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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Restrictive Cardiomyopathy And Constrictive Pericarditis Of The Heart Disease

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What is the difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis of the heart disease?

What is the difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis of the heart disease?

Anatomy: Restriction and constriction both involve limitation to adequate filling of the heart when the heart is relaxing. In restriction, limitation is in the muscle of the heart. In construction, the limitation is in the pericardial sac which surrounds the heart. ...Read more

Dr. Bennett Werner
2,802 Doctors shared insights

Heart Diseases (Definition)

Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more


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What is the? Difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis?

What is the? Difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis?

Intrinsic/extrinsic: Restrictive cardiomyopathy involves the heart itself becoming stiff and not filling properly which eventually can cause heart failure and need a transplant to treat. Constrictive pericarditis affects the sac around the heart entrapping the heart and causing similar symptoms but may be treated if needed by removing the sac from around the heart by surgery ...Read more

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What is the difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis?

What is the difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis?

Similar but differen: Constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy both result in diastolic abnomlities of ventricular filling. CP can be thought of as a heart encased in a porcelain shell. In CP the ventricles fill up until the limits of the calcified pericardium (early filling) and then fill no more. In rc the heart is abnormal. Filling throughout diastole is slowed but possible. Doppler can help. ...Read more

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What is the difference between constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy?

Several: Constrictive pericarditis is a condition where the sac around the heart (the pericardium) becomes scarred and shrinks, which does not allow the heart to fill fully. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a condition where the pericardium is normal, but the heart muscle itself is diseased in a way that does not allow the muscle to relax and the ventricle to fill. The treatment for each is different. ...Read more

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What are the differences: constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy?

Different cause: Symptoms may be similar but treatment is very different. The pericardium can be opened or removed to relieve constriction but restrictive cardiomyopathy does not lend itself to a quick surgical treatment. A number of medications may ameliorate the symptoms but it is important to identify and treat the cause. ...Read more

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How do physicians diagnose the constrictive pericarditis verses restrictive cardiomyopathy?

How do physicians diagnose the constrictive pericarditis verses restrictive cardiomyopathy?

See Below: The best is either an echo doppler, MRI of the heart and pericardium or a right heart catheterization. And echo doppler can show that the e to a ratio is very high, indicative of restrictive physiology. Echo or an MRI can also show the pericardium is thick, consistent with constrictive pericarditis. The right heart cath would measure the pressure inside the heart. Presentation is similar. ...Read more

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How do I diagnose the constrictive pericarditis verses restrictive cardiomyopathy?

How do I diagnose the constrictive pericarditis verses restrictive cardiomyopathy?

Several: 2 d echo with doppler, rt heart catheter, and cardiac MRI can all help determine constrictive vs restrictive. Ofcourse a good history and physical should always be part of the work up. ...Read more

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Is constrictive pericarditis always visiible on a heart echo?

Is constrictive pericarditis always visiible on a heart echo?

Difficult diagnosis: First a few definitions because this field is fraught with poor nomenclature: acute pericarditis is most often not diagnosed by echocardiography. Chronic pericarditis which can lead to constriction (also called constrictive pericarditis) can often be suspected on echo (something called ventricular interdependence). Cardiac mri, cardiac ct and cardiac catheterization can help confirm the diagnosis. ...Read more

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What are signs and symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart disease)?

What are signs and symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart disease)?

Hypertrophic cardiom: The symptoms of a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can vary from shortness of breath to chest discomfort to syncope or fainting. If you have a family history of this or sudden cardiac death at a young age, then you should see a cardiologist. If you are concerned, start with your primary physician and if there are any abnormal findings then see a cardiologist. ...Read more

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In what way are cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease similar?

In what way are cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease similar?

Limited similarity: Cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease are similar in that both are heart diseases. There are many types of cardiomyopathy and there are dozens of forms of congenital heart disease. Cardiomyopathy is heart muscle disease, due either to a molecular problem in the heart or to secondary damage from another disease. Congenital heart disease is a problem of heart development, present at birth. ...Read more

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Can you tell me more about cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease?

Can you tell me more about cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease?

Mixed: Cardiomyopathy means heart muscle disease. There are multiple causes. Some causes are abnormal proteins caused by a gene defect. Congenital heart disease conventionally refers to an abnormality that is present at birth in the structure of the heart or blood vessels in the chest. Severity and impact varies from trivial to fatal. Some congenital heart diseases can develop features of cardiomyopathy. ...Read more

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My ef is 25%, what does this mean? Can you tell me what do you mean by dilated cardiomyopathy due to rheumatic valvular heart disease? Thanks.

My ef is 25%, what does this mean? Can you tell me what do you mean by dilated cardiomyopathy due to rheumatic valvular heart disease? Thanks.

Cardiology: Ejection fraction is the percentage of blood in the left ventricle that is removed with each contraction. 65% is considered normal. 25 is a low number and implies a weakness of the left ventricle that is usually referred to as a cardiomyopathy. Dilated cardiomyopathy is when the wall thins out and the ventricle gets large like a thin ballon. It can be caused by many conditions. ...Read more

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Can chronic nausea come from my restrictive cardiomyopathy (heart biopsy found this I have sarcoidosis)?

Can chronic nausea come from my restrictive cardiomyopathy (heart biopsy found this I have sarcoidosis)?

Yes: In fact, an long-term upset stomach is often one of the early and more troubling problems when the heart muscle is failing. I hope you are able to find effective treatment for this often very difficult illness. ...Read more

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Is it common for someone with restrictive cardiomyopathy to eventually have a heart attack?

Two separate process: Es. Restrictive cardiomyopathy does not increase risk for heart attack and is rather rare especially compared to heart attacks. ...Read more

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Are ischemic heart disease and hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy related?

Are ischemic heart disease and hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy related?

Not really: Ischemic heart disease refers to atherosclerotic disease of thee coronary arteries. Hocm is a disorder of the muscle cells of the heart. There is not a common cause. ...Read more

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Hi, I am medical student and I would like to find answer for my question (what is the difference between rehumatic fever & rehumatic heart disease)?

Hi, I am medical student and I would like to find answer for my question (what is the difference between rehumatic fever & rehumatic heart disease)?

ARF: Acute rheumatic fever is accompanied by pancarditis, an inflammatory condition affecting all layers of the heart, including pericardium, myocardium, endocardium, etc. Rheumatic heart disease is the damage done by the inflammation of arf. As a medical student you should be solving issues like this by reading, not by asking questions online. ...Read more

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What is the difference between ischemic heart disease and cad?

What is the difference between ischemic heart disease and cad?

CAD: They're essentially the same thing ischemic heart disease means that there is decreased blood flow to an area of the heart most likely due to less blood flow through the coronary arteries-- coronary artery disease. There are other causes of heart disease such as hypertension or infiltrative diseases. ...Read more

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What is the difference between coronary heart disease and heart disease?

What is the difference between coronary heart disease and heart disease?

More specific: Coronary disease refers to the blood vessels specifically supplying the heart. Narrowing of these vessels can lead to what we call angina. Rupture of plaques in these vessels can cause "heart attacks."

heart disease is a more generic term. It can be many different things affecting the many different parts of the heart. ...Read more

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What is the difference between obstructive and non obstructive coronary heart disease?

What is the difference between obstructive and non obstructive coronary heart disease?

Degree of blockage: The degree of blockage and symptoms determines whether coronary artery disease is obstructive or not. Generally obstructive coronary artery disease my be associated with chest pain, shortness of breath etc. This is a true emergency. Non-obstructive may or may not have symptoms and may be treated medically. ...Read more

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What is the difference between premature coronary heart disease and coronary heart disease?

What is the difference between premature coronary heart disease and coronary heart disease?

Age @ time of dx: Premature basically refers to manifestation of coronary disease and/ or it's diagnosis before age 55 in men and pre-menopausal women. ...Read more

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What is the difference between coronary diseases and? Congenital heart disease?

What is the difference between coronary diseases and? Congenital heart disease?

CHD: Congenital means you are born with it, and is usually a structural defect inside the heart. Coronary disease is a 'clogging' of the coronary arteries which occurs later in life due to a variety of causes. ...Read more

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What is the difference between an atherosclerosis and ischaemic heart disease?

What is the difference between an atherosclerosis and ischaemic heart disease?

General vs in heart: Atherosclerosis means "hardening [or calcification] of the arteries." cholesterol makes "plaque" that often calcifies. When large enough it can cause a decrease in blood flow through the artery, or "ischemia." it can occur in any artery, but when it happens in the arteries of the heart, it is known as 'ischemic heart disease' or atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. ...Read more

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What is the difference between coronary heart disease and chronic heart disease?

What is the difference between coronary heart disease and chronic heart disease?

Heart disease: Heart disease refers to any problem primarily involving the heart. This can be acute (comes on suddenly and/or short duration) or chronic (long time coming, lasts a long time). Coronary artery disease is where the arteries that feed your heart become diseased and cause the heart to be starved for blood. This chronic problem can have acute elements, like a heart attack. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between coronary heart disease and chronic heart disease?

Similarities: Coronary is of the heart arteries and can be chronic. (acute might be a heart attack)

chronic heart could include coronary, valvular, congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, adult congenital in adults. ...Read more

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What is the difference between angina, coronary artery disease, and heart disease?

What is the difference between angina, coronary artery disease, and heart disease?

Symptom, Disease: Angina and angina equivalents are symptoms of cad: coronary artery disease - which is often pooled with other heart aliments and described as heart disease. Heart disease could potentially encompass other conditions such as congestive heart failure, chf, atrial fibrillation or flutter, af, kinds of cardiomyopathy, bundle branch block, and valve disorders and potentially more. ...Read more

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What is the difference between coronary artery disease and ischemic heart disease?

They are related: But the technical difference would be related to whether the blockages in the arteries (coronary disease) are causing the heart to get less blood flow and oxygen than it needs to function properly (ischemic disease). You can have coronary disease without ischemia, but other than unusual conditions, it's less likely to have ischemia without coronary disease. ...Read more

Dr. Steven Sahn
46 Doctors shared insights

Constrictive Pericarditis (Definition)

Constrictive pericarditis is a condition where there is inflammation of the pericardium, the fibrous sheath (outer covering) around the heart. This inflammation makes the pericardium more stiff and constricts the ...Read more


Dr. Barton Cook
424 Doctors shared insights

Cardiomyopathy (Definition)

A disease that weakens and enlarges the muscle surrounding the heart. It is a condition that makes it harder for the heart to pump blood and deliver ...Read more