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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Pernio And Raynauds

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What is the difference between primary and secondary raynaud's syndrome?

What is the difference between primary and secondary raynaud's syndrome?

Depends on the cause: When a patient has raynaud's phenomenon (vasospasm leading to poor circulation in the fingers and toes), his doctors will look for the common causes such as autoimmune disorders, drug side effects, hormonal imbalances, etc... If no medical condition is found that is causing the symptoms, then the disorder is called "primary". If a condition is found, then the disorder is "secondary". ...Read more

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Dr. Michael Miller
265 doctors shared insights

Raynaud's Disease (Definition)

Raynaud's disease is a disease of the small blood vessels. Triggers such as cold temperatures causes vasospasm of the blood vessels and thus decrease blood flow. Fingers classically turn white, then blue, then red ...Read more


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What is the difference between chillblains and raynaud's disease?

What is the difference between chillblains and raynaud's disease?

Care is the same: The prevention and treatment of chilblains (pernio, perniosis) and raynaud's are similar. Chilblains are itchy, tender spots or bumps, with a reddish or purplish color. The blood vessels in chilblains are damaged (vasculitis). The cause is cold-damage to the tissue (basically getting frostbite on a spot of skin), so chilblains happens in cold weather or very cold water exposure. ...Read more

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What is the difference between raynaud's phenomenon and cold feet?

What is the difference between raynaud's phenomenon and cold feet?

Other cause possible: Raynaud's phenomenon is a well known cause of cold hands and feet due to spasm of blood vessels supplying blood to the hands or feet. Other conditions can decrease blood flow to the extremities, leading to cold hands and feet. A primary care doctor can evaluate for anemia, peripheral artery disease, hormonal imbalances, autoimmune disorders, smoking (nicotine), drug side effects, etc... ...Read more

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What's the difference between raynaud phenomenon and syndrome and disease?

What's the difference between raynaud phenomenon and syndrome and disease?

Phenom is name for : Both the disease and the syndrome. The disease is vasospastic disorder causing discoloration of the fingers. The raynauds disease is idiopathic where the syndrome is caused by some otherinstigating factor, most commonly connective tissue disorders like lupus. ...Read more

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How to tell the difference between raynaud's and chilblains?

How to tell the difference between raynaud's and chilblains?

Bump vs color change: Chilblains causes bumps that are painful, burning, itching after cold. Raynsud's is caused by a blood vessel spasm due to temperature change or strong emotion. The fingertips turn white then blue and when the blood vessel relaxes flush or turn red. ...Read more

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What's the difference between poor circulation and raynaud's?

What's the difference between poor circulation and raynaud's?

Spasm vs obstruction: Poor circulation is a general term but commonly refers to arterial insufficiency due to vessel obstruction which is most commonly atherosclerotic disease. Raynaud's is a condition of sympathetic disfunction that causes excessive and prolonged small vessel contraction. ...Read more

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What's the main difference between raynaud's disease and hypothyroidism?

What's the main difference between raynaud's disease and hypothyroidism?

Different disease: They are very different. Hypothyroidism is an endocrine/ metabolic disease, often caused by an autoimmune condition called hashimoto's thyroiditis. Raynaud's is a vasospastic condition sometimes from autoimmune illness like lupus. What they share is trouble with cold. Raynaud's have very poor reactions to cold, spasms in blood vessels. Low thyroid also causes cold intolerance, by low metabolism. ...Read more

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What is difference between raynaud and cyanosis? How do I know that i hv raynaud or something else? When it happens my finger tend to look bluish-grey

What is difference between raynaud and cyanosis? How do I know that i hv raynaud or something else? When it happens my finger tend to look bluish-grey

Raynauds is spasm : Raynaud's phenomenon is caused by a spasm in the vessels usually caused by exposure to cold. It starts with the finger tips, toes, tip of the nose, and or ears turning white. This is followed by a blue color (cyanosis ). When the blood vessel relaxes the skin flushes as the blood rushes back in. 2 color changes are required for diagnosing raynauds. Cyanosis is is simply blue from lack oxygen. ...Read more

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What is the best lupus pernio treatment on the nose?

What is the best lupus pernio treatment on the nose?

Skin sarcoidosis!: Lupus perneo is a manifestation of sarcoidosis, usually seen in chronic disease. Intra-lesional steroid injections can help, as can systemic therapy. Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune disease that can affect many organs, but more common and serious, the lungs. This disease needs rheumatologic management. The new tnf-alpha inhibotrs seem to work quite well, although this is off-label use! ...Read more

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Will my raynaud’s get worse over time?

Will my raynaud’s get worse over time?

Not necessarily: The raynaud's and scleroderma association in the U.K. States that raynaud's disease is more common in teens and young adults, especially teen girls and young women. The majority of patients resolve their symptoms in their twenties. (probably the approximately 10% of cases who have secondary conditions causing raynaud's will continue to have symptoms unless their secondary disorders are resolved.). ...Read more

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