Can a porcelain inlay cause damage to the tooth and crack it?

Not if done right. If the tooth is properly prepared and the inlay putbin correctly there should be no problem.
Yes. If done incorrectly inlay can cause tooth to crack. But usually cracked tooth caused by number of other reasons.
Probably not. A porcelain inlay is a passive fit so it's unlikely to crack a tooth. Because it doesn't cover the biting points of the tooth, however, it also doesn't protect the tooth from cracking during normal chewing or harmful tooth grinding during sleep.