Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin: Type 1, aka: "juvenile " occurs when pancreas stops making Insulin altogether, and onset usually is in childhood/teens. They are dependent on Insulin administration. Type 2, or adult onset usually starts as increased resistance to the body's insulin, often from increased body fat. Can use meds to improve situation unless Insulin production fails. # of 2s outnumber 1s in us. ...Read moreSee 12 more doctor answers
Why you need insulin: Dm1 results because body can't make insulin, possibly due to a viral infections destroying the insulin-producing cells of pancreas, thus Insulin must be given. Little genetic compoment. Dm2 has a high genetic component and is related to Insulin resistance. Fat make body more resistant and the pancreas "tires out" trying to compensate. Diet, exercise, meds, later Insulin usually treat. ...Read more
Pathophysiology: Although both type i and type ii diabetes manifest with high blood sugars the basic underpinnings of the two are different. Type i diabetes is caused by an autoimmune destruction of the beta cells which make Insulin in the pancreas. It is not caused by diet or lifestyle choices. Type ii diabetes in children is most often associated with obesity and a family history of type ii diabetes. Children with this disease are very Insulin resistant. Eventually their bodies are unable to keep up with the Insulin demands and the blood sugars rise. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Diabetes: Type 1 dm results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and requires the person to inject Insulin or wear an Insulin pump. Type 2 dm results from Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use Insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute Insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (niddm) or "adult-onset diabetes". ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Diabetes: Type 1 dm results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and requires the person to inject Insulin or wear an Insulin pump. Type 2 dm results from Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use Insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute Insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (niddm) or "adult-onset diabetes". ...Read more
Chiari malformations: Type i is associated with a portion of the cerebellum called the tonsils, downwardly displaced through the foramen magnum at the base of the skull. Most are asymptomatic. Type ii is usually associated with a failure of the spinal cord to close and is often associated with hydrocephalus. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Insulin differences: In type 1 diabetes, your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough Insulin to overcome this resistance. ...Read more
Making insulin: The basic difference is in making your own insulin.In type one, something kills off the insulin production in your pancreas.Since it is needed to move glucose from the blood into the cells, you must get it from an outside source or your blood level goes up too much & you eventually die. In type 2, you can make it but it doesn't work as effectively.You take extra or pills that make it work better. ...Read more
Very different: Both types of diabetes are characterized by high blood glucose levels. Type i diabetes is caused by a failure of the islet cells in the pancreas to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is required to get glucose into the cells. In type ii diabetes, the pancreas produces Insulin but the cells don't use the Insulin in a normal fashion. This is sometimes called Insulin resistance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Insulin production: Type 1 dm is common in childhood & generally occurs after an infection kills off the Insulin production in the body. Insulin injections or pumps are the basic rx. Type 2 generally applies to adults who make Insulin but their body shows resistance to its effects & they need meds to help their existing Insulin work better or Insulin supplements. ...Read more
See below: Type 2 diabetes, it's increased by age, family history and (70-90%) obesity -- which causes Insulin resistance, necessitating higher Insulin by your pancreas and eventually exhausts pancreas' ability to make sufficient insulin. Symptoms are thirst, urination, weight loss, visual blurring, fatigue, etc. Type 1 is caused by lack of Insulin secretion, not excess. ...Read more
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