13 doctors weighed in:

How do you know you have a hiatal hernia?

13 doctors weighed in
Dr. Carlo Contreras
Surgery - Oncology
6 doctors agree

In brief: Scope vs X-ray

There are multiple ways to make this diagnosis, but the most common ways are upper endoscopy (a camera inserted into your mouth and stomach) or some type of x-ray.
Often you will drink a dye and have an "esophagram" test. Ct scans can often show large hiatal hernias as well, but may not show a small one. Talk to your doctor to see what's best for you.

In brief: Scope vs X-ray

There are multiple ways to make this diagnosis, but the most common ways are upper endoscopy (a camera inserted into your mouth and stomach) or some type of x-ray.
Often you will drink a dye and have an "esophagram" test. Ct scans can often show large hiatal hernias as well, but may not show a small one. Talk to your doctor to see what's best for you.
Dr. Carlo Contreras
Dr. Carlo Contreras
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Dr. David Earle
Surgery
3 doctors agree

In brief: Tests

Small hiatal hernias usually don't cause any problem, or could be responsible for reflux symptoms.
Large hiatal hernias can cause anemia, chest pain, and difficulty eating. They are typically diagnosed with an upper GI contrast study and/or upper endoscopy. The X-ray study can be ordered by primary care, the upper endoscopy is done by a gastroenterologist (GI). Hope this helps!

In brief: Tests

Small hiatal hernias usually don't cause any problem, or could be responsible for reflux symptoms.
Large hiatal hernias can cause anemia, chest pain, and difficulty eating. They are typically diagnosed with an upper GI contrast study and/or upper endoscopy. The X-ray study can be ordered by primary care, the upper endoscopy is done by a gastroenterologist (GI). Hope this helps!
Dr. David Earle
Dr. David Earle
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In brief: Symptoms and tests

Most patients notice the symptoms first.
Most commonly these are heartburn and occasionally dysphagia, a sensation of food getting stuck on the way down. Regurgitation or throat soreness can occur also. With very large hernias, chest discomfort or pain and difficulty breathing can occur. Diagnosis is made with one or more of the following: barium swallow, upper endoscopy (EGD) and CAT scan.

In brief: Symptoms and tests

Most patients notice the symptoms first.
Most commonly these are heartburn and occasionally dysphagia, a sensation of food getting stuck on the way down. Regurgitation or throat soreness can occur also. With very large hernias, chest discomfort or pain and difficulty breathing can occur. Diagnosis is made with one or more of the following: barium swallow, upper endoscopy (EGD) and CAT scan.
Dr. Michael Sawyer
Dr. Michael Sawyer
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In brief: Reflux

The best way to diagnose is emdoscopy or x-rays.

In brief: Reflux

The best way to diagnose is emdoscopy or x-rays.
Dr. Scott Grover
Dr. Scott Grover
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