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Doctor insights on: Why Is Glucose Excreted Through Your Urine In Diabetic Nephropathy

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Why is glucose excreted through your urine in diabetic nephropathy?

Why is glucose excreted through your urine in diabetic nephropathy?

Sugar in the urine: When your blood sugar is too high, your kidneys, which filter your blood, are not able to hold onto all the glucose and it spills over into the urine. ...Read more

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Urine (Definition)

Urine is the product of the kidneys, which is produced to eliminate the waste products of metabolism, manage body fluid balance, &maintain acid-base balance. The blood is first filtered by the kidneys, and the composition of the resulting fluid is then altered depending on the body's needs. It is composed of mostly water, and breakdown products from blood cells impart ...Read more


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How to know if blood circulation through the body is ok esp kidney.R serum Cr N random urine test sufficient to check kidney functioning?

How to know if blood circulation through the body is ok esp kidney.R serum Cr N random urine test sufficient to check kidney functioning?

Usually a: serum BUN/Cr and basic urinalysis/sediment will demonstrated if there are any concerning kidney issues going on. Remember kidney dysfunction/disease has many causes beyond just appropriate circulation of blood; as in you can have good blood flow and still have kidney disease. ...Read more

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Can ketones in urine mean diabetes?

Can ketones in urine mean diabetes?

No : A blood sugar of > 200 and urine containing glucose and ketones are essentially diagnostic in patients with mostly type 1 diabetes. However, anyone can have ketones in urine resulting from illness, prolonged fasting, or certain diets. ...Read more

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What is the Best way to monitor kidney functioning in type 1 diabetics?? Microalbumin urine tests or simple creatinine / cystatin-C?

What is the Best way to monitor kidney functioning in type 1 diabetics?? Microalbumin urine tests or simple creatinine / cystatin-C?

Here are some...: Annual urinalysis + serum creatinine & BUN are easiest and simplest for such. Meanwhile, working on healthy lifestyle without overindulgence & obsession is the foundation for all care/longevity. More? Peruse articles listed in http://www.formefirst.com/onDealSickness.html, http://www.formefirst.com/onLifeBasics.html, & http://www.formefirst.com/eMagicPowerUHL.html. Thereby you learn more on how-to ...Read more

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Can symptoms of nondiabetic renal glycosuria happen only in the evening? (invert sleep cycle too) see nephrologist soon, +ketostix urine=sweet smell

Can symptoms of nondiabetic renal glycosuria happen only in the evening? (invert sleep cycle too) see nephrologist soon, +ketostix urine=sweet smell

This doesn't add up: Non-diabetic renal glycosuria (i.e., the kidney spills glucose despite normal blood levels) doesn't produce symptoms. Urine odor doesn't reflect glucose levels at all reliably. Ketostix often yield +1 for no reason, or because you're hungry. With dysautonomia and gastroparesis, is there perhaps a misunderstanding, with diabetes a possibility? You have a right to full information. ...Read more

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How often one should check for high potassium if he is diabetic?Pot-5.8 creatini-76 sodium-141 hba1c-8.8. No urine sugar ketons. Med not causing pot

How often one should check for high potassium if he is diabetic?Pot-5.8  creatini-76 sodium-141 hba1c-8.8. No urine sugar  ketons. Med not causing pot

Potassium: Potassium can be elevated due to medications such as Enalapril , Lisinopril , also renal failure can do that , uncontrolled diabetes can lead to renal failure, your a1c is 8.8 which suggest that your diabetes is not under control, your doctor may need to repeat this potassium level immediately to see if it continues to increase and then treat it to prevent it from going to a dangerous level, . ...Read more

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Urologist sent me for tests because of kidney stones. Parathyroid hormone level is at 85.8. Calcium in blood is 8.6. What does this mean?

Urologist sent me for tests because of kidney stones. Parathyroid hormone level is at 85.8. Calcium in blood is 8.6. What does this mean?

Kidney stones: I am a little surprised that you have kidney stones with the numbers you present. Calcium is a bit low and PTH a bit high. If the Urologist has not discussed this with you please call him! If the Urologist did discuss this with you but you are still not sure how good or bad this is (independent of kidney stones) , you must see the Urologist. Please let me know what develops. ...Read more

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What should be the healthy blood sugar level in human body??at level it is diabetic??

What should be the healthy blood sugar level in human body??at level it is diabetic??

126: Diabetes is diagnosed with a FASTING blood sugar over 126 or a RANDOM blood sugar over 200. You need to have these abnormal readings at least twice (2 different days) for it to be diabetes. Pre-diabetes is a fasting sugar from 110 - 125 - this indicates that you are at risk for developing diabetes and you should begin diet and exercise to prevent it. ...Read more

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How to reduce creatinine level from 4.9, having protein in urine of 67 mg. Person also have fasting blood sugar of 160 and now slowly coming to normal?

How to reduce creatinine level from 4.9, having protein in urine of 67 mg. Person also have fasting blood sugar of 160 and now slowly coming to normal?

Lowering creatinine: It seems as if this person has diabetes. Apparently, this person has seen a physician. The creatinine (c) is dependent on a person's sex, age, weight and race. To know what the renal function, a 24 hour urine for (c) clearance and protein needs to be done as well as a renal ultrasound. Go to physician and have the glucose controlled. The c may not go down but may not increase with therapy ...Read more

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What might be cause of trace ketones and moderate blood in routine urine sample. NO RBC in urine though. My non-fasting glucose was 102. ?

What might be cause of trace ketones and moderate blood in routine urine sample. NO RBC in urine though. My non-fasting glucose was 102. ?

Few issues: It is abnormal to have blood in thevurine. So this must be accounted for. Now if you are on a period or kidney stones this may account for the blood. But must know the cause. So hydrate well and go back to doctor for another sample to see if the blood is gone. If not you may have to do further testing ...Read more

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What does large amount of protein in my urine mean? UA done at Dr. Used to have consistent blood in urine. Kidney stones in 2012. UA again tomorrow.

What does large amount of protein in my urine mean? UA done at Dr. Used to have consistent blood in urine. Kidney stones in 2012. UA again tomorrow.

Suggests kidney inju: The protein can suggest kidney injury. It can be infammation of the kidney or irritation inyour case by the kidney stones. Your physicians will test you for this. ...Read more

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If my levels of bilirubin and urobilinogen in urine is normal, does this indicate a healthy liver? I'm having routine liver enzyme tests and nervous.

If my levels of  bilirubin and urobilinogen in urine is normal, does this indicate a healthy liver? I'm having routine liver enzyme tests and nervous.

Liver enzymes: While it is encouraging that these urinary tests are normal, they are not enough to ensure that your liver is healthy by themselves. If your doctor recommended routine screening tests of your liver, the blood tests are the only way to go. I would not worry; the vast majority of the people having a routine screening have completely normal liver tests. Good luck. ...Read more

Dr. Jack Rubin
69 doctors shared insights

Diabetic Nephropathy (Definition)

a progressive damaging effects to capillaries in/near glomeruli leading to local inflammatory change and scarring with subsequent malfunction in filtering the blood for reabsorbing useful blood components and excreting the unwanted metabolic wastes, which exact causes are still unclear, though, long-term high blood sugar is the culprit. This is usually a slow ...Read more


Blood Sugar (Definition)

The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels as a part of metabolic homeostasis. Glucose is the primary source of energy for the body's cells, and blood lipids (in the form of fats and oils) are primarily ...Read more