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Doctor insights on: When Was Mental Retardation Discovered

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When was schizophrenia discovered?

When was schizophrenia discovered?

Late 1800's: The term schizophrenia was actually used starting in the early 1900's but the illness was recognized as different from bipolar disorder as far back as the mid 1800's. It was first considered a form of dementia, like alzheimers, that hit younger people. For that reason it was first called dementia praecox. However, the name schizophrenia became more popular in the early 1900's. ...Read more

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Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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When was spinocerebellar ataxia discovered? What was it originally misdiagnosed as?

When was spinocerebellar ataxia discovered? What was it originally misdiagnosed as?

Unclear question: SCA wasn't "discovered" any more than heart failure, epilepsy and schizophrenia were discovered. They've always been with us. SCA was first systematically DESCRIBED in the 19th century. It wasn't "misdiagnosed" as anything. The CAUSES of SCA have been discovered only recently. There are at least 50 different types of SCA. Are you asking about any one in particular? ...Read more

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Is there a link between bipolar disorder and sexual abuse? It was suspected I was abused, and then developed bipolar disorder after the incident.

Is there a link between bipolar disorder and sexual abuse? It was suspected I was abused, and then developed bipolar disorder after the incident.

Possibly, but...: In my practice, in my experience, the vast majority of bipolar patients have not been sexually abused. Bipolar disorder is primarily a biologically inherited disorder which usually first appears in late teens or early twenties. You also say "it was suspected" meaning that you don't remember any abuse, which also casts doubt. Please get the best available treatment, which can be meds and therapy ...Read more

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My 17 month old son was recently diagnosed as gdd patient. Tests revealed that he has a deficiency in speech and social behavior. How can we help?

My 17 month old son was recently diagnosed as gdd patient. Tests revealed that he has a deficiency in speech and social behavior. How can we help?

Global Developmental: Delay is the term for delays in cognition, language & social/adaptive skills in a child too young for valid iq testing. Your son qualifies under part c of idea for needed therapies thru your state's early intervention program. A developmental/ behavioral pediatrician will do thorough physical & neurological exams + genetic & other tests to try to determine the etiology (cause) of the gdd. ...Read more

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Does my child have a mental retardation if delayed motor development?

Does my child have a mental retardation if delayed motor development?

Not Necessarily: The cognitive parts of the brain and the motor areas are seperate to a large degree. It is very possible for the motor area to have been damaged or immature and the thinking, reasoning or cognitive areas to be ok.Of course, sometimes global problems may occur causing problems in both areas. ...Read more

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2 1/2 year old MRI results were a large amount of white spots, i was told this is why he has a major speech and motor skill delay. Is this true?

2 1/2 year old MRI results were a large amount of white spots, i was told this is why he has a major speech and motor skill delay. Is this true?

More than likely: It is! if you are not sure or not ready to accept it, get a second opinion. Hard to say without details of your child's medical history. What is the diagnosis? Was he premie? Any defects in the chromosomes etc?Please sit down and talk to your pediatrician or neurologist treating your child to understand it better. ...Read more

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What mental disorder can a person with a traumatic childhood have? One who was physically, emotionally and sexually abuse by his parent?

What mental disorder can a person with a traumatic childhood have?  One who was physically, emotionally and sexually abuse by his parent?

The aftermath: of emotional, physical and sexual abuse during childhood can lead to any number of psychological disorders. Our psyche does what it can to survive. Regardless of how well someone may have come through the trauma it leaves scars that warrant speaking with a clinical psychologist to reduce the fallout and strengthen the resilience. Groups for survivors are also helpful. ...Read more

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Can a liver laceration mean there was child abuse?

Can a liver laceration mean there was child abuse?

Depends: depends on the age of the child and the circumstances . If the facts on how injury occurred are sketchy and hard to believe than abuse is always in the differential . ...Read more

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My son has cerebral palsy, autism, mental retardation, catatonic schizophrenia, seizures, & no lower left lope of brain what is his life expectancy?

Who knows!: So sorry about your son. All of his conditions you could think might cause a shorter life span for all sorts of reasons, but with good care one never knows. Accidents, poor nutrition ( because he doesn't eat well), progressive brain deterioration if repeated seizures, infections, general stress with its harmful physical effects, all could contribute to premature death. Best of luck! ...Read more

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@ age 68 my husband was tested by a neurologist. Result was early signs of a. How can they say it is really alzheimer's and not age relate dementia?

@ age 68 my husband was tested by a neurologist.  Result was early signs of a.  How can they say it is really alzheimer's and not age relate dementia?

STATISTICS: There is no real "age related dementia", as actually about 45% of americans develop alzheimer's by age 85, but roughly 50% by then have generally normal cognition. Your husband is in the age group of alzheimer's, but could also have stroke related issues or medication induced pseudo-dementia, or even b-12 deficiency. Docs are 90% correct with their clinical diagnoses. Pet scan can confirm. ...Read more

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Pdoc said that with no "proof" i can't say i was s/abused @ 2 yrs. I'mhurt. Is it true? Sistr was abused by granpa, and i had sexual behaviours and sx's growing up.No flashbacks, mem's r reliable now?

Pdoc said that with no "proof" i can't say i was s/abused @ 2 yrs. I'mhurt. Is it true? Sistr was abused by granpa, and i had sexual behaviours and sx's growing up.No flashbacks, mem's r reliable now?

Complicated!!: I'm so sorry for your suffering. The human body is amazing at healing itself and it is usually not possible to tell from a physical exam if abuse occurred. 95% of sexually abused persons have a normal physical exam. Your best plan is therapy with a provider experienced with child sexual abuse. You can contact your nearest child advocacy center for a therapy referral. Good luck! ...Read more

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My daughter has congenital hydrocephalus, she was born at 35 weeks. How can this affect her motor development?

My daughter has congenital hydrocephalus, she was born at 35 weeks.  How can this affect her motor development?

Developmental issues: That occur in children with hydrocephalus are variable, as dr. F explained, & can include cognitive, motor & social/adaptive challenges. The impacts can often be reduced by early intervention, then school-based therapies & ongoing medical care by pediatricians, neurologists, neurosurgeons, pede. Ophthalmologists, orthopedists & more. For support & information see http://www.Hydroassoc.Org/. ...Read more

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Can I be declared to have a mental illness disability for borderline personality disorder in tennessee?

Can I  be declared to have a mental illness disability for borderline personality disorder in tennessee?

You should not: Borderline personality disorder is not a disability, but it can interfere with life functions. You should seek the care of a skilled psychiatrist for proper treatment to optimize your ability to work and function in life. ...Read more

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Does dyslexia affect someone's level of intelligence? My eight-year-old son was just diagnosed with dyslexia. I'm concerned this will label him as "dumb" or needing special education. Does dyslexia mean my son has limited intelligence? .

Does dyslexia affect someone's level of intelligence? My eight-year-old son was just diagnosed with dyslexia. I'm concerned this will label him as "dumb" or needing special education. Does dyslexia mean my son has limited intelligence?

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No.: Dyslexia has no relationship to intelligence. Many smart accomplished people are dyslexic. It may make it hard for him to learn though, without additional support. Special ed can him help overcome the dyslexia, with specialized reading instruction and additional tools (audio recordings, etc). Please help him get these services at school so he can learn up to his potential and not be limited by it. ...Read more

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What does it mean to be borderline autistic???? Because I have been diagnosed as borderline autistic since I was 2

What does it mean to be borderline autistic???? 
Because I have been diagnosed as borderline autistic since I was 2

Ask doctor: Here is some general information on autism: https://patient.info/health/autistic-spectrum-disorders-leaflet As you can see it is a spectrum from normal to severe symptoms. "borderline autistic" is a nonspecific term and not an official diagnosis. Best to see your doctor/the one who diagnosed you to get precise clarification/specific diagnosis ...Read more

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When was juvenile periodontitis discovered and by whom?

When was juvenile periodontitis discovered and by whom?

Dentist: See a dentist .... Juvenile periodontal disease, gum disease, is the early onset of oral disease and can be a precursor to other disease. Children need to be protected against gum disease and the loss of teeth by beginning proper oral care as infants. ...Read more

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