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Doctor insights on: Wiki Anthrax

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How deadly is anthrax?

How deadly is anthrax?

Very: Skin, gastrointestinal and pulmonary anthrax are increasingly deadly in the order listed. Pulmonary anthrax, once it becomes apparent, is lethal in almost all cases. ...Read more

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How can anthrax (disease) survive?

How can anthrax (disease) survive?

Spores: The bacteria can encase themselves in a very touch coat that makes them basically indestructable. They can stay in the soil for centuries. ...Read more

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Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Prevent- vaccination: Biothrax is an acellular anthrax vaccine which is used in the United States for prevention of anthrax. ...Read more

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How is anthrax transmitted?

Air-borne: Anthrax is an air-borne illness. These spores can live in sheeps wool and get into the body by inhalation. ...Read more

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What is anthrax?

What is anthrax?

Bacterial infection: Infectious disease caused by bacteria called bacillus anthracis. Called woolsorter's disease because those at highest risk work around hoofed animals such as sheep, cattle, goats. Infection in humans most often involves the skin, gastrointestinal tract, or lungs. Can be treated with certain antibiotics. Can be fatal if not treated. ...Read more

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I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

Vaccine available: A vaccine is available and you should consult your doctor to determine need for it and your suitability as a recipient. Please note that you are more likely to get hit by lightening than get anthrax from a terrorist attack. ...Read more

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Is anthrax severe?

Can be: Pulmonary anthrax can be deadly within days. Other forma, not so problamatic but worthy of agressive treatment. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What are the scientific names for septicemic plague and pneumonic plague?

What are the scientific names for  septicemic plague and pneumonic plague?

They are...: The medical terms to characterize aspects of infection caused by the plague bacillus, Yersinia pestis. Septicemic means that the organism has caused a sepsis syndrome and the pneumonic means infection in the lung. Lung infection with plague can spread from person to person. ...Read more

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Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage , depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system , mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Anthrax vaccine: Although much has been written in the lay press about it, the current anthrax vaccine is safe. The most common side effect, like most vaccines, is injection site pain. ...Read more

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How contagious is anthrax?

Not easily passed: Anthrax is passed thru:contact of the spores on the skin producing a skin ulcer, inhalation of spores into the lung producing inhalation anthrax; ingestion of spore containing food producing throat/gi anthrax. It is not spread from on person to another.Anthrax is notorius as a bioterrorism agent (2001), anthrax is not going to go around like a flu. ...Read more

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How dangerous is respiratory anthrax nowadays?

How dangerous is respiratory anthrax nowadays?

Very dangerous: Inhalation anthrax death rate is estimated to be approximately 75% with treatment. Prior to development of aggressive treatments the death rate was more like 99%. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology diagram of community acquired pneumonia?

What is the pathophysiology diagram of community acquired pneumonia?

CAP: You may be confusing "pathophysiology" with the defining features of cap. This is pneumonia in a person who has not been in contact with medical facilities in contrast to pneumonias which occur in hospital, nursing homes, etc. They generally occur by aspiration of microorganisms from the mouth or nasopharynx into the lung, often in people with prior viral illnesses or other predisposing factors. ...Read more

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Doctors, what is the difference between bacillus cereus, bacillus subtilis, and bacillus licheniformis?

Different species: These are different species in the genus bacillus. Anthrax bacillus is also in the same genus. You may Google each term to learn about their characteristics. ...Read more

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What microbe causes hydrophobia (rabies)?

What microbe causes hydrophobia (rabies)?

Lyssavirus: Rabies viruses are in the genus of Lyssavirus ...Read more

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Why is plasmodium vivax and ovale called tertian malaria?

Why is plasmodium vivax and ovale called tertian malaria?

Type of Malaria: This a form of Malaria caused by Pasmodium vivax and ovale in which febrile paroxysms occur every 48 hours Vivax Malaria is difficult to cure as relapses are common. Ovale is caused by P Ovale and is milder and easy to treat Both are treated with Chloroquin ...Read more

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Is anthrax always fatal?

No: It can be treated with penicillin and other antibiotics. The pulmonary form of anthrax is the form most likely to be fatal. ...Read more

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Where does streptococcus pneumoniae live?

Normal companion: There are many strains of this familiar microbe, and it's likely that you're carrying one or more in your own oral flora. ...Read more