Are there any antibiotics that can be used to treat clostridium difficile infection?

Flagyl or Vancomycin. C. Difficile colitis almost always occurs when another oral antibiotic, used to treat a different infection, wipes out normal gut bacteria. Patients who develop c.Diff colitis should stop taking that initial oral antibiotic. Treatment is usually with Metronidazole (flagyl) or vancomycin (vancocin). For severe cases, doctors may prefer vanco. Newer drugs are available if this treatment fails.
Yes. Flagyl, vancomycin or fidaxomicin are the antibiotics usually used to kill c. Difficile overgrowth in the colonic lumen.
Yes&alternatively... Metronidazole or vancomycin by mouth. The newer drug (though very expensive) is fidaxomicin. However, in severe cases, the infected colon must be removed by surgery. Emerging as an alternative method to antibiotics is stool transplantation where stool from a close partner can be used to repopulate the normal flora of a c difficile infected patient (gough et al. Clin infect dis. 2011;53:994-1002).

Related Questions

What is clostridium difficile infection rate of spread?

Depends. It depends on how sick the initial patient is, how sick the exposed patients are, and how aware of infection control the care providers are. In wards where it is allowed to run wild, it can spread throughout the entire ward in a matter of days. Read more...

What sort of disease is a clostridium difficile infection?

Colon infection. Clostridium difficile infection is a growing epidemic where the colon is infected by a bacteria called, you guessed it, clostridium difficile. Although some people may be asymptomatic, it usually causes diarrhea and can lead to a life-threatening condition called megacolon. Treatment of late has become more and more complicated due to antibiotic resistance. Seek an md if you have this. Read more...

What are the tests for clostridium difficile infection?

C. diff. Both the bacterial toxin and the gene coding for the toxin can be found in the diarrheal stool. Additionally, the diarrhea has a peculiar mousy/musty aroma. Read more...

What are the symptoms of clostridium difficile infection?

Fever diarrhea. C. Difficile is a common bacteria that causes problems when the norm/friendly gut bacteria is weakened or gone due to antibiotics usually. Symptoms are abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, often with blood present. It can be a serious and even deadly infection, so please get checked if you have these symptoms. Read more...

What is the incidence of clostridium difficile infection in the us?

C.Diff. Approximately 20% of individuals who are hospitalized acquire c difficile during hospitalization, and more than 30% of these patients develop diarrhea. Thus, c difficile colitis is currently one of the most common nosocomial infections. Read more...
Variable. C. Difficile is implicated in 10-30% of people with hospital associated diarrhea. Incidence varies but c. Difficile colitis in acute-care hospitals increased from 30-40 cases per 100, 000 population in the 1990's to 84 per 100, 000 by 2005. Read more...