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What Is The Difference Between Restrictive Cardiomyopathy And Constrictive Pericarditis Of The Heart Disease
What is the difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy and constrictive pericarditis of the heart disease?
Anatomy: Restriction and constriction both involve limitation to adequate filling of the heart when the heart is relaxing. In restriction, limitation is in the muscle of the heart. In construction, the limitation is in the pericardial sac which surrounds the heart. ...Read more
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
Intrinsic/extrinsic: Restrictive cardiomyopathy involves the heart itself becoming stiff and not filling properly which eventually can cause heart failure and need a transplant to treat. Constrictive pericarditis affects the sac around the heart entrapping the heart and causing similar symptoms but may be treated if needed by removing the sac from around the heart by surgery ...Read more
Similar but differen: Constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy both result in diastolic abnomlities of ventricular filling. CP can be thought of as a heart encased in a porcelain shell. In CP the ventricles fill up until the limits of the calcified pericardium (early filling) and then fill no more. In rc the heart is abnormal. Filling throughout diastole is slowed but possible. Doppler can help. ...Read more
Several: Constrictive pericarditis is a condition where the sac around the heart (the pericardium) becomes scarred and shrinks, which does not allow the heart to fill fully. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a condition where the pericardium is normal, but the heart muscle itself is diseased in a way that does not allow the muscle to relax and the ventricle to fill. The treatment for each is different. ...Read more
Different cause: Symptoms may be similar but treatment is very different. The pericardium can be opened or removed to relieve constriction but restrictive cardiomyopathy does not lend itself to a quick surgical treatment. A number of medications may ameliorate the symptoms but it is important to identify and treat the cause. ...Read more
See Below: The best is either an echo doppler, MRI of the heart and pericardium or a right heart catheterization. And echo doppler can show that the e to a ratio is very high, indicative of restrictive physiology. Echo or an MRI can also show the pericardium is thick, consistent with constrictive pericarditis. The right heart cath would measure the pressure inside the heart. Presentation is similar. ...Read more
Echocardiography: May also require cardica catheterization.Get a more detailed answer ›
Cath: A cath is the most accurate way to make diagnosis. ...Read more
Difficult diagnosis: First a few definitions because this field is fraught with poor nomenclature: acute pericarditis is most often not diagnosed by echocardiography. Chronic pericarditis which can lead to constriction (also called constrictive pericarditis) can often be suspected on echo (something called ventricular interdependence). Cardiac mri, cardiac ct and cardiac catheterization can help confirm the diagnosis. ...Read more
Hypertrophic cardiom: The symptoms of a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can vary from shortness of breath to chest discomfort to syncope or fainting. If you have a family history of this or sudden cardiac death at a young age, then you should see a cardiologist. If you are concerned, start with your primary physician and if there are any abnormal findings then see a cardiologist. ...Read more
Limited similarity: Cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease are similar in that both are heart diseases. There are many types of cardiomyopathy and there are dozens of forms of congenital heart disease. Cardiomyopathy is heart muscle disease, due either to a molecular problem in the heart or to secondary damage from another disease. Congenital heart disease is a problem of heart development, present at birth. ...Read more
Mixed: Cardiomyopathy means heart muscle disease. There are multiple causes. Some causes are abnormal proteins caused by a gene defect. Congenital heart disease conventionally refers to an abnormality that is present at birth in the structure of the heart or blood vessels in the chest. Severity and impact varies from trivial to fatal. Some congenital heart diseases can develop features of cardiomyopathy. ...Read more
My ef is 25%, what does this mean? Can you tell me what do you mean by dilated cardiomyopathy due to rheumatic valvular heart disease? Thanks.
Cardiology: Ejection fraction is the percentage of blood in the left ventricle that is removed with each contraction. 65% is considered normal. 25 is a low number and implies a weakness of the left ventricle that is usually referred to as a cardiomyopathy. Dilated cardiomyopathy is when the wall thins out and the ventricle gets large like a thin ballon. It can be caused by many conditions. ...Read more
Can chronic nausea come from my restrictive cardiomyopathy (heart biopsy found this I have sarcoidosis)?
Two separate process: Es. Restrictive cardiomyopathy does not increase risk for heart attack and is rather rare especially compared to heart attacks. ...Read more
See your doctor: See your doctor.Get a more detailed answer ›
Not really: Ischemic heart disease refers to atherosclerotic disease of thee coronary arteries. Hocm is a disorder of the muscle cells of the heart. There is not a common cause. ...Read more
Hi, I am medical student and I would like to find answer for my question (what is the difference between rehumatic fever & rehumatic heart disease)?
ARF: Acute rheumatic fever is accompanied by pancarditis, an inflammatory condition affecting all layers of the heart, including pericardium, myocardium, endocardium, etc. Rheumatic heart disease is the damage done by the inflammation of arf. As a medical student you should be solving issues like this by reading, not by asking questions online. ...Read more
CAD: They're essentially the same thing ischemic heart disease means that there is decreased blood flow to an area of the heart most likely due to less blood flow through the coronary arteries-- coronary artery disease. There are other causes of heart disease such as hypertension or infiltrative diseases. ...Read more
Coronary disease refers to the blood vessels specifically supplying the heart. Narrowing of these vessels can lead to what we call angina. Rupture of plaques in these vessels can cause "heart attacks."
heart disease is a more generic term. It can be many different things affecting the many different parts of the heart. ...Read more
Degree of blockage: The degree of blockage and symptoms determines whether coronary artery disease is obstructive or not. Generally obstructive coronary artery disease my be associated with chest pain, shortness of breath etc. This is a true emergency. Non-obstructive may or may not have symptoms and may be treated medically. ...Read more
Age @ time of dx: Premature basically refers to manifestation of coronary disease and/ or it's diagnosis before age 55 in men and pre-menopausal women. ...Read more
CHD: Congenital means you are born with it, and is usually a structural defect inside the heart. Coronary disease is a 'clogging' of the coronary arteries which occurs later in life due to a variety of causes. ...Read more
General vs in heart: Atherosclerosis means "hardening [or calcification] of the arteries." cholesterol makes "plaque" that often calcifies. When large enough it can cause a decrease in blood flow through the artery, or "ischemia." it can occur in any artery, but when it happens in the arteries of the heart, it is known as 'ischemic heart disease' or atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. ...Read more
Heart disease: Heart disease refers to any problem primarily involving the heart. This can be acute (comes on suddenly and/or short duration) or chronic (long time coming, lasts a long time). Coronary artery disease is where the arteries that feed your heart become diseased and cause the heart to be starved for blood. This chronic problem can have acute elements, like a heart attack. ...Read more
Symptom, Disease: Angina and angina equivalents are symptoms of cad: coronary artery disease - which is often pooled with other heart aliments and described as heart disease. Heart disease could potentially encompass other conditions such as congestive heart failure, chf, atrial fibrillation or flutter, af, kinds of cardiomyopathy, bundle branch block, and valve disorders and potentially more. ...Read more
None.: Thee terms are used interchangeably.Get a more detailed answer ›
They are related: But the technical difference would be related to whether the blockages in the arteries (coronary disease) are causing the heart to get less blood flow and oxygen than it needs to function properly (ischemic disease). You can have coronary disease without ischemia, but other than unusual conditions, it's less likely to have ischemia without coronary disease. ...Read more
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