A warning. Women with cells that have certain abnormal appearances are much more likely to develop cancer of the cervix or nearby structures. If the area with the cells can be found and removed before it turns cancerous, a life has likely been saved. Before pap smears, cancer of the cervix was a horribly common scourge of young women, as it still is in the poor nations.
Precancerous cells. The pap smear picks up abnormal cells on the cervix. Most of the time, it will pick up cells in a pre-cancer state. This is good because there is treatment to keep it from going to cancer. Your doc will look at the cervix with a magnification lens and see where the cells are located and may take a biopsy. Then he can make a treatment plan. Hope this helps.