What is dysplasia?

Bad + formation. The term is derived from the greek roots dys= bad & plassein =to form.It has been applied to situations where body parts didn't develop properly during pregnancy or after birth. Bony dysplasia= bones formed wrong. It is also applied to situations where the bad formation occurs later= tumors where a normal tissue converts to a new "bad"pattern of growth.
Meaning varies. This word, a favorite of dr. Papanicolaou who discovered the pap smear test, means abnormal growth. Most often, it means cells that look abnormal, as if they may give rise to a cancer but have not done so yet. If used in reference to a birth defect, it's a malformation often of bone, kidney, or an artery.

Related Questions

What causes dysplasia of cervix?

Human Papillomavirus. The most common cause of dysplasia of the uterine cervix is human papillomavirus (hpv). There are several hundred types, but 6, 11, 16, 18, 32, and 33 are the most common. It is a pre-cursor to the development of cancer. However, with cervical cytology (pap smears), people with low grade dysplasia (lgsil) rarely progress, while patients with hgsil will have excision (cone biopsy). Read more...

What's bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Lung scarring. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a condition of airway & lung scarring that occurs in premi's & micro premi's during their prolonged need for ventilation or oxygen in those critical weeks. Xrays are seen to gradually change to show the characteristic patterns that correlate with pathology seen under the microscope when a kid doesn't survive. Read more...
Immature infant lung. Etiology of bpd or chronic lung disease is usually immature lung or infection with subsequent changes due to therapy with high oxygen and high vent pressures. BPD through different stages as characterized on chest radiographs, dense lungs, cystic changes, secretions and volume loss.Some children have mild disease with usually asthma.More severe, oxygen support, very severe may heart failure . Read more...

What is dysplasia? Any clear and easy example to explain this pathology term? I am so blur with metaplasia

Dysplasia. Dysplasia is a premalignant change in the cells typically of the cervix or endocervix. These cells have made the first step towards becoming cancer cells. Metaplasia refers to changes of the mucosa (lining cells of an organ) in a part of the body to a different type of mucosa that is not normally see in that location. This is not malignant but an adaptive change due to trauma or inflammation. Read more...

What is skeletal dysplasia?

Abnormal bones. Skeletal dysplasias represent abnormal structure and development of bones. Some are genetic in their development. Dysplasia is classified according to part of bone affected, epiphysis, metaphysis, or diaphysis Bone deformities can develop and often dwarfism is result of bone dysplasia. Read more...

What is skeletal dysplasia and what are the symptoms?

Dwarfism. Skeletal dysplasia is any of more than 200 conditions that result in the abnormal size and shape of bones and consequent disproportionately short stature, commonly called "dwarfism.". Read more...
Let me help. Dwarfism is a commonly used term for disproportionately short stature, although a more medically appropriate term for this disorder is skeletal dysplasia.Read more below. Thanks. Read more...

What is cleidocranial dysplasia?

Bone disease.. Cleidocranial dysplasia is a condition that primarily affects the development of the bones and teeth. It can be inherited from one affected parent, or be a new mutation in an affected individual. It is important for a patient with this disease to see a geneticist. They can help coordinate care with other specialists (bone doctors, dentists) for this disease. Read more...

What is cervical dysplasia?

Definition/causes. Cervical dysplasia = abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix that are seen underneath a microscope. Causes: most are due to the human papilloma viruses (hpv). Other risks = giving birth before age 16, smoking, immune difficiency, multiple sexual partners, and having sex before age 18 etc.. Increase your risk of cervical dysplasia.. Consult your doc... Good luck.. Read more...
HPV. Cervical dysplasia is caused by the virus hpv. This just means that there is a cytologic change from a normal cell to something that needs to be closely monitored. Read more...
Abnormal cells. This is complicated so stay with me. Hpv is a virus that can infect cells on the cervix. When hpv gets into the cell it can cause the cell to make abnormal proteins. This makes the cell look different under the microscope. If the infection progresses, the cells can become cancerous. This is rare but dysplasia should be addressed. It can go away on its own in some cases. Others need treatment. Read more...

What causes Cervical dysplasia?

Usually HPV virus. Dysplasia is one of the early steps in mucosal transformation. The phenotypic structure of the mucosal cells begins to transform toward malignant phenotype and can be picked up on Pap. With newer monoclonals defining the immunogenic protein characterizing cervical Ca changes, normal mucosal cells can be shown to expression tumor protein even though the cells look normal, the ImmunoPap. Read more...