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Doctor insights on: Why Do Preemies Get Infant Hypocalcemia

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Why do preemies get infant hypocalcemia?

Why do preemies get infant hypocalcemia?

Mom and infant : Babies get calcium from mom. Babies born at less than 32 wks gestation abruptly end their "supply" of calcium and it drops after they are born. Up to 70% of these bebies have this problem. Other causes are babies who have low apgar scores and have a low oxygen supply, preemies born to diabetic moms as they have a higher calcuim requirement, also moms with hyperparathyroidism and some seizure meds. ...Read more

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Hypocalcemia (Definition)

Hypocalcemia refers to low measured levels of calcium in the blood. Symptoms of hypocalcemia may include numbness/tinglng of he hands and mouth or cramping. In severe cases, one's ability to think may be impaired. Hypocalcemia may be due to poor diet, vit d deficiency, disorders of the parathryoid ...Read more


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Why do infants get fevers?

Why do infants get fevers?

Infections: Fevers are part of your baby's way to fight off infections. But in infants, fevers can signal a serious infection, like an urinary tract infection or bacteremia, a bacterial blood infection. If your infant has a fever, he or she may need lab tests to determine if they are at risk for these infections. For older children, fevers are not as worrisome, unless they last for longer than 5 days. ...Read more

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Why do infants get gas?

Why do infants get gas?

Gassy tummy: All babies get gassy tummies! in order to grow, babies take in 100 kcal for each kilogram they weigh! this is a lot of hard work on their digestive system. (imagine digesting 7000 calories per day........You would be gassy too!) babies have immature gastrointestinal tracts too. Digestion, and gassiness, often get much better between 4-6 weeks of age. ...Read more

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Why do infants and toddlers get fevers?

Why do infants and toddlers get fevers?

Infection: Infants and toddlers usually get fevers due to their bodies response to an infection (usually viral or bacterial). Substances are secreted by your body when fighting an infection that changes the thermostat in your brain (hypothalamus) to increase the temperature of the body. The fever is helpful for the body to fight infection. ...Read more

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Why do babies and older children need vitamin d?

Why do babies and older children need vitamin d?

PEOPLE need it: Not just babies and children. The reason we need it is that our skin makes it when exposed to sunlight in the proper wavelength. When you live in a temperate climate and spend much of your time indoors and/or clothed, you are likely deficient. Vitamin D isn't just for bones. It acts as a hormone that helps to regulate the immune system, and you shouldn't be without it. ...Read more

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Why do they give aminophylline to some preemies?

Why do they give aminophylline to some preemies?

For apnea or prem.: Aminophylline may be preferred to enhance contractility in the diaphragm/lungs or benefit from it's bronchodilator properties.Side effects-possible decrease in cerebral blood flow & concerns re: role in the occurrence or severity of necrotizing enterocolitis. Caffeine has a wider therapeutic margin-less chance of overdosing-thus it is the preferred agent. ...Read more

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Why do preemies often get intracranial hemorrhage?

Why do preemies often get intracranial hemorrhage?

Immature Vessels: Infants born before 30 weeks of pregnancy are at highest risk for such bleeding. The smaller and more premature the infant, the higher the risk for ivh. This is because blood vessels in the brain of premature infants are not yet fully developed and are extremely fragile. The blood vessels grow stronger after 30 weeks of pregnancy. ...Read more

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Why do newborns get constipated ?

Why do newborns get constipated ?

Several Reasons: By the time the baby goes home from the hospital we like to see several meconium stools daily. In the first week of life constipation can be related to relative dehydration in anticipation of mom's milk coming in. There are other more rare causes that are associated with abdominal distension, so that is a symptom to watch for. ...Read more

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Why did kids use to get rickets?

Why did kids use to get rickets?

They still do: Rickets is a metabolic bone disease of children which is usually the result of severe vitamin d deficiency, but can also have other causes. Vitamin d deficiency remains common, particularly with spending more time indoors and using sunscreen (which is necessary because skin damage from the sun can cause skin cancers). Please see your child's doctor for relatively new vitamin d recommendations. ...Read more

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Why do babies get appendicitis?

Why do babies get appendicitis?

They usually don't: Appendicitis is extemely uncommon in babies. Appendicitis comes from plugging up or occlusion of the long, narrow, cylindrical appendix, allowing inflammation to build up. Babies have shorter, wider, conical appendices that may be harder to plug up. Appendicitis is most common in children (older than babies) and young adults. It is possible but uncommon at the extremes of age. ...Read more

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Why do baby's get dehydrated?

Why do baby's get dehydrated?

Small volume: Babies get dehydrated because simply they are so small. Fever causes evaporation, and babies are all surface area comparatively. Thus a moderate fever causes decent water loss. Couple that with vomiting and some diarrhea and a lot of fluid loss happens quickly. Babies cannot be reasoned with that they need to "just drink more", so all that water loss leads to irritability, not thirst. ...Read more

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Why do infants need vitamin k?

Why do infants need vitamin k?

Proper clotting: Vitamin k is required for the proper function of our clotting system. Failure to give newborns vitamin K ,makes them at risk of spontaneous hemorrhage. The most worrisome would be into the brain (birth trauma) or with any surgical procedure. A single IM dose can protect baby until their body can generate the needed K from their diet.Gut germs convert the dietary K to an active form. ...Read more

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Why do babies get anemia and how do I know if my baby is anemic?

Why do babies get anemia and how do I know if my baby is anemic?

Iron deficiency: The most common cause of anemia in children is iron deficiency anemia (ida). This is almost always caused by diet issues. If your baby is starting to eat foods rich in iron, this usually prevents ida. If a baby was solely breastfed (a good thing), they are at a little higher risk of ida if they weren't supplemented with iron drops. The only way to know for sure is for your doc to check. ...Read more

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There is not much info about iugr babies why do they have issues with feeding? Should i expect my iugr baby to start solids like normal babies?

There is not much info about iugr babies why do they have issues with feeding? Should i expect my iugr baby to start solids like normal babies?

IUGR : Iugr can be caused by alot of different things. The iugr can also affect different parts of your baby and their development. So, not all iugr babies are exactly alike when it comes to feeding. Some feed just fine and i would assume yours will also. You can offer solids (soft foods like fruit or rice cereal) at anywhere from 4 months to 6 months and see how your baby does. ...Read more

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Do babies get sepsis?

Do babies get sepsis?

They can: Mothers transfer antibodies through the placenta.This gives babies transient protection for many minor illnesses.However, babies remain vulnerable to variety of bacteria. These can enter the birth canal & the bag of waters when it opens.If these germs enter babies nasal passages or lungs during labor or delivery, they can later enter the blood & cause sepsis. ...Read more

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Why do premature infants have respiratory problems?

Why do premature infants have respiratory problems?

Specialized coating: Surfactant is one of the last things for a fetus to produce, like paint for your rooms, you get everything else built before the finish work.Prematurity can delay production.The material works on the walls of the air pockets in the lungs to keep them partially open when you exhale.Without the coating, these air pockets empty like a balloon & take excessive force to reopen.That gives respiratory pbs. ...Read more

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How do babies get tested for RSV?

How do babies get tested for RSV?

Secretions: Their nasal secretions are sent to the lab to see if there is RSV genetic markers it them.Some clinics also have this as a test kit. ...Read more

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How do preemies breastfeed?

How do preemies breastfeed?

Slowly: Depending on how premature they are, premies may receive their initial feeds through a nasogastric tube. Receiving pumped breast milk instead of formula is helpful for preventing infections and intestinal complications of prematurity. As the suck-swallow coordination matures, they learn to breast feed and bottle feed. ...Read more

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Why do newborns get repeated infections?

Why do newborns get repeated infections?

Newborn infections: Newborns should not be getting repeated infections - this is not normal. If you are asking why infants get sick a lot, it's because you are not born with immunity to disease - your body develops these as you are exposed to various germs. Over a lifetime your body builds up an immune system. They are starting from scratch, and need to develop there immune system. They aren't born walking either! ...Read more

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Do babies have to get vaccinated?

Do babies have to get vaccinated?

Depends: If you want them to live the vulnerable lives kids had in the 1700's & opt out,you should walk through an old grave yard & look at all the small headstones.Progress in vaccinations is one of the greatest advances in health during the 20th century.As long as there is international air travel,your kids can be exposed to imported cases of disease from around the world.It is foolish to think otherwise ...Read more

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