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Doctor insights on: What Sort Of Problem Is Atherosclerosis

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What sort of problem is atherosclerosis?

What sort of problem is atherosclerosis?

Disease of arteries: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process which occurs in arteries. Advanced stages cause narrowing of the arteries involved. The narrowing can lead to complete blockage of blood flow or to what is termed "plaque rupture" (when pieces of the lining of diseased artery break free. Clot forms and floats downstream). In the heart this causes heart attacks, in the brain this causes strokes.

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Dr. Milton Alvis Jr
394 doctors shared insights

Atherosclerosis (Definition)

Atherosclerosis is a common disease affecting the walls of arteries. Commonly described as "clogged" blood vessels, it can cause heart attack or stroke even without severe blockages: e.g., if blood clots form on plaques. High levels of LDL cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, high blood pressure, & aging can all contribute to atherosclerosis, but prevention is possible ...Read more


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Can one say that atherosclerosis is an autoimmune problem?

Can one say that atherosclerosis is an autoimmune problem?

No: There is no evidence that atherosclerosis is an autoimmune problem, meaning that the immune system attacks the body's own tissues.

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I am probably silly to lose sleep over this, but I don't want to have the same problems as my ancestors. How can I prevent atherosclerosis?

I am probably silly to lose sleep over this, but I don't want to have the same problems as my ancestors. How can I prevent atherosclerosis?

Healthy lifestyle: There are no guarantees, but you may decrease risk of atherosclerosis by eating a plant-based diet or one with small amounts of lean meat and fish. Look into the mediterranean diet, which includes olive oil, nuts, fruit, veggies & fish. Whole grains have been shown to decrease risk. Aerobic exercise to keep your cardiovascular system tuned. If you tend to have a lot of anger, consider counseling.

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What is atherosclerosis?

Plaque: buildup of plaque and cholesterol deposits, etc. in the arteries--- "hardening of the arteries". Risk factors--- smoking, family history, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, age

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What's atherosclerosis from?

What's atherosclerosis from?

Multifactorial: Usually a combination of having a family history, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking. These are the main players.

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What causes atherosclerosis?

What causes atherosclerosis?

Multiple Factors: Atherosclerosis, also known as “hardening of the arteries”, occurs when areas of the artery wall thicken in response to either increased modifiable (high LDL particle levels, smoking or high blood pressure )and non-modifiable (genetics, age, gender) risk factors. Over time, areas of focal thickening may grow into a larger lesion called a “plaque" that can limit blood flow through the vessel.

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Can atherosclerosis be cured?

No: Medications and life style changes can prevent it from progressing and at times cause some regression, but will not cure it.

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Is atherosclerosis hereditary?

Is atherosclerosis hereditary?

It can be: Yes, atherosclerosis, cholesterol and many other factors can be hereditary - there is a genetic factor - but that is not the end of the story. Smoking, diabetes, overweight/obesity, diet, exercise, cholesterol control (i.e. The preceeding and medications) can influence the progress of atherosclerosis. 1st: know you numbers, 2nd: control the aforementioned factors and take your rx(s).

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What does atherosclerosis mean?

Plaque build up: It is hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them.

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How does atherosclerosis start?

How does atherosclerosis start?

Multiple causes: Atherosclerosis is a complex process with diffrent risk factors. Age, htn, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history, tobacco use. The liningof blood vessel has a barrier that protects it. If something causes damage to this, than cholesterol can enter the wall of the vessel and accumulate. Such things as high blood pressue and diabetes are examples of dz that can damage the lining and promote ashd.

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Can you reverse atherosclerosis?

Maybe: Medication and life style changes can prevent progression and in some cases cause some reversal of the disease.

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What happens in atherosclerosis?

What happens in atherosclerosis?

Progression, Closure: White blood cells, mostly macrophages, invade the walls of the arteries to remove low density lipoprotein (fat carrying protein) particles. Macrophages die if overwhelmed with LDL & cannot export their ingested fat into high density lipoprotein particles. The artery wall thickens & enlarges; no symptoms decades. Plaque rupture induces sudden clots, debris downstream, sudden narrowing & closure.

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When could atherosclerosis begin?

When could atherosclerosis begin?

Even in Pre-teens: While atherosclerosis is detectable in preteens it's consequences typically do the manifest until the 50's or later. Atherosclerosis is primarily a consequence of an unhealthy diet with obesity being the main risk factor.

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How does atherosclerosis progress?

Slowly: Atheroscleroisis is a slow degenerative and proliferative process until a plaque ruptures and ulcerates, suddenly sub-totally blocking an artery. The process is completed by a clot forming at the site of ulceration. Until that day, it's a silent, gradual buildup of cholesterol, calcium, smooth muscle cells, macrophages and debris.

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When does atherosclerosis develop?

Can start as child: It is a progressive hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer.This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body.The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them.

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What is atherosclerosis linked to?

Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a fancy name for disease of the arteries: risk factors are: genetics (your parents :-)), smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity. There are other, secondary risks that are determined by specialized blood tests.

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How can atherosclerosis be avoided?

Atherosclerosis: By controlling the risks : 1. Treat high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol/triglycerides, diabetes. 2. Quit smoking 3. Lose weight if obese, exercise regularly 4. Healthy diet.

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Dr. Steven Busuttil
245 doctors shared insights

Blocked Arteries (Definition)

Blocked arteries is a condition in which a person has decreased or no blood flow in one or more of his arteries, due to obstructions inside the artery such as thick plaques, floating clumps of broken plaques, blood clots, etc... Severe compression due to a problem on the outside of an artery can also ...Read more