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What Is The Significance Of Stenosis Of The Mitral Valve
It varies: Mild stenosis may casue no problems. Severe stenosis causes the pressure to increase in the left atrium, the lungs and eventually the right side of the heart. The left atrium enlarges in response to the higher pressure and the likelihood of atrial arrhythmias increases. Fluid can accumulate in the lungs causing shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more
Mitral stenosis: Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve caused by rheumatic fever. Progressive narrowing of the mitral valve can cause heart rhythm disturbances and the development of heart failure symptoms. This condition can be corrected with either mitral balloon valvuloplasty or surgery. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: This depends on how severe the stenosis is. It is important to see a cardiologist and continue to watch this condition closely as it changes over time, and you may need surgery at some point in time. ...Read more
If severe, surgery: True, classical mitral stenosis is caused by rheumatic fever. Some types can be very aggressive causing compromised cardiac output & symptoms of marked shortness of breath & fatigue. There are no medical interventions that treat mitral stenosis. This leaves, when the time is appropriate, surgical repair or replacement. Balloon based interventions have not proven to be satisfactorily effective. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Antibiotics: The majority of mitral stenosis is a result of rheumatic fever-caused by group a strep infection like strep throat. Treating the strep infection can prevent rheumatic fever. If rf occurs then long term (yrs) of low dose penicillin is required to prevent recurrence. The patient may also require long term steroids. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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