Yes. Cancer that causes jaundice may originate from the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, small bowel, or pancreas. Other tumors start in other locations and spread to the areas I just mentioned. Typically these types of tumors are aggressive and can ultimately cause death if they are not effectively treated. Talk to an oncologist to find out more.
Terminology problem. Several cancers can lead to jaundice, and the prognosis depends upon the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer, but there is no "jaundice cancer." however, cancers that have jaundice associated with them are frequently very serious and can be fatal.
? Liver Cancer. If you meant to say liver cancer, yes, it usually kills the patient. Metastatic cancer in the liver almost always kills.