Doctor insights on:
Why Is It Important For Bladder Cancer Patients To Be Monitored For A Lifetime
Bladder cancer: Bladder cancer is categorized by its grade and stage. Non-invasive tumors have a tendency to recur. If found early they generally can be removed cystoscopically. The surveillance protocol is designed to catch the tumors before they become high grade or stage. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Early detection: There is only one widely used marker for prostate cancer which is psa. Prostate cancer is a potentially devastating disease that is best managed when caught early, a benefit for screening. Prostate cancer in its early stages generally causes no symptoms and thus may only be detected with a blood test or rectal exam. Debate, however, exists for which men should undergo treatment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: It may be important for a person seeking care for cancer. However, cancer is a large group of diseases, and doing research in one area would not provide an advantage in treating other cancers. If the illness is not cancer, e.g., heart disease, cancer research credentials would not be relevant. ...Read more
Highly unusual...: ...But not unheard of. There are a select few reports of fetuses who developed exceedingly rare lung tumors during gestation. Practically speaking, the overwhelming majority of lung cancers occur in adults and have genetic, environmental, and other causes, many of which only present themselves much later in life. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Rare, not impossible: Nothing is impossible 14 year old boys have a prostate, and any organ can get cancer it would be extremely rare and likely the source of a journal article in a patient that young, it would most likely be a rhabdomyosarcoma, not a traditional adenocarcinoma. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I have seen one case: In 35 years of practice focused on lung cancer, so it is very rare. We call cancers from their source of origin because it helps us decide how to manage the problem and what the outlook is. A "lung cancer" in an adolescent would be so outside the norm, we would not have those answers. One must be sure it is not lymphoma, germ cell tumor, or metastasis from another place. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Milan criteria: Most transplant programs adhere to some form of the milan criteria that restrict transplants to persons with one tumor<5 cm, up to 3 tumors<3cm, no extrahepatic disease, and no vascular invasion. Size is a marker for vascular invasion. Some programs have adjusted these criteria. Some tumors not amenable to transplant may nevertheless be resected (removed) surgically. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Versed: The colonoscopy procedure will be fairly quick, but patients do need some sedation. Versed is frequently used, and is safe. It wears off very quickly also. Patients are carefully monitored and cared for during the procedure and after. They are in a recovery room until all systems are back to baseline. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is dementia hereditary disease? What cautions should be taken to patient in order to live a safe life?
Yes and no: If there is an illness that runs in your family you should speak to your doctor about it. There are many types of dementia. Some of them are genetically passed on while others aren't. The most common type of dementia is alzheimers disease and there are 2 forms. The early onset form is highly heritable. Alcoholic dementia is not inherited though a propensity for alcohol dependence can be. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is it worth taking the 4k test for possible prostate issues, it is recommended by my Urologist....much more to the story ?
4k: It is a relatively new blood test which will give you an idea if you have a prostate biopsy whether you would have an aggressive or mild form of prostate cancer. It is not covered by insurance and only certain labs will run this test. Just make sure you know the costs and where it can be done. ...Read more
Does a new diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma add points to the meld score of a cirrhosis patient? Patient is going to be evaluate for transplant. Hepatologist has not started testing to see if hcc is primary or a metastasis? Shouldn't they be doing
Usually: A diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma often adds "tumor exception points" to the meld score. Unlike most cancers, hepatocellular cancer can be diagnosed based on imaging and laboratory findings without a biopsy. A tumor usually has to reach 2 centimeters in size before it affects the meld score. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
More and more consensus that mental health inpatients should be treated as near to home as possible, but what is the evidence for this?
The bladder is a muscular organ in the pelvis that accepts urine from the kidneys, stores the urine at low pressure, & expels the urine during voluntary voiding. Though seemingly a simple reservoir, the bladder is a complex organ intricately connected with the brain and spinal cord with sensory, motor, and autonomic circuits. The muscular layer that contracts during voids ...Read more
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