Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Between Muscular Dystrophy And Muscular Atrophy
Muscular dystrophy includes a number of disorders which are associated primarily with abnormalities of the architecture of the cells, often causing changes in size and function (weakness). These disorders are typically inherited, and recognized early in life, although there are of course exceptions to this. Prognosis is based on the type of MD and expression ...Read more
What is muscular dystrophy? And what's the difference between muscular dystrophy and muscular atrophy? And what can be done to strengthen the muscle
Dystrophy vs atrophy: This is a VERY large and complicated subject. It can't possibly be answered properly in 400 characters. For lots more information, go to http://mda. Org.See 2 more doctor answers
Diagnostics: Muscle biopsy or EMG will be able to differentiate. Presenting symptoms may lead one to be suspected more than the other as well.
Usually not: There are some experimental compounds that may prevent or delay atrophy in muscular dystrophy but nothing that uasually brings back muscles that have atrophied already. One should discuss preventative measures as well as possible treatmenst with a neuromuscular neurologist.
Duchenne muscular-: -Dystrophy or DMD is a genetic disorder. DMD is caused by an absence of dystrophin, a protein that helps keep muscle cells intact. DMD is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and degeneration. Symptom onset is usually between ages 3 and 5. The disease primarily affects boys, but in rare cases it can affect girls.
DMD is caused by: Mutation of Xp21.2-p21.1, a large gene that encodes dystrophin, a muscle protein. Deletions in specific areas of the gene are associated with cognitive impairment, verbal memory, auditory comprehension, increased risk of ADHD & Autistic Spectrum Disorder. Each son of a carrier mom has a 50% chance of having DMD. Carrier girls can have muscle weakness, including heart. See mda. Org & a geneticist.See 2 more doctor answers
Duchenne MD: Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by a defective gene for dystrophin (a protein in the muscles). It is inherited in an X-linked recessive fashion, but it often occurs in people from families without a known family history of the condition. Children with the condition should be followed with a multi-specialist team approachSee 1 more doctor answer
It is recommended: To begin corticosteroids early to slow the loss of muscle strength, though they may improve muscle strength if started when the child begins to decline. Most boys with DMD are wheelchair-bound by age 10-12 years. In many cases oral steroids prolong ambulation by 1-3 years. Join Muscular Dystrophy Association India, http://www. Mdindia. Org for information & support.
Loss of muscle: Loss of muscle cells and their replacement with fibrous tissue and no evidence of inflammation.
X-Linked Reces. MD: Duchenne dystrophy is inherited as an x-linked recessive trait, carried in women. It affects about 1in 3500 male births with no geographic/ethnic variation. About 1/3 of the cases are caused by new mutations, the others are familial. Diagnosis is usually evident from clinical features. The abnormality is in the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. It is unclear why the lack of dystrophin ->findings.
Hereditary: It is inherited because of a defective gene on the x chromosome (female sex chromosome). It is referred to as a "sex-linked recessive" inheritance pattern. Girls get two x chromosomes, and the healthy one overrules the unhealthy gene, preventing girls from contracting the disorder. Boys get an x and a y. If the x has the defective gene, there is no corresponding gene on the y to overrule it.
Bad genes: Duchenne type of muscular dystrophy is located on the x chromosome and is found in males. There are specific genetic tests that describe the disorder in detail. Women are carriers, and boys develop symptoms during early childhood. In utero testing is available. There is no cure, but early detection and possible use of steroids with appropriate therapy may modify the course.See 1 more doctor answer
Muscle weakness: Dmd is a condition when muscles start to die prematurely. It starts in early childhood, leads to weakness of voluntary muscles such as those of hips, pelvic area, thighs and shoulders. Calves are often enlarged. Eventually it involves all muscles including that of heart and that control breathing. Life span is shortened to less than 30 years. It is a genetic condition primarily in boys.See 1 more doctor answer
Atrophy usually refers to the skin-as you get older or if you have had alot of sun in the past-the dermis (that is the layer below the top layer which is called the epidermis) gets thinner and the skin looks more wrinked. Muscles and fat can also get thinner -this is another form of atrophy. Even the top layer gets thinner ...Read more
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