Depends on the. Surgery. If it is a minimally invasive fusion, you may only need Percocet or something along those lines. If it is something more invasive, such as an open anterior approach with a discectomy, you may need patient controlled analgesia which often consists of IV morphine or something along those lines. Hope this helps!
Cervical spine. Really any kind depends on the surgeon and the level of pain. Most surgeons try to avoid nsaids.
It varies. It varies in part based upon the nature of the surgery and the tolerance of the patient. Most of the time we use a narcotic and a muscle relaxer to control pain and spasm postoperatively. Thank you for the question.