Doctor insights on:
What Kinds Of Cancer Affect The Abdomen
Summary: MS is an autoimmune disorder which affects, brain, spinal cord, and eyes. The most common type is relapsing/remitting, but also primary progressive, secondary progressive, relapsing progressive, and benign. CIS is an initial phase usually of relapsing/remitting, and RIS is finding MS activity on an MRI prior to the disease presenting clinically. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
They can vary.: In older patients, physicians presume that "rectal bleeding is colon cancer until proven otherwise". Worrisome signs can include pain, diarrhea, constipation, blockage of the intestine, weakness, fatigue, weight loss, and even an enlarging lump that can be felt under the skin. These signs don't necessarily mean that one has colon cancer. The goal is to find colon cancer before any signs appear. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Good: Breast Cancer like all malignancies is programmed to spread. When first appearing as a lesion growing out of the milk duct, it remains in-situ for a period of time because clones or populations that spread havnt formed. As early mutations occur new populations of cells will leave the primary to spread, so that the rule is: The earlier the diagnosis the better the chance of cure. ...Read more
Is a malignancy: Colon cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer in the US, in men and women. Screening starts at the age of 40 years with stool samples for blood, and yearly rectal examination. Baseline colonoscopy starts at the age of 50. Treatment depends at the time of diagnosis. Usually involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation for rectal cancers. ...Read more
Visceral problems: Masses related to cancer that appear in the abdomen have to be distinguished from lesions arising in retroperitoneum behind the abdominal content i.e. renal lesions or retroperitoneal sarcomas. In the abdomen the typical lesion is of stomach or bowel origin. Here one finds masses that grow, bleed and eventually obstruct bowel. When spread, the common site is to liver to cause jaundice. ...Read more
Combination : Environmental and genetic factors can increase the likelihood of developing colorectal cancer. 70% of cases are sporadic cases, only about 10% is a true inherited cancer and approximately 25% is familial type. Some risk factors include- inflammatory bowel disease, dietary habit ( processed red meat), dm, alcohol, growth hormone, obesity, cigarette, immunosupressant , age, etc. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Quite different: The symptoms for colon and stomach cancer are quite different, as is the prognosis and treatment. For colon cancer, symptoms do not usually appear until quite late, include blood loss anemia, blood in stool, vague abdominal pain and difficulty with bowel. Stomach cancer may present with weight loss, abdominal pain, and anemia. Prognosis is much worse with stomach cancer. ...Read more
Many: Most "bladder cancer" in the US refers to urothelial carcinoma (previously called transitional cell carcinoma). This accounts for 90% of "bladder cancer". Squamous cell and adenocarcinoma are more rare types acounting for 8% or so. These are associated with chronic inflammation/irritation or genetic predisposition. There is conflicting evidence if any of the above types are worse than the others. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Survival, but.....: Used to be, the short answer was simply survival risk with stage 1 having the best prognosis and stage IV the worst. While stages 1/2 still have the highest survival rates but improved surgical techniques and chemotherapy and i'd add lifestyle changes, have leveled the playing field greatly. Colon cancer, even advanced is often quite treatable. ...Read more
Are the symptoms of any cancer in the region of the throat, neck, and what kinds of cancers are there?
Throat involves: Swallowing, breathing and speaking. Changes in these are signs. Can also have pain going to the ear. The neck has muscles, blood vessels, nerves and a few lymphatic glands that enlarge with infections (hurt), and tumor (usually do not hurt. (endocrine glands: thyroid and parathyroid are in the low neck as well. Cancers usually are squamous. These are assoc with tobacco & hpv. ...Read more
The extent of cancer: ...is typically categorized into various stages. A complete diagnostic evaluation is needed to determine a cancer's stage. Criteria are the size of the primary tumor, the involvement of regional lymph nodes, invasion into tissue outside the breast, or more distant metastasis. Staging systems are usually numbered I-IV with various subdivisions. See http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/breast/Patient/page2 ...Read more
This is complex..: The hope is to diagnosis breast cancer when it is confined to the breast. At this stage, the cancer does not affect the rest of the body, but the treatments can (side effects). When a cancer spreads, the effects depend on the area of the body that contains the cells that have spread. Most common: lungs, liver, brain, bone. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No single answer: Cough, chest pain, blood in sputim, shortness of breath, weight loss are all possible symptoms of lung cancer, but are not exclusive to lung cancer. As the disease can spread to other organs, headache, weakness or numbness may signify involvement of the brain, pain in bones may signify bone involvement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What are the survival rates for the various types of breast cancer surgeries? Does the type of surgery affect whether the cancer will reappear?
Equal survival: The survival rates for breast conservation and mastectomy are the same. There is a slightly higher rate of local recurrence for breast conservation (with radiation it should be <1% per year out to 10 years) but this does not impact survival which is the most important consideration of any cancer treatment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Difficulty swallowin: Cardinal sign of esophagus cancer, weight loss. Associated with alcohol and smoking. Stomach cancer can begin as an ulcer, with heart burn, indigestion, belching, unusually vomiting blood, but slow ooze can lead to anemai, fatigue, weight loss. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Primary vs secondary: Cardiac tumors are rare to start Secondary tumors or metastases from a separate cancer are the most common cancer to go to heart (Lung cancer & lymphoma. most commonly) Primary tumors of the heart are even more rare. The most common of these are myxomas which are benign. Angiosarcoma is the most common aggressive primary tumor of the heart. Imaging with CT or MRI is the most helpful in assessment ...Read more
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