Doctor insights on:
What Is Urine Composed Of
Not significant: Urine deposits when looked under microscope may show crystals of chemical products excreted by the kidney. This has no particular significance, so you can ignore it. Some people are prone to make kidney stones. In these folks we look carefully if they have excess of any stone forming chemicals. This is not one of them. So you do not need to worry. ...Read more
Urine is the product of the kidneys, which is produced to eliminate the waste products of metabolism, manage body fluid balance, &maintain acid-base balance. The blood is first filtered by the kidneys, and the composition of the resulting fluid is then altered depending on the body's needs. It is composed of mostly water, and breakdown products from blood cells impart ...Read more
Water ,waste,salts: Urine is made from blood filtering through the kidneys.Waste which are several chemicals generated from what you eat are eliminated , also excesss water and salts such as sodium and pottassium are also regulated.Acid base balance is also one of the many functionsof the kidney acheived from making urine. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many causes.: Renal disease from causes like diabetes, sle, and others accounts for the major reasons for protein in the urine. Protein should not be in the urine. The kidney basement membrane is supposed to keep it out. If it isn't intact, protein leaks out. In burns, accidents, etc., things like myoglobin leak out, and in poststrep. Glomerulonephritis, anythhing can leak out, but these resolve with rx.. ...Read more
Acid-base status: The ph scale measures acidity and basicity. Higher ph means the urine is more basic and lower ph means it is more acidic. Normal range for urine can be between 4.5 - 8.0 according to most sources. Medication and various medical conditions can affect ph, including multiple issues at one time making deciphering the meaning of the ph without more info difficult. ...Read more
Relative dilution: The gradient of colorless -> yellow urine is based, among other factors, on the relative dilution of the excreted waste. Increasing intake of water leads the kidneys to excrete more water for the same amount of excreted waste thereby diluting urine color to be lighter "clearish". Vitamin intake also makes urine yellow. Please note, "clearish", vs cloudy, is a different issue with different causes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Homework?: There aren't 'the five causes' -- if your teacher asks for these, try to find the textbook that he/she is using. Most important are orthostatic proteinuria (most common), leaky GBM (diabetes, amyloidoisis, membranous GN & its kindred, minimal change DZ / FSGS / any chronic kidney disease with hyperperfusion); most urinary tract infections, consider tumor. ...Read more
Kidney disease: presence of protein in the urine is usually suggestive of underlying kidney disease. When the kidney filters get damaged the protein from blood tends to leak into the urine and causes further damage. most common causes are diabetes and high blood pressure. Please make appointment to see a kidney specialist. ...Read more
It reflects intake: The kidneys send out obligatory losses of 10-12 oz daily to remove your body chemical waste. But any extra liquid intake that the body needs will go out too. If you take nothing in a 24 hrs and become somewhat dehydrated, the output will be only 10 oz or so. Alternatively, in kidney failure the output may go down below intake level causing fluid build up in body that may need water pills rx. ...Read more
How much?: We all have small amounts of Albumin in the urine. More than 150 mg/day is abnormal. The more protein/albumin in urine the worse it is. Depending on the cause of Albumin and the amount of albumin, it can be dangerous. See this for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nephrotic-syndrome/ds01047/method=print. ...Read more
Lots of things: Color of urine can be a refelection of how concentrated the urine is, if there is any blood in the urine, or if you have ingested & are clearing through your kidneys something that adds color to the urine, such as Azo standard/ pyridium, (phenazopyridine) which is used to help patients with bladder infections and has an orange color. Other meds can do similar things and have different colors. ...Read more
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