Doctor insights on:
Purpose Of The Adrenal Glands
Lovely adrenals: You're referring only to the interior part of the adrenal glands (medulla) -- with norepinephrine and epinephrine. The adrenal gland also has a cortex that secretes steroid hormones, without which you'd die. Aldosterone helps control your electrolyte balance and blood pressure, so that you can stand up without fainting. The adrenal cortex makes glucocorticoids & sex steroids from cholesterol. ...Read more
Endocrine glands: Adrenal glands are small triangular shaped glands that sit on top of your kidneys and produce neurotransmitters (epinephrine/norepinephrine), corticosteroids, and mineralcorticoids. They have many effects on the body, including salt/water balance, blood sugar balance, energy metabolism, and immune system regulation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
ACTH test: The adrenal makes cortisol and adrenaline, both of which are stress hormones. People who are stressed out and having trouble coping are sometimes persuaded that it’s the adrenal’s fault. This is usually not true. Poor adrenal function is determined by an acth (cotrosyn) stim test. See an endocrinologist if you have concerns. ...Read more
Adrenal gland: What are you treating them for? The treatment depends on what problem you have with them. In cushing's syndrome, the adrenals make too much cortisol and in addison's disease they make too little. The treatment of these diseases is quite different. Please rephrase your question for a meaningful answer. ...Read more
May not be needed: The adrenal makes cortisol and adrenaline, which are stress hormones. People who are stressed out are sometimes persuaded that it’s the adrenal’s fault. This is usually not true. "adrenal fatigue" is often a fake diagnosis. Poor adrenal function is determined by an acth (cotrosyn) stim test, and not by measuring just one blood or saliva level. See an endocrinologist about this if necessary. ...Read more
Making Hormones: The adrenal cortex makes aldosterone (key regulator of sodium, potassium, and water balance), cortisol (suppresses inflammation, helps the body adapt to illness and injuries), and testosterone-like hormones such as dhea-sulfate and androstenedione. The inner part, or medulla, makes adrenaline (epinephrine) and similar hormones that help your body in "fight or flight" emergencies. ...Read more
Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more
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