Too many to list! Congenital heart disease simply means a structural heart problem that was present at birth. There is an almost infinite number of combinations of abnormalities that can be found at birth. There are general classes of congenital heart disease, such as those that make you turn blue vs those that don't, but the list is incredibly long.
Dozens! There are dozens of different, unique congenital heart diseases (defects). The most common congenital heart defects are ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, and bicuspid aortic valve. Bicuspid aortic valve is often undiagnosed until adulthood.
CONG. HEART DISEASES. Two main classifications: cyanotic and acyanotic. Common types are: 1. Ventricular septal defect (vsd); 2. Atrial septal defect (asd); 3. Patent ductus arteriosus (pda); 4. Endocardial cushion defect (ecd); 5. Tetralogy of fellot (tof); 6. Transposition of great arteries (tga); 7. Anomalous pulmonary venous drainage; 8. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome 9. Ebstein anomaly. Etc.
There are more. There are 5 types of cyanotic chd: (1) tetralogy of fallot (2) transposition of the great arteries (3) tricuspid atresia (4) truncus arteriosus (5) total anomalous pulmonary venous return/connection.
Many more than 5. There are many more than 5 types of congenital heart disease. Some of the most common are: asd vsd bicuspid aortic valve pda tetralogy of fallot transposition of the great arteries av canal defect truncus arteriosus communis tricuspid atresia pulmonary atresia hypoplastic left heart syndrome total anomalous pulmonary venous connection double outlet ventricles single ventricle and more...
The 5 cyanotic? Often the 5 most common cyanotic heart diseases are called "the 5 ts" : 1. Tetralogy of fallot (tof) 2. Transposition of the great arteries (tga) 3. Truncus arteriosus 4. Tricuspid atresia 5. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (tapvc) I suspect this is what you are asking.
Congenital defects. Some of the more frequent congenital heart defects include atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and valvular stenosis or atresia. The most common complex heart defect is tetralogy of Fallot, which is a combination of four defects.
Mist common. Bicuspid aortic valve is thought to be present in 2% of the population. Other forms of chd are present in 0.8% of live births, most common are ventricular septal defects, then pulmonary stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, and atrial septal defects. Hope this answers your question.
ASD and VSD. Atrial and ventricular septal defects are some of the most common. Mild problems with the valves are common too. In fact, small ventricular septal defects are, according to some studies, the most common congenital birth defect in all people. As always, consult with a cardiologist if you/someone you know is concerned about something.
Many & none. There could be no symptoms. Other times shortness of breath, poor circulation, arrythmias or murmurs may be present. An echocardiogram is the best first test.
Lots of symptoms. Can be related to chd. Rhythm problems, dizziness, fainting, water accumulation in legs or torso, difficulty breathing, nightly cough, weakness..... And lots more.
Vsd very common. A ventricular septal defect, a hole in the wall between the 2 lower chambers, is fairly common. Prevention would involve avoiding medications during pregnancy and taking prenatal vitamins.
CHD. Congenital heart disease occurs in less than 1% of births. Simple defects such as ventricular septal defect are most common. There is no 'prevention' of congenital defects that is currently known.
Emphasize normality. Depending upon the severity of the heart disease, there may be physical limitations. Try to emphasize what they can do rather than what they cannot. Most children recognize their limitations and do not require reminders. They should be allowed to be children. They also require the same discipline that children without heart disease require.
I was wondering what are the biochemical processes that cause Down syndrome people to be more prone to congenital heart diseases?
Unknown. The heart is a very complex organ. We still do not fully understand how the normal heart develops in the fetus. We understand even less about what causes the heart to develop abnormally. Although 40-50% of patients with Down syndrome have congenital heart dis., and we know what causes down syndrome, we do not yet understand why this leads to heart defects (likely due to abnormal gene expression).
One~4%both~6-8. Chd is polygenic= influenced by multiple genes and not directly passed on. The type of the parents chd is not necessarily one seen in the offspring.
Roughly 2-3% The most commonly quoted number is that for every 1, 000 babies born approximately 8 will have some form of congenital heart disease (chd). When a parent has chd the chance of offspring having heart disease will vary depending on which parent is affected (mom or dad) and what defect is present but a good general average is 2-3% chance (meaning there is a 97-98% chance of no heart disease).