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Please help! what is the etiology of bladder cancer?

1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Carlos Encarnacion
Internal Medicine - Oncology

In brief: Many

Occupational exposures (metal, rubber, leather, textile, concrete, and electrical workers as well as painters, miners, and certain manufacturing jobs) account for 20% of cases.
Less commonly, exposure to radiation or the chemo agent Cyclophosphamide can lead to urothelial cancer. By far (50%) the main risk factor is smoking. Yet another lovely gift from the tobacco companies. Please don't smoke!

In brief: Many

Occupational exposures (metal, rubber, leather, textile, concrete, and electrical workers as well as painters, miners, and certain manufacturing jobs) account for 20% of cases.
Less commonly, exposure to radiation or the chemo agent Cyclophosphamide can lead to urothelial cancer. By far (50%) the main risk factor is smoking. Yet another lovely gift from the tobacco companies. Please don't smoke!
Dr. Carlos Encarnacion
Dr. Carlos Encarnacion
Thank
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