Doctor insights on:
Why Do People Get Kidney Infections
The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more
Encephalopathy: I think what you are asking about is uremic encephalopathy which develops as patients begin to experience renal failure. This is not necessarily due to a kidney infection, nor do all kidney infections result in this condition. The buildup of various substances that would normally be regulated by the kidney leads to symptoms. ...Read more
Many Reasons: Very young children can get congenital kidney diseases that are caused by various gene defects (usually hereditary). One of the most common types of genetic kidney disease is polycystic kidney disease. Also young people can get glomerulonephritis, which is usually not inherited, but occasionally in rare cases there are genetic causes. These conditions cause abnormal deposits in the kidneys. ...Read more
Many reasons: They may have underlying lung disease which is made worse by an infection or other trigger, or they may have an overwhelming other problem such as a heart attack, stroke, sepsis, major trauma or a variety of other things. Bottom line, there is a failure to oxygenate, or failure to ventilate, or both. Treatment and prognosis depends on all of the above. Hope this helps! ...Read more
Via urine or blood: Kidney infections are most commonly due to bacteria entering the bladder and work their way up to the kidney. In children commonly due to faulty bladder valves permitting urine to back up to kidney. Many bacteria have hair-like tenticles allowing them to crawl thru bladder valve + up to kidney where they multiply. Less often bacteria can reach kidney via blood stream from skin infection or abscess. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Interactions: Heart disease is often the result of environmental interactions and genetic predispositions. Some forms of heart diease are genetic, like some valvular abnormalities. Some are environmental, like exposure to toxins. Most are the result of some genetic predisposition or liklihood of developing a pathology and exposure in the environment that allows that predisposition to become manifest. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Several risk factors: There are several risk factors for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. By far, the most common causes are chronic infection with either hepatitis b or c. Alcoholic cirrhosis is another leading cause. Other less common risk factors include advanced age, diabetes, and certain liver disorders. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can't answer..: ..Without knowing you. It could be you have enlarged tonsils that harbor infection. It could be you have poor sleep/exercise/dietary habits that lead to increased susceptibility. There are lots of reasons this could be, and they are best discussed with your doctor who knows you. ...Read more
Wish i knew: That is a question no one can answer. As for vaccine-preventable diseases, in the U.S., it is because of stupid anti-vaxxers like those who caused the measles outbreak currently. For diseases like heart disease and diabetes, it is because of a complex combination of poor choices, social circumstances, cost, misinformation and even lies, and sometimes genetics. ...Read more
More than you think: Chlamydia is an std caused by a tiny bacteria-like critter that lives inside of cells. There are often very few symptoms with chlamydia so folks can have it and not know it. It can have very dramatic symptoms as well, such as pid (which can be very serious!). Condoms can provide some protection but abstinence till you are with one person forever is the only truly safe bet for prevention. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Several reasons: Gangrene is tissue death. Generally the cause is due to poor or disrupted blood supply due to cardiovascular disease (hardening of the arteries) or infection. Blood clots are also a cause. Gangrene can also be caused by external sources such as severe burns, both chemical and thermal (heat and cold (frostbite)). Certain conditions like diabetes, kidney failure, high cholesterol will increase risk. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
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