Doctor insights on:
What Is The Difference Between Mitral Regurgitation And Mitral Stenosis
Nothing - same: The mitral valve or left atrio-ventricular valve is a bicuspid valve. The latter simply means a valve with two leaflets. That is the normal state. A tricuspid valve (3 leaflets) is normally the morphology of the right atrio-ventricular and aortic valves. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multiple: The pitch is different. Also, each is better heard in a different location in the chest, and the duration of the murmur during the cardiac cycle are different. ...Read more
Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more
prolapse vs leak: Mvp is a congenital disorder of the mitral valve where the collagen fibers that make up the valve are disorganized. It may or may not be associated with leakiness of the valve, which is simply what it sounds like - leaking blood backwards through the valve. People with mvp are more likely to develop leaky valves, but it's not a guarantee. An echocardiogram can tell you how leaky it is. ...Read more
Simple: Murmur= an extra heart sound beyond the expected lub dup. Mitral valve prolapse= the mitral valve sinks in when it closes and may leak. You hear a murmur, which may be a problem or not. You usually won't hear a valve prolapse but find out about it on a cardiac ultrasound or catheterization. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Mitral stenosis: Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve caused by rheumatic fever. Progressive narrowing of the mitral valve can cause heart rhythm disturbances and the development of heart failure symptoms. This condition can be corrected with either mitral balloon valvuloplasty or surgery. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Different things: I think of mitral valve prolapse as a description of how the valve closes (the leaflets bow into the atrium). Regurgitation is actual leaking of blood back in the atrium. You can have prolapse without regurgitation. And not everyone with regurgitation has prolapse. There is a group of patients that develop regurge from prolapse, but not everyone. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Plus one: it usually means mild abnormalitiesGet a more detailed answer ›
Very small leak: The mitral valve prevents blood from flowing backwards out of the main pumping chamber of the heart (left ventricle). When a valve leaks we call this regugitation or insufficiency. One method of describing a leak is to classify it as trivial or trace, mild, moderate, or severe. A trace leak should not affect you heart in any way. A lot of people of this and never need anything done for it. ...Read more
See below: Pulmonary fibrosis is, generally speaking, scarring of the lungs. Certain types progress faster than others. There is no such thing as pulmonary stenosis (narrowing). You can have a narrowing of the airways which is a completely different problem and may be treated with stents. And refers to the large airways so is different from asthma and copd. Hope this is not too confusing! ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Depends: Most of the time, it is a minor problem. It can result in significant leakage of the valve, chest pain, palpitations, valve infection, and heart rhythm disturbances. So it really depends on the severity of the problem. Fortunately, most cases are relatively benign. We used to routinely give antibiotics prior to dental and other procedures, but that is no longer recommended. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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