Migraine causes. Because migraine headaches can be localized around the eyes & because visual symptoms (spots/patterns etc) are often associated with migraines, the assumption often made is that the eyes are the cause of migraine. In truth, the eyes are responsible for migraines in the minority of sufferers. The tendency to suffer migraines can be hereditary in nature. Many triggers have been identified.
Yes. For most patients, with or without a prodrome or aura, the migraine will occur in either a frontal or temporal area on one side of the head. Pain around the eye with or without photophobia, is typical but not required to classify the headache as a migraine. Still, headaches that are bilateral or in the occipital region are much less likely to be migraines. See your doctor for a diagnosis.