Top
40
Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Partial And Full Arousals From Sleep

Share
1

1
What is the difference between partial and full arousals from sleep?

What is the difference between partial and full arousals from sleep?

Alert?: The brain wave patterns recorded during a sleep study will in part define the partial/full arousal. Wakefulness pattern > 30 sec long: full arousal, wakefullness pattern < 30 sec: partial arousal (microarousal). Microarousals are not felt as awakening by the patient. You may be aware, if you wake up > 30sec. ...Read more

Dr. Heidi Fowler
5,077 doctors shared insights

Sleep (Definition)

Sleep is a topic that involves concepts such as how long it takes to fall asleep, how many times one wakes up at night, how many hours one sleeps at night, sleep stages, ...Read more


2

2
What is the difference between REM and non-rem sleep?

What is the difference between REM and non-rem sleep?

Night and Day: Rem refers to rapid eye movement sleep and non-rem refers to sleep that is not rem. Non-rem is further divided into n1, n2, n3 stages where n3 refers to the deepest stage. Rem is usually when we dream and has similarities physiologically to being awake. We cycle through these different stages about every 90 minutes of sleep. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
3

3
What's the difference between the physiology of sleeping and a coma?

What's the difference between the physiology of sleeping and a coma?

Able to awaken: Coma is a state of shut down of brain activity. It is defined by basic brain function, reactivity to stimulation, and eeg studies. There are many levels. The main issue is whether the patient can awaken. Anesthesia is a state of induced coma. Deep sleep is a natural form of coma. Death is the deepest coma. ...Read more

Dr. Yun Tran Dr. Tran
1 doctor agreed:
4

4
What is the tie in between PTSD and Sleep apnea?

Dr. Yun Tran Dr. Tran
1 doctor agreed:
What is the tie in between PTSD and Sleep apnea?

Unrelated: Obstructive sleep apnea is more of a physical problem. There is an obstruction in the airway during sleep (excess weight, collapsed tongue, enlarged tonsils, small pharynx, etc. Central sleep apnea is where the brain does not control breathing properly during sleep. Neither is related to PTSD. PTSD and sleep apnea can co-exist, but one does not cause the other or increase risk of the other. ...Read more

5

5
What is the definition of sleep depravation? Ex: how many days (hrs) of no sleep defines someone as sleep deprived.

What is the definition of sleep depravation? Ex: how many days (hrs) of no sleep defines someone as sleep deprived.

No specific number: Sleep deprivation is defined by its effects. If the person is sleepy during the day, can't concentrate, etc, it is one possible cause. Some people are ok with 6 hrs of sleep a night, while others are "sleep deprived" with 8. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
6

6
What is the difference between a night mare and terror?

What is the difference between a night mare and terror?

See below: A night terror is called a parasomnia or sleep associated disorder, it is not a dream but an effect of sleep probably related to faulty or immature autoniomic and limbic arousal...In adults it could signal some other brain issue. A nightmare might signal some uncomfortable unconsious issues but are considered dreams and as such not abnormal...Unless they bug you. ...Read more

7

7
What is the difference between unconsciousness and sleeping?

What is the difference between unconsciousness and sleeping?

Unconscious: Sleeping is the rapidly reversible state of unconsciousness. This is of course as opposed to coma or anesthesia. ...Read more

9

9
What is the difference between a complete and incomplete hair lip?

What is the difference between a complete and incomplete hair lip?

See below: An incomplete hair lip means only the lip tissue is open at birth, a complete hair lip means the opening goes into the roof of the mouth (palate). Both are repairable by surgery. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
10

10
What is the difference between central sleep apnea and regular apnea?

What is the difference between central sleep apnea and regular apnea?

Obstruction vs CO2: Central apnea is caused by the brain's inability to respond to elevated co2 (carbon dioxide) levels in the blood. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by the collapse of the airway when the muscles of the throat, tongue, and possibly the palate when they are flaccid/paralyzed during the deeper stages of sleep. Osa responds well to CPAP and dental devices. Central may not. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
11

11
What is the difference between lucid dreaming and sleep paralysis?

What is the difference between lucid dreaming and sleep paralysis?

Sleep paralysis: Normally a person cannot move much during REM sleep. Some people with narcolepsy spontaneously enter this state of paralysis while they are awake- this is called sleep paralysis. A memorable, lucid dream is not associated with narcolepsy, but there may be physiological paralysis during the dream. ...Read more

12

12
Does a depression cause a repression and what is the difference between both of them?

Does a depression cause a repression and what is the difference between both of them?

No: Depression is a normal human emotion in response to adverse life events, such as meaningful losses. It can also be a symptom of various mental disorders when it occurs with other symptoms. Repression is the ejection from consciousness of painful or disagreeable ideas, memories, feelings, or impulses. It's a coping response that temporarily protects the psyche from distress. ...Read more

13

13
What is the difference between a disorder and the normal range of abilities and personality?

What is the difference between a disorder and the normal range of abilities and personality?

Great question!: We all have tendencies that if more extreme would qualify us as having some psychiatric diagnoses. A tendency or problem behavior becomes a "disorder" when it significantly and repeatedly: (1) affects us adversely; (2) limits our capacity to succeed; (3) disrupts our relationships; and/or (4) limits our personal happiness and self-esteem. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
14

14
What is the difference between a coma and a locked-in syndrome?

What is the difference between a coma and a locked-in syndrome?

Different responses: Coma is a state of unconscious unawareness . due to diffuse brain involvement. Lock in syndrome is a condition of brain stem damage where the person in paralyzed with only eye movements preserved. The individual can be fully aware but unable to respond. ...Read more

15

15
What is the difference between a partial and total hysterectomy?

What is the difference between a partial and total hysterectomy?

Partial vs Total: A partial hysterectomy typically refers to removal of the uterus and cervix only. A total hysterectomy typically refers to removal of uterus, cervix and ovaries. However, that being said, there are now many hysterectomies where the cervix is being left. This is referred to as a supracervical hysterectomy. ...Read more

16

16
What is the difference between shock and a coma?

What is the difference between shock and a coma?

As follows: Shock is usually a diffuse dysfunction in bodily organ systems due to vascular collapse, associated with low blood sugar or low blood pressure, and secondary complications. Coma merely implicates loss of consciousness and lack of responsivity to stimuli, and can be caused by mainly disorders, including trauma. ...Read more

17

17
What is the difference between nocturnal panic attacks and sleep apnea?

What is the difference between nocturnal panic attacks and sleep apnea?

Different problems: Sleep apnea is a breathing-related sleep disorder involving brief periods that a person stops breathing while sleeping. This triggers an alarm system in the brain to wake the person up so he/she will start breathing again. Nocturnal panic attacks are discrete periods involving extreme anxiety associated with physiological changes in heart rate, breathing, sweating, etc. That occur at night. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
18

18
What is the difference between a nightmare vs night terror?

What is the difference between a nightmare vs night terror?

Stages of Sleep: Nightmares are scary or disturbing dreams that occur during what is known as rem sleep, which is the part of sleep during which most dreams occur. People are ofthen able to recall the events of nightmares. Night terrors are events of vague distress that occur during the deep stages of sleep. People usually have little or no recollection of these events, other than feelings of distress. ...Read more

19

19
What is the difference between having complex ptsd and ptsd?

What is the difference between having complex ptsd and ptsd?

Simple vs complex: I agree with dr. Pappas. Simple ptsd may occur after 1 or few traumatic event such as a rape or a motor vehicle accident. Complex ptsd often has many contributors & traumas. For instance: base is regularly motarred, lack of contact with loves ones, concern about the safety of subordinants, heat, constant hum of noisy generators, death of battle buddies etc. The trauma is ingrained in many ways. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
20

20
What's the difference between sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoxemia?

What's the difference between sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoxemia?

Overlap: Nocturnal hypoxia is a drop in oxygen in the blood when sleeping. It's associated with sleep apnea, but also with hypoxic chronic bronchitis pulmonary hypertension and emphysema. Sleep apnea can be due to airway obstruction or of central origin. It causes reduced oxygen, often dangerously, and arousal from sleep, leading to daytime fatigue. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
21

21
What is the difference between partial and full arousals from sleep?

Alert?: The brain wave patterns recorded during a sleep study will in part define the partial/full arousal. Wakefulness pattern > 30 sec long: full arousal, wakefullness pattern < 30 sec: partial arousal (microarousal). Microarousals are not felt as awakening by the patient. You may be aware, if you wake up > 30sec. ...Read more

22

22
What to do if I have a strange sleep behaviour! (confusional arousals)help!?

Sleep Arousal D/O: Sleep Arousal Disorder - recommend consultation with a sleep medicine specialist. ...Read more

23

23
Hello mam! I would like to sleep in boxers without underwear. But I feel some arousal initially. What should I do? Thank you

Hello mam! I would like to sleep in boxers without underwear. But I feel some arousal initially. What should I do? Thank you

Nothing: There is nothing that needs to be done. This is a natural response and is normal. Unless you are having painful erections, you don't need to do anything. If you are worried about being seen with an erection, then wear underwear. ...Read more

24

24
I suffer from confusional arousals during sleep with occasional hallucinations. Sleep study was normal. What can I do to fix this?

I suffer from confusional arousals during sleep with occasional hallucinations. Sleep study was normal. What can I do to fix this?

Consider an analogy:: Your car engine knocks and misses at certain speeds. Your mechanic can't find anything wrong. What can you do to fix this? How can you "fix this" if you don't know what's broken? Options: 1) Get another test. 2) Get another mechanic. 3) Get another car. Option #3 doesn't apply in medicine; so you need to get another test or get another opinion. No "fixing" till you know what needs fixing. ...Read more

25

25
Had a sleep study. 99 episodes of arousal and woke many times in under 6 hours. No apnea nor hypopnea. Why? What is going on? Fixes?

Had a sleep study. 99 episodes of arousal and woke many times in under 6 hours. No apnea nor hypopnea. Why? What is going on? Fixes?

Arousals: Hard to say. No airway disturbances, just arousals. Reflux disease can irritate and awaken, as can chronic pain symptoms which disturb restful sleep. Fatigue and arousals may be signs of depression or anxiety. Fixes include careful diet and gerd meds, exercise, good sleep hygiene, and management of pain with appropriate meds. ...Read more

26

26
Last sleep study REM latency 125 min percent tst: REM 28.7. Sws 16.9. Effiency: 67.9. Index: arousal 21.4, awakening 4.2. Indicative of anything?

Last sleep study REM latency 125 min percent tst: REM 28.7. Sws 16.9. Effiency: 67.9. Index: arousal 21.4, awakening 4.2. Indicative of anything?

More data would help: The most important finding is that you are only sleeping 67.9% of the time that you are in bed. The arousal number cannot be interpreted without knowing the context of the arousals. You did not have many awakenings, but you must have been awake a considerable while each time. Rem latency is slightly long, but not enough to draw any conclusions from. Basically your sleep quantity is poor. ...Read more

28

28
I went to get a sleep study and my respiratory effort related arousal were high but ny ahi was 1 but was still was diagnosed with osa. Please explain.?

RDI was high: Rera is factored into a number called the rdi (respiratory disturbance index). Ahi is the apnea-hypopnea index, meaning you stopped breathing or had a 50% reduction in airflow with desaturation(drop in oxygen) an average 1 time per hour. When rera is added, you get a rdi score and this was elevated. Rera's are events where there is resistance to airflow but not enough to call apnea or hypopnea. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
29

29
Boyfriend swears I jerk my body in sleep. Could jerking explain high spontaneous arousal index. Had CPAP so low AHI. ZERO recorded limb movements.

Nothing to worry : jerking and limb movements are two different things. Jerking happens during REM sleep (high arousal part of sleep cycle). If you look at EEG, it actually looks like one seizure form, brain is asleep but tying to wake up. Nothing to worry about except you may have an angry sleep partner. ...Read more

30

30
My sleep study showed 160 brain arousals; however my MSLT was normal with no REM onset. Could I still have narcolepsy?

My sleep study showed 160 brain arousals; however my MSLT was normal with no REM onset. Could I still have narcolepsy?

No: you have a parasomnia, means that some event is waking you up constantly. the most common cause I see of this is restless legs. you need a video sleep study to see if we can see what is waking you up. ...Read more

31

31
3wks before my period,i'm constantly having a genital arousal,esp when i'm sitting down or when going to sleep.is it normal?

3wks before my period,i'm constantly having a genital arousal,esp when i'm sitting down or when going to sleep.is it normal?

Spontaneous sexual: arousal is not terribly uncommon. It is difficult to link it to specific phases of the menstrual cycle; 3 weeks before a regular period would be before predicted ovulation and not necessarily a hormonally susceptible time. Some have reported positional factors such as sitting where clitoral stimulation might be more likely. There are some treatments; consider an evaluation with your PCP or OB/GYN. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
32

32
What r possible causes for decreased short-t memry+daytime sleepiness+off&on pm insomnia and/or disrupted sleep(wake arousals) in a 73 yr old man ?

What r possible causes for decreased short-t memry+daytime sleepiness+off&on pm insomnia and/or disrupted sleep(wake arousals) in a 73 yr old man ?

HERE'S A FEW: You clearly describe a sleep disorder, and whether it represents sleep apnea, nocturnal oxygen desaturation, vitamin or emotional dysfcntn needs to be clarified. Although this can create memory problems, your sleep disorder could be secondary to a primary cognitive problem such as lacunar infarcts or alzheimer's. You critically need to get this under control asap. See neurology and get treated. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
33

33
Sleep study showed arousal 36 times per hour. Treated for ptsd with remeron (mirtazapine) and prozasin. Should i be on stimulant during the day for hypersomnia?

Can't tell with info: Unfortunately, the number of arousals does not correlate with the degree of sleepiness. Arousals are not the same as awakenings. Therefore with the information you've given me i cannot tell you whether you should be on any type of medication for hypersomnolence. That is something that you will have to discuss with your sleep physician. Best wishes. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
34

34
4 yr old had sleep study that showed decreased REM sleep &frequent wakings &arousals (7.5 per/hr).She also snores, sleep talks &walks, wets bed.Causes?

Sleep disorder: Although there is an entity called central sleep apnea (central nervous system, brain) the most common cause of a sleep disorder in a 4 year old is hypertrophy (enlargement) of the tonsils and adenoids. Removal of these structures in the upper airway almost always results in a cure of these symptom. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
35

35
What is the difference between sleeping early and waking up early (8 hrs of sleeping), and sleeping late and waking up late (8 hrs of sleeping)?

What is the difference between sleeping early and waking up early (8 hrs of sleeping), and sleeping late and waking up late (8 hrs of sleeping)?

Sleeping : Early seems to be consistent with diurnal release of cortisol given a more relaxing sleep and also their is more ligh and noise during earl morning. If possible early to bed and early out bed is preferable ...Read more

36

36
What is the difference between REM and non-rem sleep?

Night and Day: Rem refers to rapid eye movement sleep and non-rem refers to sleep that is not rem. Non-rem is further divided into n1, n2, n3 stages where n3 refers to the deepest stage. Rem is usually when we dream and has similarities physiologically to being awake. We cycle through these different stages about every 90 minutes of sleep. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
37

37
What is the difference between being really tired and sleep deprivation?

What is the difference between being really tired and sleep deprivation?

Tired vs deprivation: Really tired doesn't necessarily cause negative symptoms. Sleep deprivation can ^ risk for fatigue, irritability, v concentration, diminished memory, ^ infection rate, ability to tolerate stressors, blurring of vision, v energy level, ^ micro-sleeps, weight gain, exacerbation of psychiatric problems and can even lead to psychosis. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
38

38
What is the difference between unconsciousness and sleeping?

Unconscious: Sleeping is the rapidly reversible state of unconsciousness. This is of course as opposed to coma or anesthesia. ...Read more

40

40
What is the difference between central sleep apnea and regular apnea?

Obstruction vs CO2: Central apnea is caused by the brain's inability to respond to elevated co2 (carbon dioxide) levels in the blood. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by the collapse of the airway when the muscles of the throat, tongue, and possibly the palate when they are flaccid/paralyzed during the deeper stages of sleep. Osa responds well to CPAP and dental devices. Central may not. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer