Doctor insights on:
What Is The Normal Amount Of Protein In Urine
Many causes.: Renal disease from causes like diabetes, sle, and others accounts for the major reasons for protein in the urine. Protein should not be in the urine. The kidney basement membrane is supposed to keep it out. If it isn't intact, protein leaks out. In burns, accidents, etc., things like myoglobin leak out, and in poststrep. Glomerulonephritis, anythhing can leak out, but these resolve with rx.. ...Read more
Urine is the product of the kidneys, which is produced to eliminate the waste products of metabolism, manage body fluid balance, &maintain acid-base balance. The blood is first filtered by the kidneys, and the composition of the resulting fluid is then altered depending on the body's needs. It is composed of mostly water, and breakdown products from blood cells impart ...Read more
It reflects intake: The kidneys send out obligatory losses of 10-12 oz daily to remove your body chemical waste. But any extra liquid intake that the body needs will go out too. If you take nothing in a 24 hrs and become somewhat dehydrated, the output will be only 10 oz or so. Alternatively, in kidney failure the output may go down below intake level causing fluid build up in body that may need water pills rx. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Homework?: There aren't 'the five causes' -- if your teacher asks for these, try to find the textbook that he/she is using. Most important are orthostatic proteinuria (most common), leaky GBM (diabetes, amyloidoisis, membranous GN & its kindred, minimal change DZ / FSGS / any chronic kidney disease with hyperperfusion); most urinary tract infections, consider tumor. ...Read more
What is the normal level of alubumin that can be in the urine during the end of 6th month of pregnancy?
Several things: The kidneys serve as a sieve and metabolic control system. If the kidneys are damaged, it is possible that proteins, casts, and blood cell components will be seen in the urine. This may be part of an infection or a more serious kidney damage. Further evaluation is recommended for this combination. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Urine potassium: The amount of urinary potassium (k) is dependent on the blood level of k. If you ingest a large k load and you have a normal k level, it is normal for you to have a high urinary k. If you have a high urinary k with a low k blood level, you are wasting k and may have somethinng wrong with your kidneys or you have a magnesium defecit. See a nephrololgoist for the reason your high urinary k level. ...Read more
Depends on blood : If your serum (blood) potassium levels are low then an increase in urine potassium is a problem since the kidney should be holding onto potassium in this situation. Possible causes are hyperaldosteronism (too much aldosterone) elevated bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) levels, gittleman's or bartter's syndrome, or a renal tubular acidosis. Go see a kidney doctor. If levels are ok then the increase in urine k is ok. ...Read more
RBC's in urine: Hematuria is not normal and is seen in bleeding in the urinary tract and could be due to a tumor of the kidney, kidney stones in the ureters or by a bladder tumor, among other things. Have your urine cultured and if you have hematuria with no uti, see a urologist for evaluation . If you do have a uti, have your urine analyzed after the infection to make sure it resolves. If not, see a urologist. ...Read more
See answer: Urobilinogen is a substance formed by the breakdown of bilirubin and a small amount of urobilinogen is normally found in urine and is measured in ehrlich units (eu). Significant amounts can be a sign of liver disease (cirrhosis, hepatitis); that the flow of bile from the gallbladder is blocked; or hemolysis (excessive breakdown of red blood cells). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
If bubbles on surface of water indicate protein in the urine, is protein in urine common or what does it signify?
How much?: We all have small amounts of Albumin in the urine. More than 150 mg/day is abnormal. The more protein/albumin in urine the worse it is. Depending on the cause of Albumin and the amount of albumin, it can be dangerous. See this for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nephrotic-syndrome/ds01047/method=print. ...Read more
Tests: This test is used to measure the metabolism of nitrogen containing substances in the urine by bacteria which may be causing infection. It is generally a worthless test with numerous false positive values and some false negative values. Tests, taken by themselves, out of the context of clinical signs and symptoms, seldom are of any value and can be confusing. ...Read more
Here are some...: For its details, go to http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2088184-overview. Best wish... ...Read more
Lots of things: Color of urine can be a refelection of how concentrated the urine is, if there is any blood in the urine, or if you have ingested & are clearing through your kidneys something that adds color to the urine, such as Azo standard/ pyridium, (phenazopyridine) which is used to help patients with bladder infections and has an orange color. Other meds can do similar things and have different colors. ...Read more
Protein is an expensive commodity for the body. The kidneys are entrusted to return protein back to the body during filtering, and not lose it to the urine. Losses > 150mg/day are indicative of a problem with the filtration mechanism of the kidney. A nephrologist should be consulted ...Read more
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