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What Is The Difference Between Mild Cognitive Impairment And Alzheimers
MCI-memory loss only: In dementia, not only memory, but also judgment, language, and other aspects are impaired. Mild cognitive impairment (mci) is a mild worsening of memory without those other changes. Mci may or may not progress to dementia. With my patients, i look for reversible causes, do baseline memory testing and repeat a year later. Slow eeg or prolonged cognitive evoked potential may signal pre-dementia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
According to the ada (which regulates how employers should treat workers with such disabilities), a mental impairment is: “any mental or psychological disorder, such as an intellectual disability (formerly termed “mental retardation”), organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities” -- all disorders in the mental health diagnostic ...Read more
Deficit continuum: Cognitive impairment is assessed by various neurological and neuropsychological tests. Such impairment can be described in scores or other test values, which are sometimes also categorized as "mild, moderate, or severe." such general descriptions of impairment, of course, over-simplify the actual functioning or presentation of the individual. They do help when a quick abbreviation is needed. ...Read more
Many reasons: Mild cognitive impairment is often the initial manifestation of Alzheimer's but cognitive problems can be seen with vitamin deficiencies, thyroid problems, HIV and syphilis infections, and medication adverse effects. Alcohol and recreational drugs can also do this. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Attention vs memory: Delirium also known as acute confusional state involves difficulty with brain functioning in the context of an acute medical or surgical condition. Attention deficits are the hallmark and other symptoms include hallucinations, confusion, memory impairments and other areas. Dementia involves memory problems, loss of functioning and other brain impairments. It is usually progressive and permanent. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Ability vs Memory: Aphasia is a problem specifically of language. It is usually caused by damage to specific areas of the brain. The person may be able to understand others and know what they want to say, but are unable to form the words (expressive aphasia) Dementia is primarily a problem of memory. A person may forget a second language or be unable to remember the names for specific objects. ...Read more
Type of dementia : Dementia is a general term which refers to decline in memory severe enough to interfere with activities of daily living and functional status. There are different types of dementia- Alzheimer's is the most common type of dementia. Clinical symptoms of Alzheimer's get worse over time. ...Read more
Difference: Dementia refers to brain degeneration, such as either Alzheimers (which involves plaques that build up in the brains cells and structures, or dementia because of restricted or otherwise disrupted blood flow to the brain. Mania refers to a neurotransmitter imbalance that markedly elevates mood, occasionally to the point of the sufferer becoming psychotic. ...Read more
Parkinson's disease: Epilepsy is repetitive sudden change in behavior sometimes associated with convulsions, loss of consciousness, and confusion due to abnormal electrical discharge of the brain. Parkinson's disease is a movement disorder due to deficiency of a neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine. Is characterized by tremors, rigidity, slowing of the movements, balance difficulties. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Terminology: A difference in terminology... Presenile dementia referred to a dementia with onset prior to 60-> 65 yrs of age, whereas in dementia the onset was later than 65 years. The etiology of the dementia could be the same, that being a dementia of the alzheimer type, pick's disease, lewy body dementia, vascular dementia or mixed type. Some can be diagnosed by symptoms and imaging, tissue is gold standard. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is there a difference between alzheimer's and dementia? I'm confused about whether the terms alzheimer's and dementia are interchangeable. Is there's a difference?
Many differences: There are a number of classic changes found in the brains of someone with Alzheimer's disease. There is a generalized wasting of the brain which can be see on CT Scan. Microscopic examination of autopsied brains, show that many neurons (brain cells) are disarrayed, forming tangles; and there are plagues made of a substance called amyloid. There are also chemical differences, eg. low acetylcholine ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hallucinations etc: Both Alzheimer's disease (AD) & dementia w/Lewy bodies (DLB) are different types of dementia w/memory loss in common. DLB presents w/hallucinations earlier in its course compared to AD. DLB also has Parkinsonian features such as tremors & stiffness early on while Parkinson's disease presents in reverse. Check out http://www.alz.org/health-care-professionals/differential-diagnosis-lewy-bodies.asp ...Read more
Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movements or narrow, restricted areas of interest - also have intellectual disability (ID) , measured cognitive & adaptive abilities < 70 before age 18. Many Neurodevelopmental Disorders with ID do not have ASD in their Neurobehavioral profile. ...Read more
Good question: Dementia is a general term to indicate loss of cognitive function due to a progressive disorder, and includes many diseases, including alzheimer's which is the most common cause of dementia. Senility supposedly refers to cognitive changes of aging, but is a corrupt term, as 50% of the elderly have relatively normal intellect by the age of 85. ...Read more
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