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Doctor insights on: What Is The Pathophysiology Of Kidney Stones

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What are the tests for kidney stone?

What are the tests for kidney stone?

Several: There are several tests used. The best test is the ct scan but has a lot of radiation. In addition, a kub x-ray, kidney ultrasound, and urinalysis are also used as adjunctive tests. ...Read more

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Dr. James Krick
790 doctors shared insights

Kidney Stones (Definition)

Seriously- renal stones are the result of postive and negatively charged particles in urine binding together and precipitating as solids- most frequently as calcium- oxalate. This happens most often when the urine is concentrated- ie when you are dehydrated. And trying to pass these stones from the kidney to the bladder is incredibly painful. ...Read more


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What exactly happens when a kidney stone passes out of the kidney?

What exactly happens when a kidney stone passes out of the kidney?

See below: When a stone passes out from the kidney it goes into the ureter which is a tube connecting the kidney to the urinary bladder. Depending on the size of the stone, it may either stay in the ureter and cause obstruction (with pain & blood in urine) or passes into the urinary bladder. From the urinary bladder it may eventually pass through the urethra to the outside. ...Read more

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Kidney stone attack - how to deal with it at home?

Kidney stone attack - how to deal with it at home?

Several things: Have your physician confirm the diagnosis. You should drink a lot of water. Your physician will prescribe pain medication and may also prescribe a medication like Flomax which may help the stone pass. Go to the hospital if you have fever, cannot tolerate the pain, or if you are vomiting and cannot drink. Stain your urine - you may use disposable coffee filters and save the stone. ...Read more

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What to do about a kidney stone and pain?

What to do about a kidney stone and pain?

Medicate and Hydrate: Whenever you are passing a stone, flank pain may ensue (associated nausea and vomiting). Usually fever, malaise , chills, rigors & weakness are not good signs & are usually associated with sepsis and you should receive urgent/emergent care. Small stones can be allow to pass by taking pain medications, hydration and Flomax (to dilate ureter). ...Read more

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How much will it hurt to pass a 3mm kidney stone? How long is the pain going to last?

How much will it hurt to pass a 3mm kidney stone? How long is the pain going to last?

Stone pain: Even small stone can cause tremendous pain....3mm stone has 70-80% chance of passing without doctor intervention...But still painful.. ...Read more

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How is kidney stone treated?

Small pass,big UroDr: Stones up to 5-6mm diameter can pass spontaneously, drink copiously . If stuck may require Flomax to dilate ureter, ureteroscopy or temp. Placement of jj stent. Electro-shockwave lithotripsy used for stones 6+-15 mm. Larger stones require percutaneous nephro-ltithotripsy (tube placed through skin into kidney, neproscope passed & stone fragmented with laser or lithoclast. Then metabolic work-up. ...Read more

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What r kidney stone symptoms?

What r kidney stone symptoms?

Pain: Depends. Sometimes are symptom free for years but if they start to move from kidney down the ureter people can experience intense pain that can come and go but usually some degree of continuous pain. As the stone move down toward the bladder the pain may change from the midback area moving down toward the bladder. People say this is one of the worst pains. Go to er or see your doctor asap. ...Read more

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What can b done to lessen kidney stone pain?

Narcotics: Narcotics (opiates) are the mainstay for pain relief. Examples includes oxycodone, morphine and dilaudid. Additional choices such as tylenol can help. Alpha blockers such as Flomax or uroxatral can relax the ureters and assist in stone passage. Remember to drink fluids to produce 2+ liters of urine daily. If admitted, request a pca (patient controlled IV anesthesia pump). ...Read more

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What can I do for 2x1 CM kidney stone?

Probable PNL: 2x1 CM stone is quite large and best managed by percuteous nephro-lithotripsy. This will involve having a tube placed in the kidney by urologist or interventional radiologist. Then nephroscope is passed thru tube and kidney is broken up by laser or lithoclst. Your stone is certainly to big for ureteroscopic lithotripsy and larger than recommendations for shockwave lithotripsy (most non-invasive). ...Read more

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What are signs of a kidney stone being stuck in your kidney?

Nephrolithiasis: Kidney stones typically leave the body by passage in the urine stream, and many stones are formed and passed without causing symptoms. If stones grow to sufficient size they can cause obstruction of the ureter. Ureteral obstruction can cause pain, vomiting, blood in urine., the pain typically comes and goes in waves lasting 20 to 30 minutes. ...Read more

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Dr. James Chapman
64 doctors shared insights

Kidney Stones (Definition)

Seriously- renal stones are the result of postive and negatively charged particles in urine binding together and precipitating as solids- most frequently as calcium- oxalate. This happens most often when the urine is concentrated- ie when you are dehydrated. And trying to pass these stones from the kidney to the bladder is incredibly painful. ...Read more


Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more