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Doctor insights on: What Is Urine Composed Of

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What is mean the presence of one plus(+) amorphous phosphate in urine?

What is mean the presence of one plus(+) amorphous phosphate in urine?

Not significant: Urine deposits when looked under microscope may show crystals of chemical products excreted by the kidney. This has no particular significance, so you can ignore it. Some people are prone to make kidney stones. In these folks we look carefully if they have excess of any stone forming chemicals. This is not one of them. So you do not need to worry. ...Read more

Urine (Definition)

Urine is the product of the kidneys, which is produced to eliminate the waste products of metabolism, manage body fluid balance, &maintain acid-base balance. The blood is first filtered by the kidneys, and the composition of the resulting fluid is then altered depending on the body's needs. It is composed of mostly water, and breakdown products from blood cells impart ...Read more


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What is urine composed of?

What is urine composed of?

Water ,waste,salts: Urine is made from blood filtering through the kidneys.Waste which are several chemicals generated from what you eat are eliminated , also excesss water and salts such as sodium and pottassium are also regulated.Acid base balance is also one of the many functionsof the kidney acheived from making urine. ...Read more

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What substance is responsible for the yellow color of urine?

What substance is responsible for the yellow color of urine?

Bilirubin: Your liver makes this product of hemoglobin metabolism which is yellow in color. It enters the blood stream and is filtered out by the kidney, coloring the urine yellow. ...Read more

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What is the cause of protein in urine usually?

What is the cause of protein in urine usually?

Many causes.: Renal disease from causes like diabetes, sle, and others accounts for the major reasons for protein in the urine. Protein should not be in the urine. The kidney basement membrane is supposed to keep it out. If it isn't intact, protein leaks out. In burns, accidents, etc., things like myoglobin leak out, and in poststrep. Glomerulonephritis, anythhing can leak out, but these resolve with rx.. ...Read more

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What is the cause of amorphous urates?.

What is the cause of amorphous urates?.

Breakdown products: These are breakdown metobolits of uric acid and a normal byproduct of body metabolism. ...Read more

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What is the color of urine in females?

What is the color of urine in females?

Varies: The color of urine in females is the same as it is in males and depends on the concentration and presence of chemicals that may alter it. Normal urine color might vary from light amber/straw like to dark yellow (honey). ...Read more

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Hi what is the meaning of ph6 in urine?

Hi what is the meaning of ph6 in urine?

Acid-base status: The ph scale measures acidity and basicity. Higher ph means the urine is more basic and lower ph means it is more acidic. Normal range for urine can be between 4.5 - 8.0 according to most sources. Medication and various medical conditions can affect ph, including multiple issues at one time making deciphering the meaning of the ph without more info difficult. ...Read more

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What is the difference between yellow urine and clearish urine?

What is the difference between yellow urine and clearish urine?

Relative dilution: The gradient of colorless -> yellow urine is based, among other factors, on the relative dilution of the excreted waste. Increasing intake of water leads the kidneys to excrete more water for the same amount of excreted waste thereby diluting urine color to be lighter "clearish". Vitamin intake also makes urine yellow. Please note, "clearish", vs cloudy, is a different issue with different causes. ...Read more

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What is the five condition of albumin in urine?

What is the five condition of albumin in urine?

Homework?: There aren't 'the five causes' -- if your teacher asks for these, try to find the textbook that he/she is using. Most important are orthostatic proteinuria (most common), leaky GBM (diabetes, amyloidoisis, membranous GN & its kindred, minimal change DZ / FSGS / any chronic kidney disease with hyperperfusion); most urinary tract infections, consider tumor. ...Read more

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What causes the presence of protein in urine?

What causes the presence of protein in urine?

Kidney disease: presence of protein in the urine is usually suggestive of underlying kidney disease. When the kidney filters get damaged the protein from blood tends to leak into the urine and causes further damage. most common causes are diabetes and high blood pressure. Please make appointment to see a kidney specialist. ...Read more

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What is the significance of the amount of urine output?

What is the significance of the amount of urine output?

It reflects intake: The kidneys send out obligatory losses of 10-12 oz daily to remove your body chemical waste. But any extra liquid intake that the body needs will go out too. If you take nothing in a 24 hrs and become somewhat dehydrated, the output will be only 10 oz or so. Alternatively, in kidney failure the output may go down below intake level causing fluid build up in body that may need water pills rx. ...Read more

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What is the normal level of epithelial cell in urine of pregnant lady?

What is the normal level of epithelial cell in urine of pregnant lady?

Contaminant: There is no "normal" amount of these cells. These are basically normal cells that represent contamination of the urine specimen with skin cells. It is very common and not concerning. ...Read more

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What are the causes of albumin in the urine and is it dangerous?

How much?: We all have small amounts of Albumin in the urine. More than 150 mg/day is abnormal. The more protein/albumin in urine the worse it is. Depending on the cause of Albumin and the amount of albumin, it can be dangerous. See this for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nephrotic-syndrome/ds01047/method=print. ...Read more

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What is the cause of coloration in urine?

What is the cause of coloration in urine?

Lots of things: Color of urine can be a refelection of how concentrated the urine is, if there is any blood in the urine, or if you have ingested & are clearing through your kidneys something that adds color to the urine, such as Azo standard/ pyridium, (phenazopyridine) which is used to help patients with bladder infections and has an orange color. Other meds can do similar things and have different colors. ...Read more

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What is the composition of human blood? What is it made of?

What is the composition of human blood? What is it made of?

Cells & fluid: Red cells (carry oxygen); white cells (fight infection); platelets (stop bleeding); and plasma, which keeps everything floating and moving along, plus has tons of proteins the body needs to function (hormones, antibodies, medications, electrolytes, etc., etc.). ...Read more

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What is the cause of white blood cells in urine?

Usually infection: Urinary infection is commonest cause of white blood cells in urine. Non-infectious causes include drug reaction, and crystals in urine. ...Read more