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What Is The Significance Of A Heart Valve Tendon
A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more
Stenosis : Blood will have trouble going between heart chambers and great vessels. Depending on the chronicity and the degree of stenosis, bad damage can happen to your lung circulation and your heart chambers. Consequences can be catastrophic. Heart attacks, syncope, heart failure, arrhthmias, sudden death. Common causes are uncontrol htn, congenital bicuspid aortic valve, infections/iv street drugs etc. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Valve: The valve opens to allow flow out of the heart to the body. If it doesn't open properly we call this stenosis. It has to close properly to keep blood flowing in a forward direction. If it doesn't we call this insufficiency. Either or both abnormalities can exist in the valve. Severe stenosis results in decreased cardiac output eventually as does severe insufficiency. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Mitral calcification: Under certain circumstances and with advanced age, the leaflets of the mitral valve can become loaded with calcium. This makes the leaflets stiffer and can limit the opening of the valve (mitral stenosis), causing a restriction of blood flow through the heart. There is another form of calcification in the mitral ring which usually does not cause any symptoms. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Better picture: Tee is a more comprehensive look at the heart compared to the trans thoracic view. It is done inside the esophagus and allows better images to be obtained of various areas within the heart. It requires sedation however since most people don't like big probes in their esophagus. It is a very safe procedure. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it does not; we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It varies: Mild stenosis may casue no problems. Severe stenosis causes the pressure to increase in the left atrium, the lungs and eventually the right side of the heart. The left atrium enlarges in response to the higher pressure and the likelihood of atrial arrhythmias increases. Fluid can accumulate in the lungs causing shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
AVR: Exactly what it says. If there is a problem with the aortic valve (between left ventricle and aorta) (either narrowed -stenotic- or leaking -insufficient) it can be surgically replaced. It can be replaced with a mechanical "metal" or tissue valve "pig valve". ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Endocarditis: The most common type of inflamed heart valve is due to infection, known as endocarditis. This is a life-threatening condition caused by germs, especially bacteria that attack heart valves causing holes, growths, thickening and scarring. This can lead to leaky valves. People with valve disease (except mild mitral valve prolapse without thickening or regurgitation) are at increased risk. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Mitral stenosis: Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve caused by rheumatic fever. Progressive narrowing of the mitral valve can cause heart rhythm disturbances and the development of heart failure symptoms. This condition can be corrected with either mitral balloon valvuloplasty or surgery. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
To direct flow: A heart valve functions to allow unidirectional blood flow. When chambers of the heart contract, one heart valve will open and one will close; this effectively allows only one low resistance pathway for the blood to follow. If there were no valves, blood would flow backwards from where it just came as well as forwards. This would significantly decrease the effectiveness of the heart as a pump. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Myxomatous change: Mitral valve prolapse is due to the mitral valve tissue being slightly redundant. Often this is related to slight thickening of the tissue and stretching of the chords that guide how far the valve moves. Sometimes the valve leaks, other times not. In may cases this is completely benign. Sometimes people feel their heart skip. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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