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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference In Symptoms Between Asthma And Emphysema

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Dr. Austina Cho
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Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


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What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt? How are they treated?

What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt?  How are they treated?

Emergency situations: As an emt in these cases you primary concern is to make sure the patient can breathe. In asthma, codp emphysema and "chronic bronchitis" a resuce inhaler like albuterol or ipratropium(copd) owuld be your first response. Steroid inhalers are not for rescue situations. ...Read more

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Difference between bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema in terms of lung?

Difference between bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema in terms of lung?

Difference...: Asthma is characterized by recurrent, reversible airway obstruction. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are both forms of COPD and are characterized by irreversible airway obstruction usually caused by smoking. Now, COPD patients can also have a reversible airway obstruction component and asthmatics can develop an irreversible component over time so there is overlap in this definition. ...Read more

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Can one have asthma and emphysema?

Can one have asthma and emphysema?

Yes: Asthma is a clinical diagnosis. Emphysema is a radiological diagnosis . Overlap between chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema is a known entity. However, pulmonary function testing and ct scan of the chest should atleast differentiate between asthma and emphysema, but once again they are not mutually exclusive conditions. ...Read more

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Could one person have asthma and emphysema at the same time?

Could one person have asthma and emphysema at the same time?

Yes : There is growing evidence that there may be a subset of patients who smoke that have a combination of emphysema and asthma. ...Read more

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Asthma and emphysema sufferers: what tips do you have for us?

Asthma and emphysema sufferers: what tips do you have for us?

Flu shot: Get a flu shot and if over 50 get a pneumonia shot, and use your inhalers regularly to avoid exacerbations. Prevention is the key. ...Read more

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How can a doctor tell if you have asthma or emphysema?

Diagnostic Testing: A combination of various x-rays and pulmonary function testing, including perhaps what is called a methacholine challenge test will help make a definitive diagnosis. Be sure to consult with a pulmonologist. ...Read more

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(pulmonary emphysema ) considered as one of the (asthma ) complications, how ?!

(pulmonary emphysema ) considered as one of the (asthma ) complications, how ?!

No, not really: Emphysema is destruction of lung tissue, most often due to smoking. It typically is not a "complication" of asthma. Now, asthma can cause lung problems, but emphysema is typically not one of them. ...Read more

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Bill was told he has start of Emphysema and he's never smoked. They said scarring from child hood asthma. Is there anything to slow progression?

Bill was told he has start of Emphysema and he's never smoked. They said scarring from child hood asthma. Is there anything to slow progression?

Aging lung changes: Some loss of air sacs in the lung with age alone occurs. This loss is called emphysema. Years of uncontrolled asthma at any age can damage the lung. Disorder called Alpha1 Antitrypsin where early in life emphysema is seen but unlikely cause here. Any chronic inhalation of smoke or chemical fumes can cause lung damage. Avoiding elements such as these and treating lung infections preserves the lung ...Read more

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Do I have emphysema? 28 10 pack years. Constant sob. Anxiety. Pft normal with very low dlco. Smoked before test. Dr says asthma. What other causes?

Do I have emphysema? 28 10 pack years. Constant sob. Anxiety. Pft normal with very low dlco. Smoked before test. Dr says asthma. What other causes?

Low DLCO: In asthma FEV1 is < 80% w/ FEV1/FVC ratio preserved, In COPD FEV1/FVC ratio is <0.7, FEV1is normal or low depending on stage of COPD. Low DLCO seen in fibrosis, vasculitis, emphysema- alveolar ( gas exchange ) area reduced due to destruction. FVC is low in restrictive disease. Smoking can worsen results of the test. If DLCO is low one would expect low FEV1/FVC unless intersitial f/u/doc ...Read more

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Which of these are restrictive: obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Which of these are restrictive: obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Restriction: Airway "obstruction" refers to limitation of air flow through the airways. "restriction" refers to processes that keep the lungs from opening fully when you inhale. Restriction can result from fibrosis, or thickening, of the lung as with diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. It can even be from something as simple as obesity or muscle weakness that keeps you from breathing deeply. ...Read more

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Asthma or emphysema? Dlco low on one pft doctor said performed wrong. Uploaded two tests. Who's available for second opinion?

Asthma or emphysema? Dlco low on one pft doctor said performed wrong. Uploaded two tests. Who's available for second opinion?

Depends: DLCO is the most challenging test to interpret properly when it comes to PFTs. How low was it? In addition, do you smoke? 28 is a bit young to develop emphysema, but there are other diseases that could cause these symptoms that aren't asthma. ...Read more

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What to do if I know obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema but what are the restrictive ones?

What to do if I know obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema but what are the restrictive ones?

See below: Exam question? The interstitial lung diseases (there are many) like Interstitial pneumonias from collagen vascular disease or idiopathic, Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia (BOOP), Respiratory Bronchiolitis Associated Interstitial Lung Disease (RBILD), Drug induced lung disease; also Obesity, Pregnancy, and Cirrhosis with ascites. Many others. ...Read more

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I have copd(emphysema/bronchiolitis /asthma . A while ago I was coughing up pink sputum. Now my sputum is orange. What does that mean?

I have copd(emphysema/bronchiolitis /asthma . A while ago I was coughing up pink sputum. Now my 
 sputum is orange. What does that mean?

Infection possible: Change in sputum color is usually green or yellow; pink can mean small amounts of blood. Orange is unusual, but could mean infection. Check with your doctor. Some medicines can cause sputum to look orange - Rifampin comes to mind. ...Read more

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Can steady exposure to carbon monoxide cause respiratory problems like emphysema, copd, asthma?

Can steady exposure to carbon monoxide cause respiratory problems like emphysema, copd, asthma?

Would never happen: Carbon monoxide has strong affinity to the hemoglobin and its diffusibility through membrane is high. Before any other condition like asthma, COPD can occur from it, a person is dead. There will be no study to prove that. ...Read more

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Dr. Sue Ferranti
2,997 doctors shared insights

Asthma (Definition)

A disease of the lungs caused by chronic inflammation of the airways most often caused by allergies. This inflammation results in airway swelling and hyperactivity leading to difficulty breathing, shortness of ...Read more


Dr. Sue Ferranti
497 doctors shared insights

Emphysema (Definition)

A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make ...Read more