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Why Is Cigarette Smoking A Risk Factor Of Coronary Artery Disease
Smoking Vascular Dz: Smoking accelerates the development of atherosclerosis (plaque formation / cholesterol build-up / formation of blockages) in blood vessels. The exact mechanism is not understood. Studies show that high cholesterol, high blood pressure and cigarette smoking together increase the risk seven times. If you smoke several packs/day for several years, this increases your risk two fold. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
Several: There several risk factors (CRF) for coronary artery disease, some modifiable and some not. Non-modifiable crfs include family history (genetics), sex and age. Some modifiable crfs which can be treated with medications or lifestyle changes include smoking, hypertension, diabetes and cholesterol status, particularly LDL or "bad" cholesterol. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Being worked out: Lp(a) is quite elevated is an independent risk factor that seems to be almost entirely hereditary, and may be managed with a different medication regimen. For the vast majority of us, LDL cholesterol is key, and it's always against the background of other risks. Avoid smoking, stay physically fit and trim, and hope for many years of good health. ...Read more
How probable is a heart attack in a young person with no risk factor but tobacco smoking and no family history of heart problems ?
That would be low: Being low does not mean it is not possible. It takes time for the arteries to get clogged and being young is an advantage as that time has not been there yet, as long as all other risk factors are not present. ...Read more
Increased risk.: Smoking introduces many very carcinogenic compounds into the bloodstream, which is filtered by the kidney. These carcinogens, along with the decreased tissue oxygenation caused by smoking, is theorized to increase the risk of renal cell carcinoma. A meta-analysis of 24 studies (hunt, int j cancer 114:101-108, 2005) showed this significantly increased risk, & it is considered causal by the ussg. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Smoking is #1: Also obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, stress, diabetes, obesity, male gender, age, and family history. You can change all but the last three, so do it! quit smoking and get off your butt! treat the diseases and take time of/meditate/do yoga. This is hugely important, heart disease is the world's #1 killer. ...Read more
Congestive heart failure is a risk factor for:: Atrioventricular block, Blood clot in lung, Ischemic bowel disease, Pleural effusion, Sleep apnea, Transient ischemic attack, Acute atrial fibrillation, Atrial fibrillation, Chronic atrial fibrillation, Abnormal heart rhythms, Embolus, Atrial flutter, Sputum, Phlegm, Deep venous thrombosis, Acute kidney failure. ...Read more
Asthma is a risk factor for:: Anaphylaxis, Atopic dermatitis, Collapsed lung, Conjunctivitis, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Group B streptococcal infection, Nasal polyps, Panic disorder, Pulmonary Aspergillosis, Snoring, Asthma, Eczema, Allergic conjunctivitis, Bronchitis, Psoriasis & Eczema, Food allergy, Allergies, Hay Fever, Scalp psoriasis, Sputum, Phlegm, Esophagitis. ...Read more
Slight bruit over the left femoral artery may be indicative of atherosclerosis. Why this is a risk factor for ischemic heart disease?
May not be.: Bruits, noise, over a blood vessel, has several causes. A common one is plaque build up and narrowing that produces turbulent flow and noise. The presence of plaque anywhere is a sign of atherosclerosis. Ischemic heart disease is related to coronary plaque buildup. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many factors: Are related to heart disease risk including age, cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking diet and activity. While age is the most important when calculating risk, some of the other factors may be more important when contemplating changes that can be made to lower risk. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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