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Doctor insights on: Which Term Means Enlargement Of The Thyroid Gland

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Mild enlargement of the right thyroid lobe without discrete nodules. There is a homogeneous appearance to the echotexture of the thyroid gland. ????

Mild enlargement of the right thyroid lobe without discrete nodules. There is a homogeneous appearance to the echotexture of the thyroid gland.  ????

Lobe enlarged: This should be of no significance if your thyroid hormone levels are all normal. There are no suspicious findings of benign or malignant growths. If you have further concerns a thyroidologist or endocrinologist would be best qualified to evaluate and advise you. ...Read more

Thyroid Gland (Definition)

It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body.It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more


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Describe the function of the adrenal gland?

Describe the function of the adrenal gland?

Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more

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What does thickening of the thyroid and calcification of the thyroid mean?

What does thickening of the thyroid and calcification of the thyroid mean?

Nothing: This is not related to thyroid dysfunction or cancer, just an incidental finding from imaging, sort of like blue eyes and blond hair, just a description ...Read more

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Does enlargement of the thyroid or lowering of the pharynx cause deepening of the voice?

Does enlargement of the thyroid or lowering of the pharynx cause deepening of the voice?

Usually not: How do you know you have thyroid enlargement? Have you discussed it with your doctor? Thyroid deficiency, which can occur with thyroid enlargement, can lead to changes in voice pitch. The most common cause of changes in pitch is puberty. ...Read more

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What is homogeneous enlargement of thyroid gland?

What is homogeneous enlargement of thyroid gland?

Your thyroid: Has enlarged without the formation of nodules or fluid-filled cysts. This can usually be halted with appropriate amounts of brand name T4 replacement if indicated. Talk w/your doctor. ...Read more

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What does heterogeneity of the thyroid gland mean?

Thyroiditis?: This is the description of the appearance of the thyroid on ultrasound and is most often seen in thyroiditis or inflammation of the thyroid. The exact cause requires that your doctor compare this to your history, exam and lab work. ...Read more

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What is a hyperfunctioning adenoma of the adrenal gland?

What is a hyperfunctioning adenoma of the adrenal gland?

Secretory: An adrenal adenoma usually does not produce the usual adrenal hormones (corticosteroids or mineralocorticoids) but if does, it is called hyperfunctioning. ...Read more

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What is the function of a thyroid gland?

What is the function of a thyroid gland?

Controls metabolism: The thyroid gland controls your body's metabolism. An under-active thyroid can cause weight gain, for instance. Your doctor can order simple blood tests to check on your thyroid. ...Read more

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What is the function of adrenal glands in adults?

What is the function of adrenal glands in adults?

Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more

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What causes the enlargement of a thyroid gland with a goiter or hyperthyroidism?

What causes the enlargement of a thyroid gland with a goiter or hyperthyroidism?

Depends: Hi. Goiter (abnormal size/shape of thyroid) can occur with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and euthyroidism. Broadly, goiter results from autoimmunity, benign tumors, or cancers. If you see an endocrinologist, this will be sorted out. You have Dr. Michael McDermott right there at CU School of Med, a great doc. Good luck! ...Read more

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What is meant by nodular thickening of the left adrenal gland related to hyperplasia without well defined nodule?

Size and location: The adrenal glands can increase in size due to hyperplasia (usually bilateral) or a tumor (adenoma or carcinoma). However, hyperplasia may give rise to a thickening of the gland by imaging. There is also nodular hyperplasia, which is often related to specific hormone production (cortisol, aldosterone, etc). Not sure if you are symptomatic. ...Read more

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Can you explain the regulation of adrenal cortex function by the way of the pituitary gland stimulation of the adrena?

Can you explain the regulation of adrenal cortex function by the way of the pituitary gland stimulation of the adrena?

Feedforward/feedback: Hi. Hypothalamus important, but to keep it simple, pituitary ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to make cortisol. Cortisol negatively feeds back to suppress pituitary ACTH. If cortisol falls or a big stress is encountered, ACTH goes up and stimulates more cortisol production. The pituitary "sees" the increase in cortisol, and cuts back on ACTH to keep cortisol in appropriate range. Diurnal pattern ...Read more

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What is the function of the adrenal gland in the body?

What is the function of the adrenal gland in the body?

Endocrine gland: The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys and their main function is to make hormones. The adrenal glands make hormones in response to stress (cortisol, epinephrine), hormones that affect kidney function and blood pressure (aldosterone), and sex hormones (androgens). These hormones circulate all around the body to affect the target organs and tissues. ...Read more

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Are the small vessels of the pituitary as susceptible to thrombosis as the vessels of the adrenal glands, or is adrenal insufficiency caused by thrombosis limited to adrenal glands only?

Are the small vessels of the pituitary as susceptible to thrombosis as the vessels of the adrenal glands, or is adrenal insufficiency caused by thrombosis limited to adrenal glands only?

Adrenal hemmorrhage: Adrenal hemorrhage can occur for a variety of reasons, one of which is adrenal vein thrombosis. This usually occurs in complicated settings (cancer, hypercoag states). Hemorrhage can destroy the glands. This does not usually occur in the pituitary. Except for sheehan's syndrome: postpartum pituitary hemorrhage due to shock/bleeding in a susceptible pituitary (enlarged and ready for lactation). ...Read more

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Describe the normal action of the gland in hyperthyroidism?

Describe the normal action of the gland in hyperthyroidism?

Multiple organs...: The thyroid hormones secreted by the gland affects almost every system, including basal metabolism, skin, heart, brain, bowel. The thyroid gland is controlled by a part of the pituitary/hypothalamus gland in the brain in a feedback mechanism (as with all glands). Increased thyroid hormone can be associated with 'poppy' eyes, racy pulse, moist skin, perspiring, diarrhea. See prior answer. ...Read more

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What parts of the adrenal gland are controled by the pituitary gland? I read that there are three parts of the adrenal gland.

What parts of the adrenal gland are controled by the pituitary gland? I read that there are three parts of the adrenal gland.

The adrenal: cortex, or outer portion, is mostly controlled by the pituitary, and predominately produces cortisone, aldosterone and some sex hormones. The inner portion, or medulla, is regulated by blood pressure, nervous stimulation, emotions, etc. and produces epinephrine, norepinephrine and some other lesser hormones. ...Read more

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What is the function of the adrenal gland in human body?

What is the function of the adrenal gland in human body?

Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more

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What is the name of the disorder of the liver could result in excess vitamin B12 in the body?

What is the name of the disorder of the liver could result in excess vitamin B12 in the body?

Cirrhosis: Cirrosis, chronic hepatitis, may cause artifically elevated B12 as the liver store vit B12 and also prodcue the proteins that bind vit B12 in the blood. If the liver is sick, it can not produce the binding proteins and when measured vit B12 appears as it is elevated, as only the un-bound form of vit B12 is measured. ...Read more

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What can cause hyperplasia of the pituitary gland?

What can cause hyperplasia of the pituitary gland?

Pituitary: Are you reading a path report? Hyperplasia means proliferation of cells. Pituitary cells can do this for many reasons. Normal physiology, eg. lactating, pregnancy, growth spurt during teens. If you are hypothyroid, your pituitary will increase TSH -cells. Abnormal hormone production (prolactin, ACTH, GH) would involve hyperplasia. The path report must be correlated with the overall picture. ...Read more

Dr. Tanya Russo
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more