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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Pernio And Raynauds

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What is the difference between primary and secondary raynaud's syndrome?

What is the difference between primary and secondary raynaud's syndrome?

Depends on the cause: When a patient has Raynaud's phenomenon (vasospasm leading to poor circulation in the fingers and toes), his doctors will look for the common causes such as autoimmune disorders, drug side effects, hormonal imbalances, etc... If no medical condition is found that is causing the symptoms, then the disorder is called "primary". If a condition is found, then the disorder is "secondary". ...Read more

Dr. Michael Miller
273 Doctors shared insights

Raynaud's Disease (Definition)

It is vascular spasm in the fingers, toes, and can even involves the nose and ears and internal organs the blood vessels of the heart or kidneys in response to cold or stress causing the external elements especially the fingers, toes to turn white. Blue and red can also occur but I like to Emphasize if not white I can not be clear. Others ...Read more


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What is the difference between chillblains and raynaud's disease?

What is the difference between chillblains and raynaud's disease?

Care is the same: The prevention and treatment of chilblains (pernio, perniosis) and raynaud's are similar. Chilblains are itchy, tender spots or bumps, with a reddish or purplish color. The blood vessels in chilblains are damaged (vasculitis). The cause is cold-damage to the tissue (basically getting frostbite on a spot of skin), so chilblains happens in cold weather or very cold water exposure. ...Read more

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What is the difference between raynaud's phenomenon and cold feet?

What is the difference between raynaud's phenomenon and cold feet?

Other cause possible: Raynaud's phenomenon is a well known cause of cold hands and feet due to spasm of blood vessels supplying blood to the hands or feet. Other conditions can decrease blood flow to the extremities, leading to cold hands and feet. A primary care doctor can evaluate for anemia, peripheral artery disease, hormonal imbalances, autoimmune disorders, smoking (nicotine), drug side effects, etc... ...Read more

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What's the difference between raynaud phenomenon and syndrome and disease?

What's the difference between raynaud phenomenon and syndrome and disease?

Phenom is name for: Both the disease and the syndrome. The disease is vasospastic disorder causing discoloration of the fingers. The raynauds disease is idiopathic where the syndrome is caused by some otherinstigating factor, most commonly connective tissue disorders like lupus. ...Read more

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How to tell the difference between raynaud's and chilblains?

How to tell the difference between raynaud's and chilblains?

Bump vs color change: Chilblains causes bumps that are painful, burning, itching after cold. Raynsud's is caused by a blood vessel spasm due to temperature change or strong emotion. The fingertips turn white then blue and when the blood vessel relaxes flush or turn red. ...Read more

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What's the difference between poor circulation and raynaud's?

What's the difference between poor circulation and raynaud's?

Spasm vs obstruction: Poor circulation is a general term but commonly refers to arterial insufficiency due to vessel obstruction which is most commonly atherosclerotic disease. Raynaud's is a condition of sympathetic disfunction that causes excessive and prolonged small vessel contraction. ...Read more

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What's the main difference between raynaud's disease and hypothyroidism?

What's the main difference between raynaud's disease and hypothyroidism?

Different disease: They are very different. Hypothyroidism is an endocrine/ metabolic disease, often caused by an autoimmune condition called hashimoto's thyroiditis. Raynaud's is a vasospastic condition sometimes from autoimmune illness like lupus. What they share is trouble with cold. Raynaud's have very poor reactions to cold, spasms in blood vessels. Low thyroid also causes cold intolerance, by low metabolism. ...Read more

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What is difference between raynaud and cyanosis? How do I know that I hv raynaud or something else? When it happens my finger tend to look bluish-grey

What is difference between raynaud and cyanosis? How do I know that I hv raynaud or something else? When it happens my finger tend to look bluish-grey

Raynauds is spasm: Raynaud's phenomenon is caused by a spasm in the vessels usually caused by exposure to cold. It starts with the finger tips, toes, tip of the nose, and or ears turning white. This is followed by a blue color (cyanosis). When the blood vessel relaxes the skin flushes as the blood rushes back in. 2 color changes are required for diagnosing raynauds. Cyanosis is is simply blue from lack oxygen. ...Read more

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What is the best lupus pernio treatment on the nose?

What is the best lupus pernio treatment on the nose?

Skin sarcoidosis!: Lupus perneo is a manifestation of sarcoidosis, usually seen in chronic disease. Intra-lesional steroid injections can help, as can systemic therapy. Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune disease that can affect many organs, but more common and serious, the lungs. This disease needs rheumatologic management. The new tnf-alpha inhibotrs seem to work quite well, although this is off-label use! ...Read more

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Will my raynaud’s get worse over time?

Will my raynaud’s get worse over time?

Not necessarily: The raynaud's and scleroderma association in the U.K. States that raynaud's disease is more common in teens and young adults, especially teen girls and young women. The majority of patients resolve their symptoms in their twenties. (probably the approximately 10% of cases who have secondary conditions causing raynaud's will continue to have symptoms unless their secondary disorders are resolved.). ...Read more

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I’ve heard lots of different names for raynaud’s – disease, phenomenon, syndrome – are they all the same?

I’ve heard lots of different names for raynaud’s – disease, phenomenon, syndrome – are they all the same?

Related & different: When a patient has raynaud's phenomenon (the symptom of vasospasm leading to poor circulation in the fingers and toes), his doctors will look for the common causes such as autoimmune disorders, drug side effects, hormonal imbalances, etc... If no medical condition is found that is causing the symptoms, then the disorder is called "primary". If a condition is found, then the disorder is "secondary". ...Read more

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What is the treatment for raynaud’s?

What is the treatment for raynaud’s?

Hands & feet warm: Keep your hands and feet warm. When exposed to cold weather, wear warm gloves and stockings. Use chemical warmers for hands and feet. Medication, (vasodilators) may help but not too much. ...Read more

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Why do stress and emotional factors trigger raynaud’s episodes?

Why do stress and emotional factors trigger raynaud’s episodes?

Chemical transmitter: Emotional stress, such as anger or anxiety, causes the release of chemical transmitters (called hormones if they travel through the blood, called neurotransmitters if they travel down a nerve fiber) which can increase muscle tone (including the tiny muscle fibers around arteries) or increase the likelihood of muscle fiber contraction... Both of which may lead to vasospasm and raynaud's symptoms. ...Read more

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What organ system (s) are impacted by raynaud's disease?

What organ system (s) are impacted by raynaud's disease?

None to many!: It depends on whether it is raynaud's phenomena, or raynaud's associated with a ctd. With scleroderma, it is the most common first symptom! Obviously, raynaud's of the kidneys and heart are serious. See a rheumatologist who will perform nail fold capilaroscopy! ...Read more

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How do I know whether I have primary or secondary raynaud’s?

How do I know whether I have primary or secondary raynaud’s?

Secondary has cause: When a patient has raynaud's phenomenon (vasospasm leading to poor circulation in the fingers and toes), his doctors will look for the common causes such as autoimmune disorders, drug side effects, hormonal imbalances, etc... If no medical condition is found that is causing the symptoms, then the disorder is called "primary". If a condition is found, then the disorder is "secondary". ...Read more

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Is there a cure that works for raynaud`s syndrome?

Is there a cure that works for raynaud`s syndrome?

Doubtful: Typically I would say there is no cure for raynauds. The one instance would be if smoking causes the symptoms of raynauds (which it can), and if you quit smoking it could go away. However, most patients with raynauds require treatment to reduce the symptoms of the condition. Avoiding direct contact with cold objects for example could reduce the symptoms. Medications can be quite helpful. ...Read more

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I’ve heard that there’s a surgical procedure to improve raynaud’s. What is it?

I’ve heard that there’s a surgical procedure to improve raynaud’s. What is it?

Sympathectomy: Thoracic sympathectomy is the procedure to cut the "sympathetic nerve" fibers coming out of the spine at the level of t2-t3 (second and third thoracic vertebrae). The nerve fibers usually cross over the second, third, & fourth ribs near the spine. Some doctors are using an endoscope to do this procedure, which would leave almost no surgical scar. The same procedure stops excessive hand sweating. ...Read more

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I have bad reactions to cold temperatures, but my symptoms don’t sound like raynaud’s. What could they mean?

I have bad reactions to cold temperatures, but my symptoms don’t sound like raynaud’s. What could they mean?

Some other causes: Some people feel quite uncomfortable in colder temperatures, a condition called cold intolerance or cold sensitivity. If the vasospasm of raynaud's phenomenon is not present, then the cold intolerance is probably due to other causes instead of raynaud's. Other causes include hypothyroidism, other hormonal imbalances, anemia, older age, low body weight with low body fat, etc... ...Read more

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I get migraine headaches. Could they be related to raynaud’s?

I get migraine headaches. Could they be related to raynaud’s?

Possibly: Raynaud's symptoms and migraines both are caused by abnormal regulation of blood flow to certain parts of the body, so they may be related in some patients. Also, some medications for migraines (the triptans and ergot alkaloids) can lead to raynaud's symptoms as a side effect. However, having migraines doesn't mean one will get raynaud's, and having raynaud's doesn't mean one will get migraines. ...Read more

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Is there a connection between trigger finger (s) and raynaud's condition?

Is there a connection between trigger finger (s) and raynaud's condition?

Usually not: Trigger finger is a problem with finger tendons and how they work to move a finger. Raynaud's phenomenon is a problem with spasm of arteries in the fingers, blocking blood flow. They are not directly related, but people with raynaud's syndrome can have connective tissue disorders, so may also have trigger finger. Overuse injuries, such as in certain jobs, can cause trigger finger and/or raynaud's. ...Read more

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What type of physician is most familiar with raynaud’s?

A rheumatologist: A rheumatologist is the specialist with the most knowledge of raynaud's symptoms. A primary care doctor, and sometimes an endocrinologist, also help in the care of raynaud's patients. All patients should have a primary care doctor to care for the non-rheumatological needs of these patients. ...Read more

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What is raynaud’s?

What is raynaud’s?

Constricted vessels: Raynaud's phenomenon is a symptom caused by constriction of small blood vessels, usually in the fingers and toes, leading to a lack of nutrients and oxygen going to the fingers and toes. Raynaud's phenomenon can be due to auto-immune disorders, hormonal imbalances, medication effects, etc... A primary care doctor, endocrinologist, or rheumatologist can evaluate a person with such symptoms. ...Read more

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Who gets raynaud’s?

Who gets raynaud’s?

Sometimes familial: Raynaud's symptoms sometimes run in families. People with a variety of disorders can get raynaud's phenomenon. Examples include: scleroderma, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, sjogren's syndrome, atherosclerosis, subclavian aneurysm, beta-blocker drugs, ergotamine-type drugs, hypothyroidism, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, magnesium deficiency, etc... ...Read more

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What causes raynaud’s?

What causes raynaud’s?

Artery constriction: Raynaud's phenomenon is a symptom caused by constriction of small blood vessels, usually in the fingers and toes, leading to a lack of nutrients and oxygen going to the fingers and toes. Raynaud's phenomenon can be due to auto-immune disorders, hormonal imbalances, medication effects, etc... A primary care doctor, endocrinologist, or rheumatologist can evaluate a person with such symptoms. ...Read more

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How common is raynaud’s?

How common is raynaud’s?

3%-5% have symptoms: Raynaud's disease (no cause found) and raynaud's syndrome (caused by another medical condition) are not that rare. An estimated 3% to 5% of the population have raynaud's phenomenon, although symptoms can range from quite mild all the way to severe. ...Read more

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Where did the name raynaud’s come from?

Where did the name raynaud’s come from?

French physician: The scleroderma foundation website states that in 1862, auguste-maurice raynaud, a french physician, wrote a thesis describing the color changes of hands and feet triggered by exposure to cold. Scleroderma is an autoimmune disorder (connective tissue disorder) in which patients can have raynaud's symptoms as part of their disease. ...Read more

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How do I cope with severe raynaud's syndrome?

How do I cope with severe raynaud's syndrome?

Warm environment: Avoid cold exposure to the best of your ability.
Warm drinks
mittens, freezer gloves
layers if exposure. ...Read more

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Does traditional chinese medicine cure raynaud's?

Does traditional chinese medicine cure raynaud's?

No cure but may help: There is not a cure, but some research shows that gingko biloba decreases the number of raynaud's vasospasm attacks. Gingko has vasodilator effects. Like other non-fda-regulated medicines, traditional chinese meds are of uncertain purity, composition, strength, etc... Traditional chinese ideas of avoiding cold drinks, cold foods, cold temperatures, wetness from rain or snow, etc... Can be helpful. ...Read more

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What are some home remedies for raynaud's disease?

What are some home remedies for raynaud's disease?

No special remedies: There are no special home remedies one can use to prevent or treat raynaud's symptoms, but things that keep one warm are helpful. Examples include: a well insulated home with the heater set at a warm temperature, a circulating hot-water system in which the water is hot right away from any faucet, not touching cold things that come out of the fridge, drinking warm soup, using down comforters, etc.. ...Read more

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How do I deal with raynaud's disease in the winter?

How do I deal with raynaud's disease in the winter?

Gloves: Mittens are best bit mainly keep your hands warm. Sometimes medications like Nifedipine can help. ...Read more

Dr. James Krick
172 Doctors shared insights

Raynaud Phenomenon (Definition)

A condition in which some areas of the body feel numb and ...Read more