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Doctor insights on: What Type Of Damage Is Caused By Smallpox

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What is the cause of smallpox?

What is the cause of smallpox?

Variola Virus: Smallpox is caused by the variola virus, which is a large dna virus that is rather contagious and easily transmissible from humans to humans. ...Read more

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
133 Doctors shared insights

Smallpox (Definition)

An infectious disease caused by viruses Variola Major and Variola Minor that was a significant cause of death before ...Read more


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What kind of damage does smallpox cause?

Death, disfigureing: The case fatality rate for smallpox ran ~30% in most forms up to 100% in malignant forms. Dimed sized facial "pox" often left permanent reminders of those that survived the disease. Severe fever leading to being bedridden was common in the first wk. Since there have been no cases since 1977 & those only in the third world, few doctors now in practice have ever seen a case. ...Read more

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What disease is caused by the smallpox virus?

What disease is caused by the smallpox virus?

Smallpox: There were 2 clinical types of smallpox. Variola minor was less severe than Variola Major. Smallpox from Variola Minor had a death rate of 1% or less. 90% or > unvaccinated smallpox cases fell under the category of “ordinary Smallpox”. The overall fatality rate for Smallpox was 30%. Malignant (AKA flat) Smallpox made up 5 to 10% of cases, was usually fatal & mostly effected children. > ...Read more

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Can the smallpox vaccine cause chickenpox in an adult?

Can the smallpox vaccine cause chickenpox in an adult?

Smallpox&varicella: Small popx and varicella viruses are different and one cannot cause the other. ...Read more

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Can the smallpox vaccine cause extreme lower back pain?

Doubtful: The American public has not received routine smallpox vaccinations since 1972. The government only provides smallpox to several hundred scientists/ medical personnel in research settings. ...Read more

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Can I get smallpox?

No: Small pox has been eliminated from any possible exposure. There are two deposits of the virus left: one in the CDC deep freeze in Atlanta and one in a similar place in Russia. The only way you could get this disease would be by an act of terrorism which is very unlikely. ...Read more

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Is smallpox serious?

Yes and no: It's extremely serious if you get it. But since the disease has been eradicated frm the planet, it 's not a serious concern. ...Read more

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How can I get smallpox?

With great: Difficulty. Smallpox was eradicated in 1980. The exception was stocks of the virus maintained in liquid nitrogen at one lab in atlanta, georgia and one lab in moscow. Both countries agreed along with the world health organization that they would destroy their remaining stocks. ...Read more

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How is smallpox treated?

Smallpox tx.: A Smallpox patient should be isolated in a negative-pressure room until all scabs have fallen off. Provide intravenous or oral hydration wi electrolyte/ fluid monitoring. The person should be vaccinated as soon as possible after exposure. Wound care is important. Use ventilatory support if required. Although there is no specific medication for Smallpox, cidofovir (antiviral) amy be helpful. > ...Read more

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How does smallpox spread?

Person to person: Contact with infectious material from an person with smallpox is how this was passed. There are no insects or animals that spread the germ. Since there has been no cases since 1977, we only hear about this from people worried it may resurface as a bioterror weapon. ...Read more

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How do you catch smallpox?

Smallpox: Human to Human transmission. The WHO announced World-wide eradication of Smallpox on May 8 1980. Smallpox has no animal reservoirs. So Smallpox would not return naturally. ...Read more

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How can you cure smallpox?

Smallpox: The WHO announced World-wide eradication of Smallpox on May 8 1980. Smallpox has no animal reservoirs. So Smallpox would not return naturally. A Smallpox patient should be isolated in a negative-pressure room until all scabs have fallen off. Provide intravenous or oral hydration wi electrolyte/ fluid monitoring. The person should be vaccinated as soon as possible after exposure. Wound care is ...Read more

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How is smallpox transmitted?

Inhaling the virus: Smallpox is highly contagious. In most cases, people get smallpox by inhaling droplets of saliva, which are full of virus, during face-to-face contact with an infected person. ...Read more

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Was smallpox truly eradicated?

Smallpox: All natural sources of smallpox have been eradicated. The WHO announced World-wide eradication of Smallpox on May 8 1980. Smallpox has no animal reservoirs. So Smallpox would not return naturally. ...Read more

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What is the vector for smallpox?

Humans: Of our major plague like illnesses, smallpox is somewhat unique in having no animal or insect carrier. Exposure to infective material from humans was the only known form of transmission. This aided eradication as immunized health providers created a "wall" around active cases. The WHO offered a bounty for reporting any cases as the illness wound down & none were found in the wild after 1977. ...Read more

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Where does smallpox still exist?

Smallpox: The WHO announced World-wide eradication of Smallpox on May 8 1980. There may still be some quantities of smallpox in limited research labs but it no longer occurs naturally. ...Read more

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What are the tests for smallpox?

What are the tests for smallpox?

None: Smallpox was eradicated in 1979. There were non-specific blood tests. The diagnosis was made based on the rash and the clinical picture as well as the knowledge of an outbreak. ...Read more

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How many forms of smallpox exist?

Two forms of smallpo: Historically there have been two forms of the disease. Variola major was the main form of the disease that caused all sorts of medical problems. Variola minor was much less common, much less severe, and only about 1% of all smallpox infections. There hasn't been a smallpox infection in the world since 1978, so you are unlikely to see either of these viruses. ...Read more

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Is it possible to die from smallpox?

Currently there is: No Smallpox in nature. It is considered an eradicated disease. When it occurred, it was deadly. Smallpox from Variola Minor had a death rate of 1% or less. 90% of unvaccinated smallpox cases fell under the category of “ordinary Smallpox”. The overall fatality rate for Smallpox was 30%. Malignant (AKA flat) Smallpox made up 5 to 10% of cases, was usually fatal & mostly effected children. ...Read more

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