Lung chemical. This is an essential substance that lines the airspaces in the lung, and by a minor biological miracle prevents the bigger ones from explanding and making the smaller ones deflate. It may be given to premature babies who cannot make enough on their own.
Lung cell secretions. Surfactants are substances secreted by certain cells of the lung, named Type II cells, that aid in reducing surface tension at the surface of the alveoli, the tiny air sacs of the lung that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. As the lungs mature in the fetus during pregnancy, the Type II cells increase their secretion and turnover of surfactant to mature the lungs in premature infants with ^ GA.
Critical. Surfactant keeps your lungs from collapsing, effectively defying the laws of surface physics to allow your air spaces to remain open and bring gas to and from your blood.
Helpspreemiesbreathe. Premature infants often do not have enough surfactant at birth. This surfactant is made by everyone to help keep the alveoli open to facilitate gas exchange. Sometimes a surfactant needs to be administered by endotracheal tube to the lungs to help tide the infant over until the infant makes enough-1-2 days. There is surfactant derived from cow and pigs lung. There is also a synthetic surfactant.
Keep air sacs open. Surfactants, which are made by the body and are also available as a medication for babies who are deficient in them (usually premie), coat the inside of the tiny air sacs in the lung and keep them open when you exhale. Just like a collapsed balloon is hard to inflate, a collapsed air sac is hard to open. When it doesn't close completely, it's easier to open with the next breath.
Prevent collapse. Surfactant keeps the alveoli open during the expiratory phase of breathing. It reduces the amount of work needed for breathing.
Surfactant deficienc. We build our lungs in stages like building a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after air breathing starts. Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so many will deflate leading to distress. Assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfacta.