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Doctor insights on: What Is The Difference Between Mental Retardation And Illnes

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What is the difference between ADHD and mental retardation?

What is the difference between ADHD and mental retardation?

Learning potential: Mental retardation implies a lower iq or learning potential.Adhd is a condition where the brain has problems controlling distractability, impulsive behavior and organizational skills among other things.The iq is normal generally with adhd. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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What is the difference between autism and a mental handicap?

What is the difference between autism and a mental handicap?

Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movements or narrow, restricted areas of interest - also have intellectual disability (ID) , measured cognitive & adaptive abilities < 70 before age 18. Many Neurodevelopmental Disorders with ID do not have ASD in their Neurobehavioral profile. ...Read more

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What is the difference betweeen psychiatric and psychologic?

What is the difference betweeen psychiatric and psychologic?

Psych.: Psychiatrist is a medical doctor (md) treating patients with mental illnesses, both thru therapy & managing medications. Psychologist is a phd who treats similar patients thru psychotherapy & can perform psychological testing if qualified to do so. Both disciplines work very close to provide quality care to patients. ...Read more

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What is the difference between catatonia and "emotional unavailability"?

What is the difference between catatonia and "emotional unavailability"?

Difference: Catatonia refers to a state of schizophrenia where the patient doesn't move, appears like a statue, and has no emotional expression on their face. Emotionally unavailable can refer to a preoccupied person, a person whose emotions are effectively in deep freeze of sorts due to trauma, or a person who has schizoid personality disorder the hallmark of which is indifference to relationships. ...Read more

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What is the difference between catatonia and emotional unavailability?

What is the difference between catatonia and emotional unavailability?

A big difference: Catatonia is an uncommon, severe and life threatening psychiatric condition. Usually in the context of severe mood disorders. It involves inability to speak, marked reduction in physical movement, not eating or drinking. Emotional unavailability is a pop sort of term for someone who is not terribly communicative, doesn't want to interact with others, perhaps avoids emotional attachments. ...Read more

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What is the difference between delirium and dementia?

What is the difference between delirium and dementia?

Attention vs memory: Delirium also known as acute confusional state involves difficulty with brain functioning in the context of an acute medical or surgical condition. Attention deficits are the hallmark and other symptoms include hallucinations, confusion, memory impairments and other areas. Dementia involves memory problems, loss of functioning and other brain impairments. It is usually progressive and permanent. ...Read more

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What is the difference between dementia and mania?

Difference: Dementia refers to brain degeneration, such as either Alzheimers (which involves plaques that build up in the brains cells and structures, or dementia because of restricted or otherwise disrupted blood flow to the brain. Mania refers to a neurotransmitter imbalance that markedly elevates mood, occasionally to the point of the sufferer becoming psychotic. ...Read more

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What is the difference between ADHD and dementia?

What is the difference between ADHD and dementia?

Adult ADHD is an: inability to focus on a specific thought or task for very long and includes hyperactivity on the part of the person. Dementia is unrelated and refers to memory loss and confusion and is primarily seen in older people. Peace and good health. ...Read more

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What is the difference between moodiness and bipolar disorder?

What is the difference between moodiness and bipolar disorder?

Moodiness: Bipolar is extreme moodiness (for comparison purpose) & interferes with daily functioning. Also, moodiness can mean situational mood shifts or cycling. ...Read more

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What is the difference between Asperger disorder and autism? Do doctors know which part of the brain is affected?

What is the difference between Asperger disorder and autism?  Do doctors know which part of the brain is affected?

Degree of severity: Although there are technical differences for making the diagnosis, in practice, autism is seen as a spectrum disorder. The most severe are diagnosed with autism. Those with the mild symptoms asperger's, and those with symptoms somewhere in between sometimes diagnosed as pdd, nos. The mildest may not diagnosed with anything, but may be thought of as quirky, rigid, or clueless. ...Read more

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What is the difference between anorexia and the rumination syndrome?

What is the difference between anorexia and the rumination syndrome?

Distinct Disorders: Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by an irrational fear of gaining weight. Rumination syndrome is characterized by effortless regurgitation of most meals following consumption. While anorexics will sometimes induce vomiting, ruminators can vomit without effort. Both disorders can cause significant medical, emotional, and social problems with a better prognosis for ruminators. ...Read more

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I need to know what is the difference between mental disability and mental disorder?

I need to know what is the difference between mental disability and mental disorder?

Disorder : when an illness causes impairment of functioning in one or more areas of one's life , that is called disability since the patient is disabled and unable to carry one or more functions. mental D/O on the other hand means mental disease such as depression, Anxiety, OCD.. etc.. so one can have a mental D/O without disability, if the disorder is severe enough, it may lead to mental disability. thanx ...Read more

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What is the difference between psychosis and schizophrenia?

What is the difference between psychosis and schizophrenia?

Psychosis: Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder not attributed to by organic (medical) causes for the symptoms, or by substance use. Psychosis could be primary symptom or caused by any of the above attributes (organic psychosis) or mood disorders such as bipolar do, or personality do's such as borderline personality. ...Read more

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What is the difference between mental and physical addiction?

What is the difference between mental and physical addiction?

Often together: The 2 of these often come together. "addiction" signifies a behavioral pattern of using a substance despite obvious harm to the person's life, work, and relationships. They use more than intended; lie about using; and spend lots of time using it. Physical habituation (having withdrawal symptoms when missing dose) can happen without addiction, but may come with mental/behavioral patterns as above. ...Read more

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Please help! what is the difference between delirium &dementia?

Please help! what is the difference between delirium &dementia?

Sxs: Delirium is an acute confusional state caused by many possible things...A waxing and waning level of consciousness is the hallmark of delirium.... ...Read more

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What is the difference between viral and genetic hydrocephalus?

What is the difference between viral and genetic hydrocephalus?

Not much: Congenital hydrocephalus is usually caused by a blockage of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) flow out of the brain (where it is produced) leading to excess fluid inside the brain. Infectious causes (often bacterial and parasitic) can clog the pathway out, just like congenital hydrocephalus, as well as limit the ability of the brain to resorb CSF after it completes its cycle around the spinal cord. ...Read more

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What is the difference between schizophrenia and multiple personalities?

It is complex: Multiple personality is when -usually due to severe trauma, different parts of the personality actually become separate. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder where a person has biologically based chemical imbalances where they are paying attention to internally generated stimuli, hearing or seeing things not experienced by others, or having fixed false beliefs they may act on. Treatments differ. ...Read more

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What is the difference between psychotic and depression?

Dep./Psy.: Psychosis is a thought disorder. Depression is a mood disorder. Person can have both, if diagnosis is major depression with psychotic features. ...Read more

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What is the difference between aspergers and autism in general?

What is the difference between aspergers and autism in general?

They are both: On the spectrum of autism disorder. Aspergers in general is more high functioning. They are all very bright people.. Aspergers tend to excel academically and have social problems because they do not read emotional cues well at all. Autism usually has more severe developmental and language delays with diarrhea, constipation, self stemming, and eating issues. This is a broad and general description. ...Read more

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What is the difference between schizoprenia and psychosis?

What is the difference between schizoprenia and psychosis?

Similar: Schizophrenia is a disease characterized by either hallucinations and/or delusions-which are called psychosis. The main difference is that most all schizophrenics have some form of psychosis or disordered thoughts, but not all with psychosis have schizophrenia. There may be 100 different conditions which can cause psychosis. Psychosis is a symptom, like a fever is a symptom which has many causes. ...Read more