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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Multicystic Kidneys And Polycystic Kidney Disease

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What is the difference between multicystic kidneys and polycystic kidney disease?

What is the difference between multicystic kidneys and polycystic kidney disease?

Multi vs poly kidney: Multicystic kidney is usually a developmental anomaly of the kidney, usually unilateral and is due to the renal tissue not connecting to the developing urogenital tissue. Usually the kidney does not function, and presents during birth or early childhood. Polycystic kidneys are inherited and usually are functional but eventually will cause progressive renal failure depending on the severity. ...Read more

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Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more


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Please help! what is the difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Please help! what is the difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Genes: There are caused by different loci. The recessive form generally causes illness from the time of birth due to the large, ineffective kidneys. The dominant form sneaks up on a person during adult life. The affected kidneys look different in the two diseases. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Is there a difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Yes: The dominant form occurs mostly in adults. It is inherited but it takes time to show up as a diagnosable disease in middle to later age. Depending on your luck you either have it from your parent or not( 50% chance).The recessive form could be carried by seemingly healthy persons and when manifests as a disease in the offspring, it shows up at a much earlier age. ...Read more

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What are the differences between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

What are the differences between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Differences: Main differences are---ADPKD shows itself in adults and 1/3 stays silent, 1/3 cause complications like hypertension etc, and 1/3 progress to end stage renal disease. ARPKD --- on the other hand manifests itself in pediatric population, in fact soon after birth, almost always involves kidneys bilaterally and requires dialysis for survival. Good news-- ADPKD is dominant therefore never skips generat ...Read more

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How does multicystic kidney dysplasia differ from polycystic kidney disease?

How does multicystic kidney dysplasia differ from polycystic kidney disease?

At birth,not heredit: The former is a congenital but not hereditary disease involving usually one kidney forming a mass of cysts without functioning kidney tissue. Found with prenatal ultrasound. Kidney shrinks and the other kidney assumes its work. The most common form of PKD which is hereditary results in increasing cyst number and size over many years. Other organs have cysts and kidneys fail over many years. ...Read more

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What is polycystic kidney disease?

See below: Polycystic kidney disease is a inherited disease in which fluid filled cavities ranging from microscopic to larger sizes upto 10-15 cm occur in the kidneys, causing them to grow very big and loose function. The patients may have no symptoms or present with blood in urine and sometimes kidney pain.Besides controlling high blood pressure there is no definitive treatment yet.Many studies are ongoing. ...Read more

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Could polycystic kidney disease be cured?

Could polycystic kidney disease be cured?

Not cured: Other than by kidney transplant. Polycystic kidney disease is not universally fatal. Impaired kidney function can be controlled for a long time by diet ; control of hypertension if present. Occasionally symptomatic cysts can be marsupialised laparoscopically. But, as yet, there is no medical treatment to eliminate the cysts. Many require eventual dialysis or transplant. ...Read more

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What is the cause of polycystic kidney disease?

Cause- unknown: Exact etiology for PKD unknown. Some researchers swear that genetics plays a big role-- hence ADPKD and ARPKD ( autosomal dominant type and recessive type). But then there are other tapers not genetically oriented. Some hypothesize-- something goes wrong in signaling at cellular level during renal development--- pronephro/ mesonephros/ metabephros stages! ...Read more

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What is the cause of polycystic kidney disease?

Inherited disease: You inherit polycystic kidney disease, so it is reasonable to be evaluated if you have a parent with polycystic kidneys. Evaluation will likely include a painless ultrasound (sound wave) examination. If you know you have polycystic kidneys, you want to do everything you can to protect their function. At some point, though, you may need dialysis or a transplant. Talk to your doctor. LGromkoMD ...Read more

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How can people inherit polycystic kidney disease?

Genetic anomalies: Some medical conditions, including adult polycystic kidney disease, are carried in our genes and can be passed from parent to child. Generally, if one parent has pckd, their child will have a 50/50 chance of inheriting it. ...Read more

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Dr. Tarek Naguib
2,382 doctors shared insights

Kidney Diseases (Definition)

Kidney diseases include hereditary problems such as polycystic kidney disease, structural abnormalities, infections, cancer, and damage to kidneys due to other medical conditions ...Read more


Dr. Rex Mahnensmith
110 doctors shared insights

Polycystic Kidney Disease (Definition)

Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disease that causes multiple cysts to form in the kidneys. Common symptoms include blood in the urine, abdominal pain, and ...Read more