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Doctor insights on: Why Are Emphysema Patients More Prone To Infections Such As Bronchitis

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Why are emphysema patients more prone to infections such as bronchitis?

Why are emphysema patients more prone to infections such as bronchitis?

Poor defense: Emphysema can impair the lung's normal defense mechanisms of clearing bacteria and allow an infection to get established. Chronic bronchitis is actually more prone to develop infections than pure emphysema. Both are under the broader category of copd. Active cigarette smoking also increases the risk. ...Read more

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Dr. Lonnie Smith
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Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


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Why are emphysema patients more prone to pulmonary infectionsand bronchitis?

Why are emphysema patients more prone to pulmonary infectionsand bronchitis?

Several reasons: This question is not fully answered. It seems in patients with emphysema the lungs ability to defend against infection is decreased but the specific areas of impairment are not fully known. They probably include changes in the cells which fight infection or identify infection, changes in the lung produced by chronic inflammation, impaired ability of the lung to clear mucous are a few. ...Read more

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Wha bacteria produces a yellow green sputum in a COPD patient and/or exacerbate chronic bronchitis?

Wha bacteria produces a yellow green sputum in a COPD patient and/or exacerbate chronic bronchitis?

See below: Strep, staph, hemophilus, moraxella, pseudomonas, mycoplasma, chlamydophila would be the most common. They are usually covered by the commonly used antibiotics for outpatient treatment. ...Read more

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Still coughing 2 weeks after sinus infection/bronchitis. Trying to quit smoking. Worried/scared of copd?

Still coughing 2 weeks after sinus infection/bronchitis. Trying to quit smoking. Worried/scared of copd?

Silver linings: Sometimes it takes feeling ill to help people really get serious about quitting. If so, it's doing you a favor. 34 is not too old to have the changes you make be very significant - you should be able to avoid COPD (a good choice!) Worry may not be needed and once it motivates you - send it packing! Two weeks is still w/in normal range for healing, but see your Dr. if it goes on. Get a Star! ...Read more

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Following 3 back to back viruses & ear/sinus infection, i now have a cough lasting 2 months. Is this still acute bronchitis or is it now chronic/copd?

Following 3 back to back viruses & ear/sinus infection, i now have a cough lasting 2 months. Is this still acute bronchitis or is it now chronic/copd?

Not likely: COPD is caused typically by years of smoking cigarettes. The symptoms could include cough, mucous production and shortness of breath. With certain viral infections the symptoms of COPD can be exacerbated, but those patient already have the diagnosis of copd. If you have had symptoms for several week it would be good to get an opinion form your doctor or have a visit with you pulmonologist. ...Read more

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Could tea have any beneficial effects on COPD emphysema chronic bronchitis sufferers?

Could tea have any beneficial effects on COPD emphysema chronic bronchitis sufferers?

Very little.: If the tea has caffeine then this is a very minimal bronchodilator response. Best thing is good nutritional status and physical activity. Follow up with md and use inhalers. Also most important stay off cigs. ...Read more

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My husband has acute bronchitis and emphysema. What is the right medicines he can take to get rid of these?

My husband has acute bronchitis and emphysema. What is the right medicines he can take to get rid of these?

Acute bronchitis...: Treatment for acute bronchitis depends on etiology. For a bacterial infection, antibiotics are used but there is no treatment for viral bronchitis as antibiotics are ineffective. There is no cure for emphysema but viral bronchitis will resolve on its own within a week to 10 days. ...Read more

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What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt? How are they treated?

What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt?  How are they treated?

Emergency situations: As an emt in these cases you primary concern is to make sure the patient can breathe. In asthma, codp emphysema and "chronic bronchitis" a resuce inhaler like albuterol or ipratropium(copd) owuld be your first response. Steroid inhalers are not for rescue situations. ...Read more

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How is emphysema and bronchitis linked to smoking?

How is emphysema and bronchitis linked to smoking?

Inflammation...: Smoking causes airway inflammation and this inflammatory response in the lungs, in certain patients, will lead to the lung destruction that results in copd. Chronic bronchitis is a form of copd. Inflammation is the key and smoking cessation decreases this inflammation and thus, slows disease progression. ...Read more

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How are the disease emphysema and chronic bronchitis fatal?

How are the disease emphysema and chronic bronchitis fatal?

Respiratory failure: The lungs eventually lose so much function that they can't support normal metabolic processes and supply oxygen which is one of the fuels the body runs on. ...Read more

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Copd with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Is it possible to treat this?

Copd with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Is it possible to treat this?

COPD Emphysema: Treatment consists of smoking cessation, bronchodilators, steroids, pulmonary rehab, oxygen therapy, management of exacerbation and surgery in selected cases. ...Read more

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What is the difference between the 2 types of COPD(chronic bronchitis and emphysema)? And which is worse?

What is the difference between the 2 types of COPD(chronic bronchitis and emphysema)? And which is worse?

There isn't any: in practice, although there are in theory. PURE emphysema involves only the small air sacs, which become less capable of diffusing oxygen into the bloodstream and clearing carbon dioxide, enlarge and coalesce with othrs. Pure bronchitis inflames and narrows the smaller air passages so that oxygen/CO2 can't get through. Most patients have BOTH of these processes, though one may predominate.Both bad ...Read more

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Is chronic bronchitis contagious? My uncle has chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Can i catch bronchitis from him? .

Is chronic bronchitis contagious? My uncle has chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Can i catch bronchitis from him?

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No: Chronic bronchitis itself is not contagious. Sometimes the virus or bacteria that exacerbate a patient's chronic bronchitis can be contagious however. ...Read more

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What is the difference between chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

What is the difference between chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

COPS: Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are two conditions termed COPD or chronic obstuctive pulmonary(lung)disease.Emphysema is long term progressive disease which causes shortness of breath .The tissue necessary to suppot sructure of the lung is destroyed chronic bronchis is chronic inflammation of bronchi which causes cough and sputum production at least for three months in two successive years. ...Read more

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Whats the difference between having chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Whats the difference between having chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Different symptoms: While chronic lung disease can have both these components one will usually dominate the picture - bronchitics will have lots of trouble with infections and mucus clearing and cough - emphamatous folk will have more shortness of breath/discomfort, and are more likely to have barrel chests, retain carbon dioxide and need oxygen therapy. ...Read more

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Whats the difference between chronic bronchitis and emphysema outcome?

Varies: Both chronic bronchitis and emphysema are chronic, progressive diseases that respond favorably to smoking cessation. However, how an individual sufferer will do is best predicted by knowing family and smoking history, severity of the lung disease, how the disease has affected th heart, the patients overall conditioning, etc. ...Read more

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Do I have emphysema and or chronic bronchitis, or is there no difference?

Do I have emphysema and or chronic bronchitis, or is there no difference?

Difference...: Both diseases are forms of COPD but they are quite different. Chronic bronchitis has a chronic productive cough whereas emphysema patients tend to not produce as much sputum. See your doctor who will be able to diagnose which one you have, if any. Both diseases are caused usually by smoking. ...Read more

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


Dr. Sue Ferranti
1,197 doctors shared insights

Bronchitis (Definition)

An inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi. May be caused by either viral or bacterial infections, and is treated with antibiotics , steroids, inhaled bronchodilators, or mucolytics. Bronchitis can ...Read more