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Doctor insights on: Why Are Emphysema Patients More Prone To Infections Such As Bronchitis

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Why are emphysema patients more prone to infections such as bronchitis?

Why are emphysema patients more prone to infections such as bronchitis?

Poor defense: Emphysema can impair the lung's normal defense mechanisms of clearing bacteria and allow an infection to get established. Chronic bronchitis is actually more prone to develop infections than pure emphysema. Both are under the broader category of copd. Active cigarette smoking also increases the risk. ...Read more

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Dr. Sue Ferranti
1,163 doctors shared insights

Bronchitis (Definition)

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi (airways that carry air from the trachea to the more distal parts of the lungs, or bronchioles). Bronchitis may be caused by either viral or bacterial infections, and is treated with antibiotics , steroids, inhaled bronchodilators, or mucolytics. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. The latter is usually associated with smoking and may be part of COPD. Both acute and chronic bronchitis can lead to other serious conditions, including pneumonia with ...Read more


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Why are emphysema patients more prone to pulmonary infectionsand bronchitis?

Why are emphysema patients more prone to pulmonary infectionsand bronchitis?

Several reasons: This question is not fully answered. It seems in patients with emphysema the lungs ability to defend against infection is decreased but the specific areas of impairment are not fully known. They probably include changes in the cells which fight infection or identify infection, changes in the lung produced by chronic inflammation, impaired ability of the lung to clear mucous are a few. ...Read more

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Wha bacteria produces a yellow green sputum in a COPD patient and/or exacerbate chronic bronchitis?

Wha bacteria produces a yellow green sputum in a COPD patient and/or exacerbate chronic bronchitis?

Viruses,Bacteria: 75%of COPD are caused by infections, 25% by bacteria, 25% by viruses, 25% by both commonly caused by streptococcal pnumonia hemophilus influenza hemophilus parainflenza moraxella catarrhalis less common pseudomonas aeruginosa other gram negatives staph aureus other grm positive enterobators atypicals mycoplasma pnumonia chlamydia pnumonia here you have it. ...Read more

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Still coughing 2 weeks after sinus infection/bronchitis. Trying to quit smoking. Worried/scared of copd?

Still coughing 2 weeks after sinus infection/bronchitis. Trying to quit smoking. Worried/scared of copd?

Silver linings: Sometimes it takes feeling ill to help people really get serious about quitting. If so, it's doing you a favor. 34 is not too old to have the changes you make be very significant - you should be able to avoid COPD (a good choice!) Worry may not be needed and once it motivates you - send it packing! Two weeks is still w/in normal range for healing, but see your Dr. if it goes on. Get a Star! ...Read more

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Following 3 back to back viruses & ear/sinus infection, i now have a cough lasting 2 months. Is this still acute bronchitis or is it now chronic/copd?

Following 3 back to back viruses & ear/sinus infection, i now have a cough lasting 2 months. Is this still acute bronchitis or is it now chronic/copd?

Not likely: COPD is caused typically by years of smoking cigarettes. The symptoms could include cough, mucous production and shortness of breath. With certain viral infections the symptoms of COPD can be exacerbated, but those patient already have the diagnosis of copd. If you have had symptoms for several week it would be good to get an opinion form your doctor or have a visit with you pulmonologist. ...Read more

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Could tea have any beneficial effects on COPD emphysema chronic bronchitis sufferers?

Could tea have any beneficial effects on COPD emphysema chronic bronchitis sufferers?

Very little.: If the tea has caffeine then this is a very minimal bronchodilator response. Best thing is good nutritional status and physical activity. Follow up with md and use inhalers. Also most important stay off cigs. ...Read more

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My husband has acute bronchitis and emphysema. What is the right medicines he can take to get rid of these?

Acute bronchitis...: Treatment for acute bronchitis depends on etiology. For a bacterial infection, antibiotics are used but there is no treatment for viral bronchitis as antibiotics are ineffective. There is no cure for emphysema but viral bronchitis will resolve on its own within a week to 10 days. ...Read more

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What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt? How are they treated?

What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt?  How are they treated?

Emergency situations: As an emt in these cases you primary concern is to make sure the patient can breathe. In asthma, codp emphysema and "chronic bronchitis" a resuce inhaler like albuterol or ipratropium(copd) owuld be your first response. Steroid inhalers are not for rescue situations. ...Read more

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How is emphysema and bronchitis linked to smoking?

How is emphysema and bronchitis linked to smoking?

Inflammation...: Smoking causes airway inflammation and this inflammatory response in the lungs, in certain patients, will lead to the lung destruction that results in copd. Chronic bronchitis is a form of copd. Inflammation is the key and smoking cessation decreases this inflammation and thus, slows disease progression. ...Read more

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Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


Dr. Sue Ferranti
490 doctors shared insights

Emphysema (Definition)

Emphysema is a lung disease caused by destruction of lung tissue--specifically the alveoli, which are the smallest sac-like units of the lung responsible for oxygen exchange. It is characterized by shortness of breath, an expanded chest, and possible signs of low oxygen in the body such as bluish ...Read more