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Doctor insights on: Why Do People With Artificial Heart Valves Have To Take Blood Thinners

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Why do people with artificial heart valves have to take blood thinners?

Why do people with artificial heart valves have to take blood thinners?

Risk x clots: Artificial valves statistically are more prone to cause clots. Red blood cells crash against their hard surfaces triggering the cascade for clotting. This does not occur with bio prosthetic valves made of animals like pigs, or cadaver duramadre(meningeal layer). ...Read more

Dr. Suzanne Galli
1 doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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How safe are artificial heart valves?

How safe are artificial heart valves?

Analyse risk/benefit: Artificial heart valves came on the medical scene in 1961. Prior to these life savers, open-heart surgeons could repair damaged heart valves. A valve repair might last 1 to 6 years. The question you need answered is... Without a heart valve how will my health be? From that point you can get the risk of implanting and maintaining your new valve. Take a friend/family with you to help decide. ...Read more

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Why are artificial heart valves important?

Why are artificial heart valves important?

Artificial heart : They are important as a therapeutic option for patients whose native valves are causing severe trouble. Without the option their outcome can be very poor. ...Read more

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When heart valves are slightly affected during rheumatic fever, can it still pump enough blood and nutrients around the body?

When heart valves are slightly affected during rheumatic fever, can it still pump enough blood and nutrients around the body?

Many do: After the primary infection has resolved, the patient may do well. Damage is variable but also can evolve over time. A person may function quite well for years but end up needing a valve or valves replaced at some point in the future. Regular follow up with a heart specialist should be expected. ...Read more

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How is an artificial heart valve inserted into the b body?

How is an artificial heart valve inserted into the b body?

Surgery or Catheter: Traditionally, open-heart surgery was the only way to replace heart valves. Techniques have now been developed to repair or replace some heart valves using catheters using less invasive methods (i.e. Closed chest procedures). ...Read more

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What are the materials in an artificial heart valve?

What are the materials in an artificial heart valve?

See below: The structure of the current st jude valve, the most commonly used valve, is made of graphite with a prolytic carbon coating. There is a sewing cuff which is a ring around the valve shich is made of synthetic fiber like polyester, or teflon, or dacron. ...Read more

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I am 87 and in extremely good health, take no medications. Have 2 leaky heart valves, left side. Heart pounding sound at night. Is Mitra clip for me?

I am 87 and in extremely good health, take no medications. Have 2 leaky heart valves, left side. Heart pounding sound at night. Is Mitra clip for me?

Maybe.: At your age treatment should be based upon improving quality of life. If you feel great and have no functional limitations doing surgery to "improve" your condition sounds like a tough sell. "No surgery" is always an option. ...Read more

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What are the risks of hip replacement surgery if I have an artificial heart valve? Would you recommend it?

Discuss w/ ORS: Discuss w/ your ORS.Artificial heart valves are fairly common and do not represent a contraindication for hip replacement.Active skin lesions, dental caries and urinary tract infections are the most common reasons in my experience for cancellation of elective joint replacement surgery.Hip replacement surgery performed well provides pain relief and greatly improves quality of life. Best of Luck! ...Read more

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Have APS. My cardiologist says that it has affected my heart valves, unusual? I am taking 2 – 325 mg ASA now for neuro symptoms. Anything else to take

Have APS. My cardiologist says that it has affected my heart valves, unusual? I am taking 2 – 325 mg ASA now for neuro symptoms. Anything else to take

Libman-Sacks?: This situation is extremely concerning. I'd get a couple of opinions by focused specialists. You are describing antiphospholipid syndrome, correct? I am VERY glad you are being proactive about your health. Stay well-informed -- nobody here can give you a definitive answer beyond wishing you the best. ...Read more

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What are the risks and benefits of stenting diseased blood vessels / heart bypass surgery / heart transplant / artificial heart valve transplant?

What are the risks and benefits of stenting diseased blood vessels / heart bypass surgery / heart transplant / artificial heart valve transplant?

Way too complex: This question is way too complex for a short text Q&A. Individual patient information is needed to really discuss risks and benefits. This discussion needs to be with a live cardiologist and/or cardiac surgeon. ...Read more

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Three leaky heart valves and palpations. Was prescribed no meds. Was told heart was healthy can this be true?

Three leaky heart valves and palpations. Was prescribed no meds. Was told heart was healthy can this be true?

Before echo's: In the old days, rheumatic heart disease was the cause of most "hearable" murmurs:if heard, you were in trouble. Now with better stethoscopes & esp echo machines, "innocent" murmurs are frequently heard (or small valve leaks are commonly seen with echo) and normal--even all four valves. www.thepmc.org. ...Read more

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Will hawthorn and cayenne decrease thickening of heart valves over time?

Will hawthorn and cayenne decrease thickening of heart valves over time?

Nope: Sorry- we haven't found any substances yet that can reverse that process. Statins looked promising at one point but a couple of key trials ended up being negative. That said, at 21 you shouldn't have thick heart vavlves. Consider an evaluation for rheumatic fever and certain drug effects if you do. ...Read more

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How long should i be kept waiting for two damaged leaking heart valves replaced plz?

How long should i be kept waiting for two damaged leaking heart valves replaced plz?

Heart valves: It is difficult to answer this question and it depends on your symptoms. If your symptoms are minimal the you can safely wait, however if you are suffering debilitating symptoms then you need the repair done as soon as possible ...Read more

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How long after a cardiograph will it be for my heart opereation? A bypass and two heart valves replaced plz

How long after a cardiograph will it be for my heart opereation? A bypass and two heart valves replaced plz

Don't understand: I don't understand your question. Please clarify. Are you having a procedure? Is it for a repeat open-heart surgery. You need to ask your doctor who is taking care of you to explain all the things he or she wants you to have ...Read more

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Does alcohol affect heart valves, does it weaken them.?

Does alcohol affect heart valves, does it weaken them.?

Alcohol: May be not so much heart valves as heart itself. It can cause alcoholic cardiomyopathy, which means that heart is big and also getting weak. ...Read more

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Does drug abuse/sniffing effect or damage your heart valves?

Does drug abuse/sniffing effect or damage your heart valves?

Valve damage: If you develop an endocarditis then certainly yes. even if you develop a bacterial infection in your blood then yes. ...Read more

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Describe the disorder called an infection of the heart valves.?

Describe the disorder called an infection of the heart valves.?

Endocarditis: It is called endocarditis. Can be caused mostly by bacterias and fungus. It is a very serious condition that requires immediate intervention. Valves can deteriorate fast and hence cardiac function be compromised ...Read more

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How close are we to "growing" our own heart valves using stem cells?

I have not : Seen any study showing any attempts of using stem cells to growth heart valves. ...Read more

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What is the safest way to repair leaking heart valves in the elderly?

What is the safest way to repair leaking heart valves in the elderly?

Depends: Which valve? What age? Define elderly. To repair a heart valve, obviously, need cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. Sometimes the tricuspid valve can be repaired without cardioplegic arrest. To replace a heart valve, cpb/cardioplegic arrest normally used. In selected high morbidity/mortality candidates over 80y/o, transapical or transiliac or transfemoral aortic stent valves option. ...Read more

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What is the procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

What is the procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

Depends : Most valve replacement is open-heart surgical replacement with an artificial valve of some type.

A new method for aortic stenosis (not a leaky valve) is to fix it through the artery- kind of like a stent placement; this is not open-heart surgery. ...Read more

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I have leaky heart valves and afib. Is this combination more dangerous?

This depends greatly: On severity of regurgitation... The more severe the greater the potential problems like risk for heart failure. ...Read more

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What is the safest procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

What is the safest procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

Mitral valve: When considering valve repair or replacement for an individual there are many factors which go into the assessment of risk vs benefit for any individual. The appropriate choice is not necessarily the same for every individual. ...Read more

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My doctor said I have thickening around my heart valves. Is that bad? What does that mean?

My doctor said I have thickening around my heart valves. Is that bad? What does that mean?

May be: You have serious heart condition at young age. Do you have some congenital (from Birth) Heart Disease? Or Are you over weight?
Obviously you are under care of Cardiologist so ask him/her what it means to have thickened Heart valve. Without seeing a report I cannot interpret and give you conflicting explanation ...Read more

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Cardiologist said I most of my heart valves are leaky. Could this be causing my atypical POTS and IST presentation?

Cardiologist said I most of my heart valves are leaky. Could this be causing my atypical POTS and IST presentation?

Results are yours: In general, the results of tests that you had done should be available to you, and you can take them to another doctor. Since you have questions after seeing the doctor, think about going back to get them clarified, or getting a 2d opinion consult. ...Read more

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I have to have two heart valves replaced.MITRAL AND AORTIC are these the worst ones? Also, together at the same time plz

RHD?: I assume you have rheumatic heart disease? At your age, if your general health is good, kidney function normal, no lung disease, your surgery should be very low risk and very successful. Be sure your teeth are in good condition before surgery or get them repaired beforehand as dental infection poses a grave risk to your new artificial valves. Best wishes to you! ...Read more

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The physical effect of Betablockers on the heart is they decrease the cardiac contractility can this lead to stiffened Heart Valves in long term use?

The physical effect of Betablockers on the heart is they decrease the cardiac contractility can this lead to stiffened
Heart Valves in long term use?

NO: There are no long term effects of beta blockers on the heart valves or for that matter ANY STRUCTURAL cardiac abnormalities!!!!!
Hope this helps and answers the NUMEROUS QUESTIONS on this subject at todays on-line session!!
BE WELL
DR Z ...Read more

Dr. Boris Aronzon
533 doctors shared insights

Blood Thinners (Definition)

Agents which slow ;/or break down blood clot formation in up to 3 different ways (they do not decrease blood viscosity; thickness.) (1) some inhibit platelet function (e.g. Aspirin, clopidogrel, etc.). (2) others interfere with some of the clot forming proteins (warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, etc.), (3) others stimulate the blood clot destruction ...Read more