Doctor insights on:
Why Is Meningitis Dangerous
Depends on agent: Meningitis is defined as an inflamation (generally caused by infection) of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord. The agent may be bacterial (like strep/staph/meningococcus); viral, fungal or parocitic. Some viral cases are mild & resolve without special rx. Most bacterial are deadly if untreated & may damage even with rx. Fungal & paracitic causes are also deadly & often harder to rx. ...Read more
Happy germs: The damage caused by various germs will very with their aggressive nature. In short, they like the food/drink they find eating through your brain. Since there are no other germs around to compete with, they feed, reproduce and feed some more. Many types form puss pockets in and over the surface of the brain. At some point, they do enough damage to important structures & the untreated patient dies ...Read more
CAN BE TREATED/:
Pnumocococcal meningitis if treated appropriately and early without delay has good prognosis with full recovery.70to80% get full recovery without any complications.
Rest have one or more of the following complications
hydrocephalus. ...Read more
Potentially fatal: Although we have seen a great reduction of the bacterial meningitis frequency in the us since the introduction of the hib vaccine in the '90's, bacterial meningitis does still occur and may be devastating. It is more common in unvaccinated populations & includes several agents. The case fatality & complication rate varies with the germ and how quickly treatment is started. ...Read more
Meningitis 2 yrs ago, always worry of getting sick again. Was in classroom full of kids, not close to them. Can I get sick just by standing in there?
Germ transfer: We usually acquire germs is through random events. Some germs can be airborne in droplets (cough), but most come from saliva transferred to surfaces like doorknobs, desk tops, etc. Adults randomly touch their face/nose 6 or more times/hr which leads to transfer of germs from fingers to face or mouth. From there they enter & begin the exposure process. Better hand washing or sanitizers can help you ...Read more
LP: When meningitis is suspected one needs to look at the spinal fluid. First get a ct of the head in most cases to exclude a mass lesion or abcess in the brain. Then a spinal tap is performed. The pressure of the fluid is checked as well as the fluid itself for excess proteine, low sugar, the presence of blood or excessive white blood cells and bacteria. Test / culture for fungi, bacteria ; viruses. ...Read more
Not specificly: Heredity dose play a role in some forms of immune deficiency. Children with an inherited immune defects are more at risk for meningitis & other severe infections. Some may be more prone to specific germs than others. Some are less successful at fighting an infection if they occur. That said, meningitis is not passed like eye color or sickle cell. ...Read more
Meningitis Symptoms: The most common symptoms of meningitis are headache and neck stiffness associated with fever, confusion, decreased consciousness, vomiting, and an inability to tolerate light or loud noises. Children often exhibit only nonspecific symptoms, such as irritability and drowsiness. A rash may be present in some types of meningitis especially caused by Meningococcal bacteria. ...Read more
See your doctor.: Definitive test is spinal tap and doctor will determine need. ...Read more
Which kind?: The answer depends on what kind of meningitis you are referring to: bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, viral meningitis, parasitic meningitis & non-infectious meningitis. I’ll provide info for viral meningitis. The virus is spread person to person (fecal, respiratory secretions). However, just because you become infected with the virus doesn’t mean that you will actually develop meningitis. ...Read more
All Children: There are actually 3 meningitis vaccines. Two, Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) (pneumococcal) and hib (haemophilus), are typically given at 2, 4 and 6 months old, with a booster at 15 months old. The Meningococcal vaccine is given at 11 and 16 years old, but is also recommended for younger children if they are considered higher risk. ...Read more
There is treatment: Inflammation of the lining of the brain is considered as meningitis. This inflammation can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, chemicals, etc. Once the condition is diagnosed and the agent identified, an appropriate treatment can get rid of the condition. Followup studies can then show that the condition was "cured". Some can recur or become chronic. ...Read more
Possibly: Although not entirely sure of what is meant by 'walking meniningitis', assuming that it is viral (or chronic tuberculous or fungal or cancer), the viral infection and TB and fungus can sometimes be transmitted person to person but may not cause meningitis. It would be usual, not to say that it is impossible. ...Read more
Cerebral malaria: Yes. It is a very lethal infection with mortality as high upto 80% with best clinical setting. The key to save lives are avoiding mosquito bites, recognising the early signs and symptoms of malaria and initiating treatment at the earliest. Lastly, anticipating complications like cerebral malaria and treating aggressively. ...Read more
NASOPAHARYNS: Nose and pharynx (space etwen maouth and back of the nose. ...Read more
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