What is transplant surgery?

Organ replacement. . Transplant surgery means replacing solid organs or tissues that have failed and no longer function. The most common are the kidneys, liver, heart. Lung, pancreas, and small bowel. The new organs come from other patients that have died or a living person can give one of their kidneys to another. The corneas of the eyes are the most common tissues replaced.

Related Questions

What type of transplant surgery is the most difficult/time consuming?

It depends. Sometimes more that one organ replacement is needed i.E heart and lungs together or liver and intestine together. More organs, larger surgical procedure, usually more complicated. Read more...

What surgeons do eye transplant surgery?

None. Eye transplants are not yet feasible, even with potent antirejection drugs. The optic nerve connections are not capable of transmitting visual impulses even if the actual procedural steps were performed. Corneal transplants are commonly done as needed for corneal scarring or diseases, and cataract removal and new lens placement is routine, but no eye transplants! Read more...

What is kidney transplantation surgery like for the recipient of the kidney?

Well tolerated. Since the placement of the transplanted kidney is superficial in the above the groin area in the lower abdomen, the surgery is easier than the donor's surgery and has a short healing time. Usually the recipient leaves the hospital before the donor in the living-donor transplant. The newly placed kidney starts making urine usually in the operating room after being connected. Read more...
Walking next day. Most people in need of kidney transplantation are used to operations because of dialysis. This type of txp is a moderate sized operation - 3 structures to connect (artery, vein + ureter). Recovery depends on how poorly conditioned the pt was to begin with (can you at least walk 1 block without stopping?) and whether the kidney starts working right away. The usual hospital stay is now 3-6 days. Read more...

What is the sucess rate of aheart transplant surgery?

Excellent 1 year. While it depends a bit on some co-morbidities of the recipients, recent analysis is that unadjusted heart graft survival at 1 year is 88%; 5 years 73%, and 10 years 52%. Some of the reasons that grafts are lost over time relate to other diseases and infections. Read more...

Can animal organs be used for human transplant surgery?

Good question . That has been a topic of continued research for decades. Unfortunately animal or xenotransplants, cause very severe rejection and would not last long. The future holds the promise of genetically engineering such animal organs so they will not trigger severe rejection. Today pig hear valves can be altered so they can be maintained in a human. Read more...
Xenotransplantation . They have been used but not very often and not with very much success. Xenotransplantation has been one of the holy grails of transplant surgery since its inception. Through genetic modification of porcine donors, however, researchers are getting closer to mitigating the violent antibody response that is one of the major roadblocks. Read more...

What is the definition or description of: transplant surgery?

Txp surgery+ immunos. Transplant surgeons are fully trained in general surgery and have spent additional years training how to technically perform organ transplants. They also know the medicine and immunology of treating patients with immunosuppression. Remember that it is one thing to surgically remove an organ (if it is diseased), but very tough to remove it + keep it healthy enough to be used in another person. Read more...

How did organ transplant surgery come to be?

In the imagination. It was in the imagination centuries ago. Read the legend of saints cosmas and damian in the 3rd century a.D, and see the paintings of the sacrastant with the leg of the moor--can find on google. Read more...
Identical twin first. First successes were in identical twins, one of whom was healthy and the other had kidney failure. Since their genes (dna) were the same, no rejection would occur and their was no need for immunosuppression which had not yet been developed. So, kidney transplant was first successful in humans in 1954. Liver + heart transplants were first successful in 1967. Read more...

Can someone pass through organ transplant surgery?

Death is uncommon. All organ transplants are major operations under general anesthesia, both of which have real intraoperative risks. The amount of risk varies with the type of transplant. Heart, liver and lung transplants are the riskiest. Kidney transplantation has the lowest risk. Overall, the degree of risk also varies with the underlying health and age of the patient. Read more...

Is there such a thing as voice transplant surgery?

Yes, sort of. A larynx transplant is a type of vascularized composite allograft transplant. It puts a new larynx or voice box in you. The first was done in 1998 at the cleveland clinic. Read more...
Laryngeal transplant. The larynx can be transplanted in certain very select cases. Read more...