Doctor insights on:
What's The Difference Between Depression Vs Adjustment Disorder
Adjustment disorder: Adjustment disorder is a temporary problem related to some stressor. It can have symptoms of anxiety and depression which can be severe at times but short lived and resolves with counseling. Major depression by definition lasts over two weeks of moderate to severe symptoms and often needs for intensive treatement. ...Read more
Depression is a mood disorder that can affect behavior and emotions. Symptoms of depression include feeling down most of the time, losing interest in previously enjoyable activities, increase or decrease in appetite or weight, sleeping more or less, becoming easily agitated or lethargic, feeling worthless, feeling guilty, having difficulty concentrating, thinking more about death and dying. Depression can sometimes result in suicidal thoughts and plans. In this case, emergent ...Read more
No: Adjustment disorders are temporary psychological conditions usually brought on by stressors which seem to have greater impact on functional domains such as social, interpersonal, occupational. Symptoms often subside within six months and are not believed to be longterm or disabling. ...Read more
Can situational depression/ adjustment disorder turn into clinical depression if its not treated? Just asking for curiosity.
Depression: Depression of any sort be it through chemical imbalance, or environmental stress can worsen when not properly addressed, or treated. Get yourself evaluated for depression, see if medication is warranted, and find a reputable psychotherapist to help figure out what depression means to you. ...Read more
Former military. Diagnosed with anxiety and depression after 1 visit. No symptoms now. May have been acute adjustment disorder? Options with my record
This can be: Addressed with that branch of the service's board of corrections. But be prepared with written submission about why the original assessment was not accurate. ...Read more
Low mood has a cause: Adjustment disorders refer to reactions people have when something is happening in their life--usually bad, but not always, e.g., a job loss or failed relationship or hassles at work. Whatever the cause, reactions may vary from depression to anxiety to inappropriate behaviors. The expectation is that the person eventually will get through the "adjustment"; but, sometimes, it is chronic. ...Read more
Not likely: I agree with my colleague that "disablity" depends on what the condition does in the person's life. Adjustment disorders come in response to a stressor, and usually last no longer than 6 months (unless a very chronic, ongoing stressor). With help, the person is usually able to deal with the stressor so that it no longer dominates life -- and life can move on, along with fruitful occupation. ...Read more
Impairment: Bereavement is a natural consequence of loss; it allows us to mourn that which we have lost and readjust our world view. Although it makes us sad and may disrupt sleep and concentration for a time, it has a pretty predictable course. Adjustment disorder is a reaction to some sort of situation that causes disturbances in mood and/or behavioral that causes problems for the person and others. ...Read more
Dysthymia is mild: To meet the criteria for major depression, one has to have five depressive symptoms for two weeks, dysthymia, is a chronic mild depressive symptoms. Dysthymia can progress to become mdd/o. ...Read more
Periods of mania: In addition to episodes of depression bipolar pts have episodes of hyperactivity impulsiveness irritability suspended judgement hyper sexuality euphoria etc this is important because bipolar pts do better on mood stabilizers and antidepressants may push them into a manic episode. ...Read more
Possibly: I am not sure how you are using the term "depressive mood disorders." depression (major depression) is one of the depressive disorders, but there are other types. So, my answer largely depends on how you are using your terms. In general, there is not a big difference between the two terms. ...Read more
A few specifics: Clinical depression is a term that can encompass a number of so-called depressive disorders found in the dsm-iv-tr. They typically involve symptoms like depressed mood, loss of interest, sleep changes, sadness, feelings of worthlessness, and others. Dysthymic disorder is a more specific depressive disorder involving low-grade depression more days than not for 2 years in adults, 1 year in children. ...Read more
One pole, or two?: A depressive disorder is a "unipolar" mood disorder. This means that there's only one pole--the south pole (depressed). A bipolar mood disorder has two poles--the south pole (depression) and the north pole (mania, which includes a persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood). ...Read more
It's the old name: By definition and according to what is called the diagnostic manual, a person may fulfill the criteria for bipolar disorder and never been depressed a day in their lives. That is why "manic-depression, " is the old name and is confusing. A person may have only ever had a manic episode (or a mixed episode), but still be considered as having bipolar disorder. Many with bipolar d/o do have depression. ...Read more
No such thing: There is no such thing as "depressive personality disorder." depression is a mood disorder which involves sad mood, loss of interest in usual activities, difficulty concentrating ; making decisions, and changes in sleep (too little or too much), appetite (too little or too much) and energy (lethargy or agitation). There can be feelings of worthlessness, unreasonable guilt, and suicidal thoughts. ...Read more
SAD: They are the same. Other names are winter blues, summer blues. ...Read more
Borderline PD: Borderline pd has an enduring & pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, sense of self, and moods/affects. The person fears both abandonment and intimacy. Depression is a mood disorder with changes in sleep, energy & appetite -- and between episodes, the person is well. Borderline pd may experience "abandonment depression, " which has a different pattern and context. ...Read more
A person has to have had a manic episode to be considered to have a bipolar disorder.
A person has to meet criteria for major depression to have that condition and they would not have had a manic episode. Both conditions are treatable although the treatment is somewhat different. ...Read more
Bipolar: Bipolar disorder is an overall mood disorder which includes episodes of both mania and depression. Bipolar depression is just one of the "poles" of the disorder. Treatment with mood stabilizing medications can often help with both mania and depression in bipolar disorder. Depression is often more chronic than manic episodes, and can cause more ongoing suffering. ...Read more
Big difference: While schizoid personality refers to a relatively set way of integrating information, processing and outward behaviors (i.e. Personality), depression refers to very specific symptoms that cause dysfunction in daily life. These symptoms can affect sleep, eating, energy, interest in life. While people with schizoid personality can get depressed, they are usually not affected by their traits. ...Read more
What exactly is the difference between regular depression/anxiety and borderline personality disorder?
Complex question but: I'll try - there are many types of dep & anx. Briefly, dep is like walking thru life w lead boots on & everything sucks; anx is either worry or panic usually & can be exhausting so people describe as feeling "depressed." borderline pd is a long term way of functioning that mostly is about trouble w interpersonal relationships. Google it for diagnostic criteria, but see a therapist to evaluate. ...Read more
Mania: People who suffer from manic depression ("bipolar") have two poles of extreme mood--both depression (low) and mania (high) as colleagues have described. It's important to realize that with just episodes of depression, it is not certain whether the depression is "unipolar" or part of "bipolar". Once one has a manic episode, bipolar is confirmed, even if the depression has not yet appeared. ...Read more
Can you explain the difference between recurrent major depression with mood lability and bipolar disorder?
Different problems: With major depression you have serious depressive symptoms like sadness and hopelessness. It can be constant or come and go. Mood lability is when you mood fluctuates frequently, feeling okay one minute then sad or angry the next. With bipolar disorder you can have depression but you also have mania or hypomania, conditions with increased arousal. See doctor if you have either. ...Read more
Can be confusing: The difficulty is that people with bipolar can have a few of the same symptoms as people with borderline personality (bpd). Also, the names are similar and someone can have both disorders! One sign of bipolar (vs. Bpd) is a positive response to mood stabilizing medication without a pathological fear of abandonment and chronically chaotic relationship patterns. ...Read more
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