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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Multicystic Kidneys And Polycystic Kidney Disease

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What is the difference between multicystic kidneys and polycystic kidney disease?

What is the difference between multicystic kidneys and polycystic kidney disease?

Multi vs poly kidney: Multicystic kidney is usually a developmental anomaly of the kidney, usually unilateral and is due to the renal tissue not connecting to the developing urogenital tissue. Usually the kidney does not function, and presents during birth or early childhood. Polycystic kidneys are inherited and usually are functional but eventually will cause progressive renal failure depending on the severity. ...Read more

Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more


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Please help! What is the difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Please help! What is the difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Genes: There are caused by different loci. The recessive form generally causes illness from the time of birth due to the large, ineffective kidneys. The dominant form sneaks up on a person during adult life. The affected kidneys look different in the two diseases. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Is there a difference between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Yes: The dominant form occurs mostly in adults. It is inherited but it takes time to show up as a diagnosable disease in middle to later age. Depending on your luck you either have it from your parent or not(50% chance). The recessive form could be carried by seemingly healthy persons and when manifests as a disease in the offspring, it shows up at a much earlier age. ...Read more

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What are the differences between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

What are the differences between autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Differences: Main differences are---ADPKD shows itself in adults and 1/3 stays silent, 1/3 cause complications like hypertension etc, and 1/3 progress to end stage renal disease. ARPKD --- on the other hand manifests itself in pediatric population, in fact soon after birth, almost always involves kidneys bilaterally and requires dialysis for survival. Good news-- ADPKD is dominant therefore never skips generat ...Read more

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How does multicystic kidney dysplasia differ from polycystic kidney disease?

How does multicystic kidney dysplasia differ from polycystic kidney disease?

At birth,not heredit: The former is a congenital but not hereditary disease involving usually one kidney forming a mass of cysts without functioning kidney tissue. Found with prenatal ultrasound. Kidney shrinks and the other kidney assumes its work. The most common form of PKD which is hereditary results in increasing cyst number and size over many years. Other organs have cysts and kidneys fail over many years. ...Read more

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Can you tell me much about polycystic kidney disease?

Can you tell me much about polycystic kidney disease?

Genetics etc: Most common is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, adpkd, 50 % of offspring will develop it. Much less common is infantile or autosomal recessive polycystic renal disease, arpkd, inherited by 25% of kids of same parents who are both "carriers". Neither curable, infantile requires treatment from birth with early nephrectomy + dialysis ; transplantation. Adpkd ok early, slowly progressive. ...Read more

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How do you typically diagnose polycystic kidney disease?

How do you typically diagnose polycystic kidney disease?

Ultrasound: You can take an imaging study called a renal ultrasound. The ultrasound can determine the number of cysts on your kidneys and can lead to a diagnose of polycystic kidney disease. ...Read more

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What are some clinical findings of polycystic kidney disease?

What are some clinical findings of polycystic kidney disease?

Huge kidneys: Dominant or adult PKD often presents with huge kidneys with cysts. High blood pressure, pain in the kidneys, and strokes may also be issues. The kidneys lose function over time on blood tests. Recessive or infantile PKD presents earlier in life. Kidneys are huge but cysts often are not seen. High blood pressure and kidney problems can occur. Liver scarring can also lead to bleeding from the gut. ...Read more

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Might it happen that a man with polycystic kidney disease have children?

Might it happen that a man with polycystic kidney disease have children?

Usually!: Adult polycystic kidney disease (apkd) is one of the most common inherited disorders. Extra-renal manifestation of apkd is not uncommon. Cysts involving the male reproductive system have been reported. Among cysts involving the reproductive system, seminal vesicle cysts have been reported. Current literature reports that majority of men "remain fertile.". ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is polycystic kidney disease?

Inherited problem: Polycystic kidney disease is something you inherit from a parent. If you know you have it, you will want to learn as much as you can about monitoring and protecting your kidney function. You will also want to learn about the treatment of kidney failure. Many people with polycystic kidneys receive kidney transplants — which is probably the best of all options when kidneys aren't working. Lgromkomd. ...Read more

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Could parapelvic cysts be a sign of polycystic kidney disease?

NO: Parapelvic cysts do not suggest polycystic kidney disease. Parapelvic cysts are rather common in occurrence and incidence increases with age. ...Read more

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What shouldn't I eat/drink if I have polycystic kidney disease?

What shouldn't I eat/drink if I have polycystic kidney disease?

Consistency : Make healthy decisions: low sodium diet, exercise, no tobacco, and be consistent. Take prescribed medications, control blood pressure, avoid all nsaids, if diabetic manage it well, and like everyone it helps to have a little of good luck too. Get a nephrologist (kidney doctor) who will look for ways to slow/prevent loss of kidney function, and if needed prepare for end stage kidney disease. ...Read more

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Is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease testing available?

Is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease testing available?

Yes, but......: Testing for this disease is safe and simple but beware of what you ask for. Knowing that you have polycystic kidney disease will make it difficult or expensive to obtain life and health insurance. Best to get these issues under control first as early diagnosis (before renal insufficiency) offers no benefit. Knowing that you have the gene prior to having children is useful for family planning. ...Read more

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Could autosomal dominent polycystic kidney disease be an inherited disease?

Could autosomal dominent polycystic kidney disease be an inherited disease?

Yes: As the name implies, "autosomal dominant" indicates genetic pattern of spread to children. In this case, the affected person need only pass one of two genes to his/her child for them to be affected wight he condition. ...Read more

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32yr old female, polycystic kidney disease. Safe to use diy detoxifying waters?

PCKD: I don't believe there are any good studies to support this. First...you need a good nephrologist. Polycystic kidney disease is monitored by ultrasound basically.and of course following BUN, creatinine and GFR. Reno-vascular HTN is treated so not to contribute to this. ...Read more

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What is the typical life expectancy for someone with polycystic kidney disease?

What is the typical life expectancy for someone with polycystic kidney disease?

No straight answer: If your kidney function remains preserved, no effect. If the kidney function declines and you wind up on dialysis, the life expectancy becomes more consistent with what people on dialysis get. And that can be pretty good if everything remains ideal. At some point kidney transplant may be an attractive option if there is no contraindication to the surgery which is involved in transplant. ...Read more

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Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease testing involves what kinds of tests?

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease testing involves what kinds of tests?

See below: The current diagnostic criteria to detect cyst in the kidney is by ultrasound, however this is not a 100% accurate way as very small cysts can be missed. Ct scan can detect cysts which are smaller like 1 mm. There are no diagnostic criteria dveloped for ct scan yet. In case a young kidney donor wants to donote, but make sure he/she doesnot have the disease, there are genetic tests available. ...Read more

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My fetus has just been diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease. What does that mean?

My fetus has just been diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease. What does that mean?

See below: Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited disorder and in your fetus case called autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease. Cysts are fluid filled cavities in the kidney. Your doctor will consult a pediatrician/pediatric nephrologist to decide the next steps. ...Read more

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How should I take care of myself if I have polycystic kidney disease and am diabetic?

See below: Maintain normal blood sugar levels, and blood presssure control. Other important things are regular exercise, reach ideal weight, and cholesterol control. Talk to your doctor about entering research studies for polycystic kidney disease. ...Read more

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What can I do to help my kidney function even though I have polycystic kidney disease.

What can I do to help my kidney function even though I have polycystic kidney disease.

PKD: Adjust diet significantly. Avoid saturated fats. Minimize animal protein to 30 grams per day. Minimize salt. Avoid caffeine. Drink 4 liters of fluid per day. Achieve ideal body weight. Do not smoke. Control blood pressure to 130/80. Avoid trauma. Avoid infection. Soy and omega 3 can help daily. ...Read more

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What is the best solutions for the polycystic kidney disease if my kidneys are enlarged?

What is the best solutions for the polycystic kidney disease if my kidneys are enlarged?

Optimize: See a nephrologist to optimize your renal function. By watching your weight, diet, blood pressure etc. You can extend the life of the kidneys. ...Read more

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Could you tell me what is the life expectancy for someone with polycystic kidney disease?

Could you tell me what is the life expectancy for someone with polycystic kidney disease?

Here are some...: On average, some 40% of patients with PKD, by age 60, will not have kidney failure, which is the worst risk to life. But, a basket of gifts from healthy lifestyle without overindulgence + available good medical advice + willingness to cope with reality, certainty, & uncertainty + hope to get kidney transplant will render patients the best possible help and hope. Best wish... ...Read more

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Is there a name for someone that has multiple cysts on all organs and also has polycystic kidney disease? And what is the outlook? Thankyou

Is there a name for someone that has multiple cysts on all organs and also has polycystic kidney disease? And what is the outlook? Thankyou

Polycystic kidney: Polycystic kidney is a genetic disease, inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. The kidney dominates with multiple cysts and organ enlargement. Cysts appear in the liver, pancreas, and brain. Vascular aneurysms are present in about five percent of individuals. There is no special name for the affected person. Close medical care is essential. ...Read more

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I have polycystic kidney disease PKD diagnosed when I was 14 now I'm 34 I don't take any meds just living a healthy lifestyle. Is there any meds?

Pkd: Adjust diet significantly. Avoid saturated fats. Minimize animal protein to 30 grams per day. Minimize salt. Avoid caffeine. Drink 4 liters of fluid per day. Achieve ideal body weight. Do not smoke. Control blood pressure to 130/80. Avoid trauma. Avoid infection. Soy and omega 3 help daily. Taking ACE inhibitors can help and low dose statin can help. Taking tolvaptan can help but with side effect ...Read more

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Is polycystic kidney disease an issue that negatively affects erectile function for a male age 37yrs? My BP is 12.7/8 with olmesartan10mg&lercadip20mg

Is polycystic kidney disease an issue that negatively affects erectile function for a male age 37yrs? My BP is 12.7/8 with olmesartan10mg&lercadip20mg

Probably not..., but: Autosomal dominant PKD itself has no direct bearing with ed, but drugs for high blood pressure have. Of course, long-term hypertension may increase the chance of developing blocking arteries leading to ed, but it's very unlikely for someone at age 37.

For detail and specific, check with expert timely.

Best... ...Read more

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How do you test for polycystic kidney disease?

Renal Ultrasound: Polycystic kidney disease is usually diagnosed by taking a renal ultrasound of your kidneys to determine the number of cysts that are on each kidney. Usually, a person presnts with bloody urine or multiple UTI that will lead to a doctor taking a patient of the kidneys and diagnosing the issue. ...Read more

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Is it ok to drink gatorade when u have polycystic kidney disease?

Is it ok to drink gatorade when u have polycystic kidney disease?

Depends: If you have PKD without any effects of chronic kidney disease i.e. difficulty balancing potassium (to the point where it gets high), then you should be fine. If you have had issues with your potassium levels being high, then I would recommend not drinking the sports drink. ...Read more

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Can I get a Tattoo if I have Polycystic kidney disease?

Can I get a Tattoo if I have Polycystic kidney disease?

Tattoo PCD: See no reason why not as the ttooist knows how to protect u from getting HIV, hepatitis etc. I would discuss with your team first as they know u best. ...Read more

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Polycystic kidney disease and kidney stones, are they related?

Polycystic kidney disease and kidney stones, are they related?

Kidney stones: No but they can occur together. Cysts in the kidneys are not necessarily polycystic kidneys which is an inherited familiar disease. ...Read more

Dr. Rex Mahnensmith
117 doctors shared insights

Polycystic Kidney Disease (Definition)

A genetic disease that causes multiple cysts to form in the kidneys. Common symptoms include blood in the urine, abdominal pain, and ...Read more


Previous Kidney Disease (Definition)

Polycystic kidney disease is a kidney disorder passed down through families in which multiple cysts form on the kidneys, causing ...Read more