Doctor insights on:
Why Are Emphysema Patients More Prone To Infections Such As Bronchitis
Poor defense: Emphysema can impair the lung's normal defense mechanisms of clearing bacteria and allow an infection to get established. Chronic bronchitis is actually more prone to develop infections than pure emphysema. Both are under the broader category of copd. Active cigarette smoking also increases the risk. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi (airways that carry air from the trachea to the more distal parts of the lungs, or bronchioles). Bronchitis may be caused by either viral or bacterial infections, and is treated with antibiotics , steroids, inhaled bronchodilators, or mucolytics. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. The latter is usually associated with smoking and may be part of COPD. Both acute and chronic bronchitis can lead to other serious conditions, including pneumonia with ...Read more
Several reasons: This question is not fully answered. It seems in patients with emphysema the lungs ability to defend against infection is decreased but the specific areas of impairment are not fully known. They probably include changes in the cells which fight infection or identify infection, changes in the lung produced by chronic inflammation, impaired ability of the lung to clear mucous are a few. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Anesthetized patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema and what complications expected to occur during anesthesia and surgical work and what are?
Wha bacteria produces a yellow green sputum in a COPD patient and/or exacerbate chronic bronchitis?
Viruses,Bacteria: 75%of COPD are caused by infections, 25% by bacteria, 25% by viruses, 25% by both commonly caused by streptococcal pnumonia hemophilus influenza hemophilus parainflenza moraxella catarrhalis less common pseudomonas aeruginosa other gram negatives staph aureus other grm positive enterobators atypicals mycoplasma pnumonia chlamydia pnumonia here you have it. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Still coughing 2 weeks after sinus infection/bronchitis. Trying to quit smoking. Worried/scared of copd?
Silver linings: Sometimes it takes feeling ill to help people really get serious about quitting. If so, it's doing you a favor. 34 is not too old to have the changes you make be very significant - you should be able to avoid COPD (a good choice!) Worry may not be needed and once it motivates you - send it packing! Two weeks is still w/in normal range for healing, but see your Dr. if it goes on. Get a Star! ...Read more
Following 3 back to back viruses & ear/sinus infection, i now have a cough lasting 2 months. Is this still acute bronchitis or is it now chronic/copd?
Not likely: COPD is caused typically by years of smoking cigarettes. The symptoms could include cough, mucous production and shortness of breath. With certain viral infections the symptoms of COPD can be exacerbated, but those patient already have the diagnosis of copd. If you have had symptoms for several week it would be good to get an opinion form your doctor or have a visit with you pulmonologist. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
My husband has acute bronchitis and emphysema. What is the right medicines he can take to get rid of these?
Acute bronchitis...: Treatment for acute bronchitis depends on etiology. For a bacterial infection, antibiotics are used but there is no treatment for viral bronchitis as antibiotics are ineffective. There is no cure for emphysema but viral bronchitis will resolve on its own within a week to 10 days. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt? How are they treated?
Emergency situations: As an emt in these cases you primary concern is to make sure the patient can breathe. In asthma, codp emphysema and "chronic bronchitis" a resuce inhaler like albuterol or ipratropium(copd) owuld be your first response. Steroid inhalers are not for rescue situations. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Inflammation...: Smoking causes airway inflammation and this inflammatory response in the lungs, in certain patients, will lead to the lung destruction that results in copd. Chronic bronchitis is a form of copd. Inflammation is the key and smoking cessation decreases this inflammation and thus, slows disease progression. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more
Emphysema is a lung disease caused by destruction of lung tissue--specifically the alveoli, which are the smallest sac-like units of the lung responsible for oxygen exchange. It is characterized by shortness of breath, an expanded chest, and possible signs of low oxygen in the body such as bluish ...Read more
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