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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Muscular Dystrophy And Muscular Atrophy

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Dr. Julian Bragg Dr. Bragg
Neurology
13 years in practice
Emory University School of Medicine
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What is the difference between muscular dystrophy and muscular atrophy?

What is the difference between muscular dystrophy and muscular atrophy?

Disease vs Symptom: Atrophy is a general term for reduced bulk in a muscle. There are many causes for muscular atrophy, and muscular dystrophy can be one of them.

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Dr. Kathryn Mosher
140 Doctors shared insights

Muscular Dystrophy (Definition)

Muscular dystrophy includes a number of disorders which are associated primarily with abnormalities of the architecture of the cells, often causing changes in size and function (weakness). These disorders are typically inherited, and recognized early in life, although there are of course exceptions to this. Prognosis is based on the type of MD and expression ...Read more


Dr. Mark Fisher Dr. Fisher
Neurology
30 years in practice
Temple University School of Medicine
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What is muscular dystrophy? And what's the difference between muscular dystrophy and muscular atrophy? And what can be done to strengthen the muscle

What is muscular dystrophy? And what's the difference between muscular dystrophy and muscular atrophy? And what can be done to strengthen the muscle

Dystrophy vs atrophy: This is a VERY large and complicated subject. It can't possibly be answered properly in 400 characters. For lots more information, go to http://mda. Org.

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Dr. Keith Baldwin Dr. Baldwin
Orthopedic Surgery - Pediatric
11 years in practice
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
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How can one differentiate between duchenne muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy?

How can one differentiate between duchenne muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy?

Diagnostics: Muscle biopsy or EMG will be able to differentiate. Presenting symptoms may lead one to be suspected more than the other as well.

Dr. Mary Esther Carlin Dr. Carlin
Pediatrics - Developmental & Behavioral
47 years in practice
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
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Are there ways to reverse muscular atrophy if you have muscular dystrophy?

Are there ways to reverse muscular atrophy if you have muscular dystrophy?

Usually not: There are some experimental compounds that may prevent or delay atrophy in muscular dystrophy but nothing that uasually brings back muscles that have atrophied already. One should discuss preventative measures as well as possible treatmenst with a neuromuscular neurologist.

Dr. Dennis Giannini Dr. Giannini
Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine
32 years in practice
Wayne State University School of Medicine
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I want to know what's the disease duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Muscle weakness: Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder that involves muscle weakness, which quickly gets worse. This condition primarily affects boys.

Dr. Pierrette Mimi Poinsett Dr. Poinsett
Pediatrics
34 years in practice
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
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What is the definition or description of: Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne muscular-: -Dystrophy or DMD is a genetic disorder. DMD is caused by an absence of dystrophin, a protein that helps keep muscle cells intact. DMD is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and degeneration. Symptom onset is usually between ages 3 and 5. The disease primarily affects boys, but in rare cases it can affect girls.

Dr. Johanna Fricke Dr. Fricke
Pediatrics - Developmental & Behavioral
46 years in practice
University of Alabama School of Medicine
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What mutation type causes duchenne muscular dystrophy?

What mutation type causes duchenne muscular dystrophy?

DMD is caused by: Mutation of Xp21.2-p21.1, a large gene that encodes dystrophin, a muscle protein. Deletions in specific areas of the gene are associated with cognitive impairment, verbal memory, auditory comprehension, increased risk of ADHD & Autistic Spectrum Disorder. Each son of a carrier mom has a 50% chance of having DMD. Carrier girls can have muscle weakness, including heart. See mda. Org & a geneticist.

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Dr. Chad Rudnick Dr. Rudnick
Pediatrics
6 years in practice
University of South Florida College of Medicine
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What mutation type causes duchenne muscular dystrophy?

What mutation type causes duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne MD: Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by a defective gene for dystrophin (a protein in the muscles). It is inherited in an X-linked recessive fashion, but it often occurs in people from families without a known family history of the condition. Children with the condition should be followed with a multi-specialist team approach

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Dr. Keith Baldwin Dr. Baldwin
Orthopedic Surgery - Pediatric
11 years in practice
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
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How genetically is duchenne muscular dystrophy is transmitted?

X linked: The gene for the abnormal protein is located on the x chromosome. Hence it is "x linked". Mostly boys are affected.

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Dr. William Goldie Dr. Goldie
Pediatrics - Neurology
44 years in practice
UC San Diego School of Medicine
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What are some treatments for duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Medical Home: Children with severe muscle disease need a team approach that includes orthopedics, pulmonary, neurology, physiotherapy, gi, gu, and perhaps cardiology. These experts need to be coordinated through a team leader - usually a pediatrician who provides the medical home.

Dr. Keith Baldwin Dr. Baldwin
Orthopedic Surgery - Pediatric
11 years in practice
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
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What is the genetic inheritance of duchenne muscular dystrophy?

X linked: The gene for the abnormal protein is located on the x chromosome. Hence it is "x linked". Mostly boys are affected.

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Dr. Christopher Abel Dr. Abel
Pediatrics
22 years in practice
University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas
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What are the treatments available for duchenne muscular dystrophy?

See below: There are no known cures for duchenne muscular dystrophy, so treatments are aimed at improving symptoms and improving quality of life. Options include physical therapy, assisted ventilation, medications to help the heart.

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Dr. Johanna Fricke Dr. Fricke
Pediatrics - Developmental & Behavioral
46 years in practice
University of Alabama School of Medicine
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What happens if we donot give steroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

What happens if we donot give steroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

It is recommended: To begin corticosteroids early to slow the loss of muscle strength, though they may improve muscle strength if started when the child begins to decline. Most boys with DMD are wheelchair-bound by age 10-12 years. In many cases oral steroids prolong ambulation by 1-3 years. Join Muscular Dystrophy Association India, http://www. Mdindia. Org for information & support.

Dr. Djamchid Lotfi Dr. Lotfi
Neurology
54 years in practice
University of London, St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College
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What are the histologic changes that in muscles that have duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Loss of muscle: Loss of muscle cells and their replacement with fibrous tissue and no evidence of inflammation.

Dr. Jonathan Dissin Dr. Dissin
Neurology
35 years in practice
St. George's University School of Medicine
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What is duchenne muscular dystrophy?

X-Linked Reces. MD: Duchenne dystrophy is inherited as an x-linked recessive trait, carried in women. It affects about 1in 3500 male births with no geographic/ethnic variation. About 1/3 of the cases are caused by new mutations, the others are familial. Diagnosis is usually evident from clinical features. The abnormality is in the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. It is unclear why the lack of dystrophin ->findings.

Dr. Michael Amster Dr. Amster
Pediatrics
years in practice
University of Illinois College of Medicine
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What causes duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Genetic disorder: Duchenne's muscular dystrophy is an x linked genetic disorder causing abnormalities of the muscle fiber and eventual degeneration.

Dr. Beth Howell Dr. Howell
Psychiatry
38 years in practice
University of Arizona College of Medicine
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What causes duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Hereditary: It is inherited because of a defective gene on the x chromosome (female sex chromosome). It is referred to as a "sex-linked recessive" inheritance pattern. Girls get two x chromosomes, and the healthy one overrules the unhealthy gene, preventing girls from contracting the disorder. Boys get an x and a y. If the x has the defective gene, there is no corresponding gene on the y to overrule it.

Dr. William Goldie Dr. Goldie
Pediatrics - Neurology
44 years in practice
UC San Diego School of Medicine
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How does one acquire duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Bad genes: Duchenne type of muscular dystrophy is located on the x chromosome and is found in males. There are specific genetic tests that describe the disorder in detail. Women are carriers, and boys develop symptoms during early childhood. In utero testing is available. There is no cure, but early detection and possible use of steroids with appropriate therapy may modify the course.

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Dr. William Singer Dr. Singer
Pediatrics - Neurology
47 years in practice
State University of New York Upstate Medical University
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Dr. Salil Gupta Dr. Gupta
Pediatrics
38 years in practice
University of Delhi, Maulana Azad Medical College
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What sort of disorder is duchenne muscular dystrophy?

What sort of disorder is duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Muscle weakness: Dmd is a condition when muscles start to die prematurely. It starts in early childhood, leads to weakness of voluntary muscles such as those of hips, pelvic area, thighs and shoulders. Calves are often enlarged. Eventually it involves all muscles including that of heart and that control breathing. Life span is shortened to less than 30 years. It is a genetic condition primarily in boys.

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Atrophy (Definition)

Atrophy usually refers to the skin-as you get older or if you have had alot of sun in the past-the dermis (that is the layer below the top layer which is called the epidermis) gets thinner and the skin looks more wrinked. Muscles and fat can also get thinner -this is another form of atrophy. Even the top layer gets thinner ...Read more


Dr. Will Moorehead
180 Doctors shared insights

Muscle Atrophy (Definition)

Muscle that loses bulk ...Read more