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Doctor insights on: What Other Brain Disorders Can The Msafp Screening Identify

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What other brain disorders can the msafp screening identify?

What other brain disorders can the msafp screening identify?

MSAFP: The msafp is a screen for an open neural tube abnormality in the fetus. It identifies spina bifida, which can also cause hydrocephalus. It also is a screen for down syndrome and trisomy 18, both of which affect the brain. ...Read more

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Dr. Gary Sandler
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Screening (Definition)

Examples are: colonoscopy for colon polyp or cancer; mammograms for breast lesions or cancer; psa a blood test that could indicate enlargement of cancerous prostate tissue; blood sugar or hemoglobin a!c for diabetes. Many think that scanning the whole body will pick up a cancer--in all likelihood, it will not. There also is no good blood test, yet, ...Read more


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What type of scan can diagnose neurological disorders and inflammation?

What type of scan can diagnose neurological disorders and inflammation?

Neurological disorde: At the top of the list would be a MRI followed by a CT scanning ...Read more

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Can someone explain the oncoblot test that states it can identify 26 types of cancers with a blood test?

Can someone explain the oncoblot test that states it can identify 26 types of cancers with a blood test?

Yes: There is a protein that only exists on the surface of these types of cancer cells that the test detects well enough to be the choice in Nat'l Agency research efforts. Here's a clear explanation from a website - there are many. http://www.cancercenterforhealing.com/early-cancer-detection/ Best! ...Read more

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What are the lab tests to be done to identify the renal function in early stages of chronic diabetes?

What are the lab tests to be done to identify the renal function in early stages of chronic diabetes?

Tests: Here is an article on what tests are useful: http://www.Kidneydoctorbradenton.Org/2013/03/how-do-physicians-check-your-kidneys.Html. ...Read more

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What are the specific blood and urine tests used to establish autoimmune diseases?

What are the specific blood and urine tests used to establish autoimmune diseases?

Many tests: There are a multitude of lab tests to detect autoimmune disorders and they can be quite confusing. A rheumatologist will order the specific tests based on his evaluation of the individual patient's signs and symptoms. ...Read more

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What tests can be done to diagnose parnaplastic syndrome of the nerve system?

What tests can be done to diagnose parnaplastic syndrome of the nerve system?

Depends: depends on the type of symptoms. with paraneoplastic neuropathy, usually anti-ri and anti-hu antibodies. others include voltage gated potassium antibodies, voltage gated calcium channels and NMDA receptor antibodies. The latter is common with paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. ...Read more

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What is/are the best test(s) for detecting a monoclonal plasma cell disorder? How sensitive are these tests? Which types of mpcds can they detect?

What is/are the best test(s) for detecting a monoclonal plasma cell disorder? How sensitive are these tests? Which types of mpcds can they detect?

SPEP: The best test is a serum protein electrophoresis. It is very sensitive and specific. The disease is rare in anyone under the age of 40. For the vast majority of people the disease does not progress for many years 10-20+ so there is no role for screening. ...Read more

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What is the best test available to detect small intestinal diseases including tumors .

What is the best test available to detect small intestinal diseases including tumors .

Tough question: It depends what is available. Video capsules have been used. From an imaging perspective some form of enteroclysis is best. Probably ct or mr enteroclysis is the best test, but these procedures are not widely available. Even traditional enteroclysis is not widely available. Routine imaging is usually done with ct and conventional small bowel follow through. ...Read more

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What are the minimum tests needed to diagnose mitochondrial disorder?

What are the minimum tests needed to diagnose mitochondrial disorder?

A good doctor: Mitochondria have their own dna, so mitochondrial gene mutations must be diagnosed at a lab such as dr. Boles at usc; but diagnosing mitochondrial dysfunction is a matter of appropriate interpretation of symptoms, as well as testing things such as vitamin B12 function (mma), mg (rbc), zn (rbc), and phase angle on body composition analysis. Find a doctor who knows mito disorders. ...Read more

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What are the tests used to diagnose upper motor neuron disorders?

What are the tests used to diagnose upper motor neuron disorders?

Clinical is the best: You've just stated a few hundred different disease processes that involve "UMN disorders." Which one did you have in mind? The best way to a diagnosis is a well trained neurologist who likes to examine their patients, judiciously use tests to help support their clinical thinking or help reorient them if necessary and not make snap decisions. Do you know anybody like that? That's who needs to see U ...Read more

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Can genome sequencing help to reveal the cause of an intellectual disability? How can an 'unknown cause' of it be eventually clarified?

Can genome sequencing help to reveal the cause of an intellectual disability? How can an 'unknown cause' of it be eventually clarified?

Yes: Causes of Intellectual Disability are: Chromosomal-30%, CNS malformations-15%, Congenital syndromes-5%, Metabolic-5%, Acquired-15%, Unknown-25-38%. Genetic testing revealed cause in 50% of these cases. Notably numerous other tests are important to diagnosis as well. Recent advances in cytogenetic & molecular genetic testing will lead to improved diagnosis & lower the % of unknowns in future. ...Read more

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What kind of tests can an allergist/immunologist perform to check for DNA disorders?

What kind of tests can an allergist/immunologist perform to check for DNA disorders?

Different ones: It depends on the clinical symptoms, age of the patient, and which dna disorder they are considering. There are many different disorders which can be diagnosed genetically (by looking at dna), and there are also specific dna structural disorders. Depending on what your allergist/immunologist is looking for, they can order the proper test, which may or may not be a dna one. ...Read more

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What kind of ear condition/disorder can be detected from brain mri?

What kind of ear condition/disorder can be detected from brain mri?

Tumor: The brain MRI is very helpful in detecting growths such as acoustic neuromas, and a variety of lesions in the cerebellar and brainstem area (cerebello-pontine triangle). Structural bony problems in the ear itself may be better seen with cat technology. Unlikely that we will visualize changes in the labyrinthine otoliths or even see an endolympathic fistula as these are too small. ...Read more

Dr. John Chiu Dr. Chiu
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I understand that an antibody screen can be used to detect a certain type of pneumonia, among other conditions. Can it also be used to identify various infections in the way that blood cultures can?

Dr. John Chiu Dr. Chiu
2 doctors agreed:
I understand that an antibody screen can be used to detect a certain type of pneumonia, among other  conditions.  Can it also be used to identify various infections in the way that blood cultures can?

Yes but: Usually an elevated IgM response to a particular organism indicates an acute infection. However doing IgM ab to a whole panel of bacteria is expensive and many of the tests are not available. The culture method is the default test but can be false-negative in many cases. In the future, I believe PCR analysis of bacterial DNA or a bacterial DNA microarray assays will likely be the way to go. ...Read more

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Can you tell me if there are other ways to detect vascular or neural abnormalities in the head other than a CT scan or brain mr?

Can you tell me if there are other ways to detect vascular or neural abnormalities in the head other than a CT scan or brain mr?

Those are good: Mri really is best at evaluating for neural or vascular abnormalities. With contrast, they can do an mra (mr angiogram). One alternative would be a traditional angiogram where a catheter is inserted into a major vessel that goes to the brain and dye can be injected (much more invasive than an mra). That can see vascular abnomalies, but not neural isseus. ...Read more

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Is the diagnose of autism always accurate in a child, or do many other disorders cause autism behaviors?

Is the diagnose of autism always accurate in a child, or do many other disorders cause autism behaviors?

Requires expertise: Autism can present in many forms, and other disorders can have elements that can be mistaken for it. Age also is important: 2 or 3 yo children present much differently than older ones or adolescents. No behaviors associated with autism occur only with autism. Experts look at the total picture, both how development is going and what impairments are present. So, far no biological tests. ...Read more

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