. COPD is a DIAGNOSIS. It means that the lungs don't function properly. It makes surviving sepsis tougher, as lung problems can easily develop. TTYD.
Sadly, yes and yes. COPD hampers the ability to fight infection, and pleural effusion limits the ability to oxygenate which is already much reduced by the COPD. This further reduces the ability to fight infection. Sepsis is the most serious type of infection. So sadly, all of these things work against the ability to survive. You can't cure COPD, and presumably, total removal of the pleural effusion has failed.