Doctor insights on:
What Sort Of Problem Is Aortic Regurgitation
Rare CHD: A rare congenital heart defect. The pulmonary valve doesn’t form and not enough blood can flow to the lungs to get oxygen; only through the PDA (patent ductus arteriosus). It often occurs as part of a condition called tetralogy of fallot. There is usually a hole between the left and right ventricles of the heart (ventricular septal defect). Surgery as a newborn is required. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Disease of arteries: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process which occurs in arteries. Advanced stages cause narrowing of the arteries involved. The narrowing can lead to complete blockage of blood flow or to what is termed "plaque rupture" (when pieces of the lining of diseased artery break free. Clot forms and floats downstream). In the heart this causes heart attacks, in the brain this causes strokes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Enlarged blood vesse: An aneurysm is an enlarged blood vessel typically created by a weakness in the wall. The pouching is generally thin and weak and prone to rupture. Think of a tire that gets bubbles in its wall before popping. They can happen anywhere, but aorta and brain are common. They have many causes, but high blood pressure and smoking are often factors. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What are the underlying causes of aortic valve cusp prolapse? Is there always regurgitation with it?
Irregular: Atrial fibrillation occurs when the atria, which deliver blood to the ventricles, receive an abnormal electrical signal and then beat erratically instead of in a coordinated, strong beat. The danger of atrial fibrillation is that the blood in the atria tends to stay there instead of getting pumped fully into the ventricles. This slow moving blood in the atria can then form blood clots. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries. This happens from fat, cholesterol or other harmful substances stick to the wall of the artery and form a plaque. Over time, the plaque can grow and end up closing off most of the artery. This causes a decreased blood flow and you can get problems with the heart from not getting enough blood. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Valve: The valve opens to allow flow out of the heart to the body. If it doesn't open properly we call this stenosis. It has to close properly to keep blood flowing in a forward direction. If it doesn't we call this insufficiency. Either or both abnormalities can exist in the valve. Severe stenosis results in decreased cardiac output eventually as does severe insufficiency. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
ASD: ASD is a congenital (present since birth) heart defect in which the wall that separates the 2 upper chambers (atria) is perforated allowing the abnormal mixing of oxygenated and un-oxygenated blood. If large enough, it can lead to rhythm disturbances and heart failure but if small, no treatment is necessary. Echo and MRI are very accurate in assessing the severity. It is correctable/curable. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Less common than AF: Atrial fluter less common than atrial fibrillation, and is often a indcator of future atrial fibrillation onset. You may not notice them, or you may feel a flutering in your chest. Atrial flutter can be caused by scarring in the heart resulting from prior cardiac disease or heart surgery, but it can also occur in some patients with no other identifiable heart problems. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Stenosis : Blood will have trouble going between heart chambers and great vessels. Depending on the chronicity and the degree of stenosis, bad damage can happen to your lung circulation and your heart chambers. Consequences can be catastrophic. Heart attacks, syncope, heart failure, arrhthmias, sudden death. Common causes are uncontrol htn, congenital bicuspid aortic valve, infections/iv street drugs etc. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Failure of closure: The fetus is busy around 20-30 days in when the nervous system starts forming along a line like a trench. The trench folds in on itself and begins to form a tube, sealing itself in the middle first and moving toward both ends like two zippers. When the top end fails to close, many brain structures don't form & we have anencephaly.At the bottom, we get spina bifida. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Myxomatous change: Mitral valve prolapse is due to the mitral valve tissue being slightly redundant. Often this is related to slight thickening of the tissue and stretching of the chords that guide how far the valve moves. Sometimes the valve leaks, other times not. In may cases this is completely benign. Sometimes people feel their heart skip. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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