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Doctor insights on: What Kind Of Condition Is Down Syndrome In A Baby

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What kind of condition is Down syndrome in a baby?

What kind of condition is Down syndrome in a baby?

Chromosomal disorder: Down syndrome or trisomy 21 is a condition cause by an extra (usually maternal) chromosome #21. It cause a typical features(large tongue up slanting eyes sandal toe) as well as mental retardation. Other medical conditions such as leukemias and orthopedic conditions are also more common. Increased incidence is seen with older mothers. ...Read more

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Dr. Kathryn Akin
646 doctors shared insights

Down Syndrome (Definition)

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing ...Read more


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What are signs of Down syndrome in an infant?

What are signs of Down syndrome in an infant?

Complex issue: Children with downs syndrome can be seriously ill at birth. They may have heart disease, bowel obstruction, serious lung disease, blood sugar problems. If these are not present, they may be healthy but hypotonic with trouble feeding. Usually they have obvious features of their face and ears and hands that suggest the diagnosis. Chromosome testing will confirm the diagnosis. ...Read more

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What can I do to help babies /kids with down syndrome?

Help for Downs: There are services such as early intervention to assist children under 3 years of age. Special services are school responsibility after that. There are down syndrome support groups which can be very supportive. Many medical centers have down syndrome clinics to provide comprehensive care. My grandson has down syndrome. His parents find these services to be very helpful. ...Read more

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My babies neck tissue measurement was high and they say he could have down syndrome. Can you explain this?

My babies neck tissue measurement was high and they say he could have down syndrome. Can you explain this?

Need more info: Babies with down syndrome typically have short necks with extra tissue. Having this noted on ultrasound does not necessarily mean the baby has down syndrome, but other tests will be necessary to know this. ...Read more

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Can extremely high sugar level in a male lead to (down syndrome) in his offspring. We are so scared of making babies.

Can extremely high sugar level in a male lead to (down syndrome) in his offspring. We are so scared of making babies.

No: Males get a bit of a pass on the ds issue.You make millions of sperm that are constantly renewed and only the healthiest sperm swim well enough to conceive.Any weak ones wouldn't do the deed. Women present only one egg at a time and those show the accumulated effect of toxins an the like. You may benefit from talking with a genetic counselor to explore any risk issues. ...Read more

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Do Down syndrome babies grow at a smaller rate in womb?

Do Down syndrome babies grow at a smaller rate in womb?

No: They tend to grow at a pretty normal rate prior to birth. Deficiencies in linear growth will eventually occcur in the average ds kid as they grow older. However, some maintain a relatively normal rate of growth, dependingg on other factors affecting their health. ...Read more

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Do babies with Down syndrome have swallowing problems in the womb?

Do babies with Down syndrome have swallowing problems in the womb?

Not specifically: Ds infants can have any of the sporadic issues that affect non ds infants, like esophageal atresia, where the swallowing tube is not hooked up, or urinary tract defects, both of which can lead to poor amniotic fluid production. ...Read more

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How long can an infant with Down syndrome & eisenmenger live? The vsd is still very open. Are there effective treatments?

Depends: Trisomy 21 with a vsd and eisenmenger's has, unfortunately, a poor prognosis. The length of survival is variable and depends on the severity of the pulmonary hypertension as well as any other conditions. Treatments depend on those factors as well. Please discuss your child's specific prognosis with your cardiologist. ...Read more

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Do babies with Down syndrome usually weigh more or less in the womb?

No correct answer: Children with down's syndrome have certain features that are indicative while in utero. Weight is not one of them. In utero weight is dependent on so many factors including maternal factors that fetal weight cannot be used with any accuracy. In my experience, children with down syndrome often weigh similar to their siblings in utero. ...Read more

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What kind of genetic disease is Down syndrome considered?

Chromosomal abnormal: Down syndrom is considered a chromosomal abnormality due to the presence of three number 21 chromosomes instead of the normal 2. ...Read more

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Is there a type of mosaic Down syndrome that doesn't require the mutation to come from either parent to have a downs child?

Yes: A mosaic down syndrome child can come from a normal egg and normal sperm, produced by normal parents. The fertilized egg would start out normal with 46 chromosomes. It can divide into 2 normal cells, which themselves divide again. If on one of the early divisions, one cell ends up with an extra #21 chromosome and survives to continue dividing, the child will be mosaic with some trisomy 21 cells. ...Read more

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What are the signs of Down syndrome in a baby?

What are the signs of Down syndrome in a baby?

Loose tone: The infant with down syndrome will usual have loose tone, very flexible joints and be delayed in sitting and walking. They usually scoot rather than crawl. Their develop can improve rapidly with good directed play. They usually have problems chewing and swallowing with frequent coughing and chocking. But this will also improve with time. Speech is slow and difficult. ...Read more

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What kind of education is best for a Down syndrome person?

What kind of education is best for a Down syndrome person?

Early Intervention : Improves development, especially in fine-motor, social & self-help skills. Early childhood special ed at 3, with iep's including long-term speech & language, occupational, physical & behavioral therapy. Visual organizers, schedules & written/pictorial instructions work well because of strengths in visual motor skills & weakness in verbal short-term memory. Balance inclusion & special ed classes. ...Read more

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What kind of testing is there besides amniocentesis for down syndrome?

What kind of testing is there besides amniocentesis for down syndrome?

Screening / specific: There are some early screening tests like the maternal AFP determination or of a prenatal ultrasound that can be suggestive of ds but are not specific. The amniocentesis gathers cells that were shed by baby during pregnancy.Chromosome study of these cells is specific and dependable to confirm or exclude genetic disorders like ds. ...Read more

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What kind of support is there for families whose infants have down syndrome?

What kind of support is there for families whose infants have down syndrome?

Many support groups: Internet resources for parents of children with down syndrome include the national association for down syndrome, at www.Nads.Org, a social networking site for parents of down syndrome children at www.Downsyndrome.Com, and sids network, a world of information and support, found at http://sids-network.Org. These groups have local chapters also. March of dimes is another place to seek support. ...Read more

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Why is my baby down syndrome?

Why is my baby down syndrome?

Chromosome defect: Ds is one of the more common chromosome(c) defects that can survive pregnancy (many others miscarry).Eggs are supposed to have a single 21c & combine with the 21 from dads normal sperm.In ds the pair of moms 21c +dad's 21 creates a baby with the three 21c in all tissues.This extra material confuses the creation of body parts causing ds..Various prenatal tests can pick up signs early on. ...Read more

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How to tell if a baby has down syndrome?

How to tell if a baby has down syndrome?

Before/after birth ?: There are a variety of screening or confirmatory tests that can be done during pregnancy. After birth, many physical features are suggestive of the diagnosis, but the physician involved would order a chromosome test to confirm or exclude the issue.Over the years,some had signs so mild many would miss the diagnosis.Others looked so different I didn't believe it. ...Read more