Genetic defect. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by a mutation in one of several genes that codes for cardiac contractile proteins (sarcomeric proteins.) typically, these are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. Spontaneous mutations do occur. Over 50% of people have an affected parent, but disease expression is variable.
Not acquired. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by mutations of the proteins that make up the contractile apparatus of the heart, in general. That means it is not something you "get." generally, if you have the genetic makeup to cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, you should have evidence (abnormal echocardiogram) by 43 years of age, so if you have a normal echocardiogram you aren't going to develop hcm.
Not necessarily. Only if you have a family history of a relative who has suffered from sudden cardiac death, or you yourself have a heart murmur, or been diagnosed with heart failure or a significant cardiac rhythm disturbance do you need to be tested for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Why do you ask? If you have a first degree relative with it, yes. If you have possible cardiac symptoms, you should have a cardiac evaluation regardless.
Athlete. The american academy of pediatrics and american heart association have screening guidelines for athletes. If you have a family history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or unexplained sudden death in the family, then evaluation for this process is warranted. You child should undergo a sports clearance physical by his doctor who can discuss this with you.
No, unless... If they have a first degree relative with hcm their risk is high and they should be evaluated. Otherwise if they have never had chest pain, palpitations or fainting with exercise, their risk is low.
Yes. In some cases this may be an option, but the details should be discussed with one's personal doctor.
Yes. If you mean a heart transplant. The criteria would be more focused on the degree of heart failure which is life limiting.
My family has 3 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, my daughter is going to have a baby can the baby get it?
If parent has it 50% The risk of a child having hypertrophic cardiomyopathy if one of your parents has the disease is 50%.
Guy I train with recently died suddenly from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Trainer says we should get tested, why risk it. But my doctor wont order it?
Hocm. Hocm is a hereditary condition which is diagnosed by good history and physical and is not cost effective to do routine echo on every patient.
Not contagious. This is a rare condition with some genetic linkage. You can't catch it like the flu. Your trainer should concentrate on what s/he knows, not act like they know anything about the disorder. Does CYA ring a bell??
If a person has hypertrophic cardiomyopathy & the heart suddenly stops, would a defibrillator get the heart started again? Will they need transplant?
Not applicable. If the heart stops, this is termed asystole, and defibrillation (shock) is not used when heart is in asystole (no matter the condition). If the heart goes into an arrhythmia (abnormal rhythm) that causes critically low blood pressure, then defibrillation can be used to possibly restart the heart. Heart transplant is indicated for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with refractory heart failure.
Hypertrophic. In most cases defibrillator should be able to restart it provided that it is done immediately, transplant is needed more rarely.
IT IS A DISEASE OF. Your heart musclein which a part of the heart muscle is thickened or hypertrophied without any obvious cause. It is better known for causing silent, sudden cardiac death in otherwise healthy young people and athletes. Younger people are likely to have a more severe form of hcm. It is frequently free of symptoms until sudden cardiac death, and for this reason some suggest screening these youngsters.
HCM. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick, and obstruction to outflow may occur. Arrhythmias may occur as well. It is commonly inherited, first degree relatives should be screened. Patients may have severe symptoms, or no symptoms at all. It is a common cause of death in young athletes who seemed completely healthy.