8 doctors weighed in:

What is the cause of red, swollen gums around the teeth?

8 doctors weighed in
2 doctors agree

In brief: Swollen gums

Red and swollen gums are usually caused by bacteria around or under the gums secreting acid causing an infection called gingivitis.
Bone loss that occurs is periodontal disease. Both need to be treated by a dentist by physically removing the bacteria with a cleaning, scaling & root planing, or periodontal surgery. Get an exam and xrays to see the difference of what you have.

In brief: Swollen gums

Red and swollen gums are usually caused by bacteria around or under the gums secreting acid causing an infection called gingivitis.
Bone loss that occurs is periodontal disease. Both need to be treated by a dentist by physically removing the bacteria with a cleaning, scaling & root planing, or periodontal surgery. Get an exam and xrays to see the difference of what you have.
Dr. Abraham Jaskiel
Dr. Abraham Jaskiel
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Dr. Gary Sandler
Dentistry
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Gum disease

Starting with inadequate oral hygiene (tooth brushing and flossing) your gums become inflamed and infected from the toxins released by the bacteria that use the food particles left around your teeth to grow on.
It starts as gingivitis and leads to the more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis. See your dentist to determine what stage you have and what treatment is needed.

In brief: Gum disease

Starting with inadequate oral hygiene (tooth brushing and flossing) your gums become inflamed and infected from the toxins released by the bacteria that use the food particles left around your teeth to grow on.
It starts as gingivitis and leads to the more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis. See your dentist to determine what stage you have and what treatment is needed.
Dr. Gary Sandler
Dr. Gary Sandler
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Dr. Christopher Dowd
Internal Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Gum disease

Swollen gums often indicate gingivitis.
However, with good, regular dental care, you're gums should become healthy and stop bleeding so easily and stop being swollen. Floss daily, brush after meals, consider a water pik, and see your dentist regularly. If you follow this and still have problems, talk with your dentist about other considerations.

In brief: Gum disease

Swollen gums often indicate gingivitis.
However, with good, regular dental care, you're gums should become healthy and stop bleeding so easily and stop being swollen. Floss daily, brush after meals, consider a water pik, and see your dentist regularly. If you follow this and still have problems, talk with your dentist about other considerations.
Dr. Christopher Dowd
Dr. Christopher Dowd
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In brief: Bacteria

Your gums are infected, most likely.
Bacteria have invaded the gums and your body is fighting off the infection using inflammation - causes the gums to swell and turn red. Seeing your dentist and dental hygienist can help you take care of this. You probably can't brush or rinse this away when it gets very bad.

In brief: Bacteria

Your gums are infected, most likely.
Bacteria have invaded the gums and your body is fighting off the infection using inflammation - causes the gums to swell and turn red. Seeing your dentist and dental hygienist can help you take care of this. You probably can't brush or rinse this away when it gets very bad.
Dr. Stephen Carstensen
Dr. Stephen Carstensen
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Dr. Christopher Crosby
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